INNOVATION IN CONSTRUCTION plays an important role in making building construction faster and sustainable. following are the Top 5 Innovation in Construction 2019
1. Self-healing concrete:
Cement is most widely used materials in construction, but also one of the biggest contributors to harmful carbon emissions, said to be responsible for around 7 percent of annual global emissions.
One the major problem is cracking in construction, usually caused by exposure to water and chemicals. Bath University researchers are looking to develop a self-healing concrete, using a mix containing bacteria within microcapsules, which will germinate when water enters a crack in the concrete, which exact limestone, plugging the crack before water and oxygen has a chance to corrode the steel reinforcement.
INNOVATION IN CONSTRUCTION
2. Thermal bridging:
The demand for efficient insulation material is becoming crucially important throughout the construction industry. The heat INNOVATION IN CONSTRUCTIONthrough walls tends to be cross directly through the building envelope, be it masonry, block or stud frame, to the internal fascia such as drywall.
This process is called “thermal bridging”. Aerogel, the Nasa technology developed for cryogenic insulation, is considered one of the most effective thermal insulation materials and US spin-off Thermablok has adapted it using a proprietary aerogel in a fiberglass matrix. This can be used to insulate studs, which can considerably increase overall wall R-value (an industry measure of thermal resistance) by more than 40 percent.
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3. Photovoltaic glaze:
Glazing. integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) can help buildings generate their own electricity, by turning the whole building envelope into a solar panel. The Polysolar is a company is to provide transparent photovoltaic glass as a structural building material, forming windows, façades, and roofs.
The grazing material of Polysolar’s is efficient at producing energy even on north-facing, vertical walls and its high performance at raised temperatures means it can be double glazed or insulated directly. Similarly, provide the saving on energy bills and earning feed-in tariff revenues, its cost is only marginal over the traditional glass, since construction and framework costs remain, while cladding and shading system costs are replaced.
INNOVATION IN CONSTRUCTION
4. Kinetic Footfall:
Another technology is kinetic energy which is under development that is Pavegen provides a technology that enables flooring INNOVATION IN CONSTRUCTIONharness the energy of footsteps. It may be utilized indoors or outdoors in high traffic areas and generates electricity from pedestrian footfall using an electromagnetic induction process and flywheel energy storage.
The Kinetic footfall is most efficient to transport hubs where a large flow of people will pass over it. The company deployment has done so far is in a football pitch in Rio de Janeiro to help power the floodlights around the pitch. It has a temporary installed outside London’s Canary Wharf station powering street lights. these are one of important Innovation in Civil Engineering 2019
5. Kinetic Roads:
The utility of kinetic energy potential in roadways is exploring by Italian startup Underground Power. The company has developed a technology called Lybra, a tyre-like rubber paving that converts the kinetic energy produced by moving vehicles into electrical energy.
This technology is developed collaboration with the Polytechnic University of Milan, Lybra operates on the principle that a braking car dissipates kinetic energy. This new cutting-edge technology is able to collect, convert kinetic energy into electricity and pass it on to the electricity grid and also for improving road safety, the device upgrades and promotes sustainability of road innovation in construction.
6. 3D Modelling:
Innovative planning concepts have been driven by the growth of smart cities. For that purposes, the software developed CyberCity3D is a geospatial-modeling specialize in the production of smart 3D building models.
It helps in creating smart digital 3D buildings to help the architectural, engineering and construction sector visualize and communicate design and data with CC3D proprietary software. These model can be integrated with 3D geographic information system platforms, such as Autodesk and ESRI, and can stream 3D urban building data to Cesium’s open architecture virtual 3D globe.
7. Modular Construction:
It includes the building constructed off-site using the same materials and designed of the same standards as conventional on-site construction. It also helps in limiting environmental disruption, delivering components as and when needed, and turning construction into a logistics exercise.
It also offers strong sustainability benefits, from fewer vehicle movements to less waste. By using this method with up to 70 percent of a building produced as components, it allows a move towards “just in time” manufacturing and delivery. This method is currently popular in the United States and the UK, Chinese developer Broad Sustainable Building recently completed a 57-story skyscraper.
8. Asset mapping:
This technique focuses on operational equipment, including heating and air conditioning, lighting and security systems, collecting data from serial numbers, firmware, engineering notes of when it was installed and by whom, and combines the data in one place.
It shows engineers in real-time on a map where the equipment needs to be installed and, once the assets are connected to the real-time system using the internet. These can be operated via the web, app, and other remote devices and systems. Asset mapping helps customers build databases of asset performance, which can assist in proactive building maintenance, and also reduce building procurement and insurance costs.