There are Different Types of Doors used in houses and buildings. Doors are one of the essential assets of any home, not just security.
But they also improve the appearance of the house from the outside. Choice of Door Types depends on the type of building, house, and its purpose of use.
What Is Door?
Doors are defined as The movable structure used for opening and closing an entrance or for giving access in or out of something.
There are various door types available to make your house entrance attractive.
A-frame used for given excess to indoor or outdoor as to a building or room, or giving access to a closet, cupboard, etc.: most doors turn on hinges, slide in grooves, or revolve on an axis
Importance of Doors
We all know the proverb that the first impression is usually the last and this is true especially for entrance to our homes.
The entrance of any house creates a lasting impression on visitors‘ minds but somehow doors remain unnoticed unless either they are elegantly done or completed in a bad shape.
Doors are the major important element of any home, they do not only provide aesthetically pleasing but also have features like durability, strength, water, and heat resistance and they should not warp with time.
Past days have been gone now doors were used for the mere purpose of maintaining privacy and security. Nowadays doors have become an important aesthetic appearance structure and an integral part of a home’s interiors.
Most Used Types of Doors In Modern Homes
The following are the most popular types of doors in modern homes,
1. Hinged Doors
Hinged door types are generally made of either a solid wooden panel door or a hollow-cored door affixed to a door jamb with two or more hinges.
These are too common and are useful in almost any application in which a door is required. These doors are generally located as front entry, rear entry, interior, and wardrobe doors.
2. Dutch Doors
A Dutch type of door also known as double-hung or half door sometimes is a door that’s split in half horizontally, allowing the top half to open while the bottom half stays shut.
A secure tight bolt holds the two halves together and it operates as a normal door.
Nowadays, Dutch doors are popular for their practicality as well as their old-world feel. These doors are the prime choice for interior doors as well, allowing you to keep an eye (and ear) on children and animals while keeping them in or out of a certain part of the house
3. Pocket Doors
The special feature of pocket doors is that it gets “disappear” into a special cavity inside the wall when opened. These doors generally have top–hung and slide along a track mounted on the ceiling.
Many house owners choice for pocket doors simply because they like the style. The pocket sliding door is sometimes used to separate two rooms so that they may be joined as needed.
4. Roller Doors
Roller Door Types are mostly used for garages and storage facilities however they are an extremely trendy addition to a living room for instance.
We can also utilize a roller door to separate the interior home from the deck or garden.
5. Bifold Doors
If you are looking for a seamless connection inside and out of your house, choose bifold. A bifold would be the best option for your needs.
bifolding designs are not like Dutch or French but, they give stack neatly out of the way, providing gloriously open access to the garden and an expansive feeling inside.
6. Sliding Doors
Sliding doors are also known as bypass doors and are generally used for locations including large openings as that discovered in a bedroom or closets.
Sliding doors do not swing open rather, you have to move them on the track and that’s why they do not disrupt other components of the space. Therefore, just a part of the opening is accessible at a time.
Read More: Flush Door: Meaning and Types of Flush Door
7. Pivot Doors
The pivot doors are simply designed to rotate about their vertical axis. These doors are available with or without a stopper.
this door can effortlessly rotate 360 degrees on its own axis thus achieving an elegant swing in the space.
The pivot doors are made with complicated hinges hidden on the top and bottom of the door which forms the center from where the door rotates.
These doors save Space when it opens covers half the portion of each space.
8. French Doors
A French door is generally made up of one piece and has a light construction with glass panes extending for most of its length. They are also known as French windows.
If you are searching for something different and eye-catching, French doors would be the ideal choice. These doors have hinges set up on each side of the opening, and they swing to each other and fulfill in the center. They provide an unblocked view When both side doors are opened.
9. Panel Doors
In the past, panel doors are very popular for quite some time. Its name gives the idea about its making that the door is crafted not of one single piece of wood or other material, but instead is comprised of panels.
Each panel later will fit together in order to create the finished door. It can have a six-panel door that will be made up of six inset rectangles or squares within the door. In panel doors, a door can have one panel, or it can have several.
The panel door can behave glass panes set into the wood as well in case you want to allow light through the door.
Generally, panel doors are most suitable for exterior doors, but if you want a heavier door that can better deaden sound then you can have panel doors installed as interior doors as well.
10. PVC Doors
PVC or polyvinyl chloride doors are a very popular material choice for doors in your bathroom. These lightweight doors minimize your work while maximizing your investment.
These doors look like painted wooden doors that do not need any maintenance, which is required for the absorbent, natural fibers of the wood.
If you go for PVC shower doors, you’ll find that they’re simple to install and easy to clean.
11. Flush Door
A flush door is made of solid blackboard core, vertical stiles, and horizontal rails that create a pre–fixed frame, and the blackboard is composed of wooden strips that are placed edge-to-edge and sandwiched between veneers.
They bonded under high pressure and temperature using synthetic resin. So, we can say that the flush door is a door that is made of a timber frame covered with ply from both sides.
The hollow part left in is filled with rectangular blocks of softwood.
Afterward, the final decorative finish is given by fixing the veneer on the top. It is named a flush door because it has an entirely smooth surface and if water splashed on its surface, it would simply flow off its surface without accumulating.
12. Battened & Ledged Doors
These kinds of doors are composed of vertical boards called battens which are nailed or screwed to horizontal members called ledgers.
The battens used are generally 15 to 18 cm wide and 2 to 3 cm thick. Normally, narrow Battened doors have a better appearance.
These doors can be either braced or braced and framed to offer rigidness and a much better look. Such doors are mostly utilized for toilets, baths, WC, and other rooms as well as in homes where the economy is the prime factor to consider.
13. Bamboo Door
Bamboo strips doors can be used indoors and windows, including their frames and so on. One common option for the wood item is the jute-coir composite board which can be made use of for the manufacture of doors.
Doors composed of bamboo jute have the benefit of being water-resistant, rust-resistant, termite resistant, environmentally friendly, bio-degradable, and expense efficient.
14. Glass Door
Glass is most commonly used for windows and doors, primarily for paneling. It depends on the owner whether like to use glass, doors can be made out of glass for particular areas.
Generally, glass doors‘ most suitable location is on the backside as it offers an unblocked view of the yard or garden.
Front doors made of glass also look gorgeous; however, care needs to be required to guarantee both personal privacy and sturdiness.
Fixing one panel of glass set into wood frames is a regular and gorgeous alternative for front doors.
Glass-door is more expensive compared to others and needs more effort to upkeep. These doors have more weight than other doors besides being pricey.
15. Aluminum Doors
When you plan to give elegant look to your house, what different kinds of doors do you prefer? Perhaps the best choice for you would be aluminum.
Aluminum doors are already the first-choice option for contemporary architecture because of the security, aesthetics, and insulation properties it gives.
As it well–known fact that aluminum is a durable and sturdy material that doesn’t need too much maintenance.
There is no doubt about the quality of aluminum. It has already been tested through a bit expensive; it’s actually one of the best choices in the door market.
Aluminum doors can be used for both residential and commercial purposes – it’s perfect for glazing and glass fronts, providing you with a high–quality frame.
16. Fibre Glass Door
Generally, glass fiber is manufactured by bonding fiber with resin that can be utilized to produce a variety of products consisting of bathtubs, doors and windows, and so on.
Fiberglass is proven to be one of the most solidified products with fairly low upkeep expenses as compared with wood and steel. Fiberglass doors are well known as steady as they do not warp, bow or twist.
Windows and doors made up of fiberglass can be offered with wood panels on the surface to surpass the visual appeals. Doors manufactured out of fiberglass can be utilized for both outside and interior areas.
17. Fiber-reinforced Plastic Doors
Fiber-reinforced plastic has high strength it can be put to numerous usages consisting of manufacture of doors.
FRP doors are available in many colors and surfaces consisting of natural wood surfaces in the market.
These may have 2 leaves of 1.5 mm density and leaves are molded over a core product forming a sandwich panel. FRP doors are one of the popular choices for modern–day house construction.
types of doors in civil engineering
18. Steel Doors
Steel metal doors may be the first choice of doors when looking for doors for your commercial establishment, but they are some of the more versatile door options.
Steel doors are most suitable for exterior–facing doors that need to withstand heavy traffic and exterior elements.
Nowadays, steel doors can also be installed in a residence though they are more commonly used for stores, schools, and commercial buildings.
19. Louvered Doors
These types of doors are used when privacy with natural ventilation and quietness for rest is desired, as they allow free passage of air even when closed.
Louvered doors can be used to help ventilate certain areas of your home, to add a small amount of privacy to otherwise open space, or as room dividers.
20. Swing Doors
Swing Doors are much similar to hinged doors, but here the Hinge can be rotated in either direction. In these types of doors, a shutter is fixed to the frame with double action spring hinges which enables the movement on either side.
It is made like that the slight force will open the door, while the spring action in the hinge brings the shutter to a closed position.
The shutter’s return to its position is forced, so the door has to be fully glazed or put a peephole at eye level to prevent accidents.
21. Collapsible Doors
The Collapsible doors are composed of vertical double channels (20 X 10 X 2 mm) joined together with hollows on the inside to create an artificial gap.
Channels are spaced about 100mm – 200mm apart and braced with diagonal iron flats, which allow the shutter to open/close giving an appearance of a “steel curtain”.
The doors shutter operates within two rails, one fixed to the floor and the other at the lintel. Roller fixed on top supports the equivalent movement in both directions for easier operation.
22. Sliding Glass Doors
These doors are generally utilized where there is space limitation for the swing of a Hinged door or for Aesthetic purposes. These doors are commonly used in commercial structures.
The doors shutter slides horizontally along the tracks with the help of runners and rails. Generally, the door is hung by two trolley hangers at the top of the door running in a concealed track.
while at the bottom rollers are provided to slide the shutter in the channel/track. For providing easy movement plastic rollers are fixed at the top/bottom.
23. Rolling Shutters
Rolling Shutters are generally used for shops/go-downs. This shutter works as a barrier and provides protection against fire and thefts wind and hails.
The rolling shutter is made of Steel slabs called laths or slates which are around 1.25 cm thick interlocked with each other and coiled upon a specially designed pipe shaft called “drum” mounted at the top.
Such an arrangement is made that the shutter moves in two vertical steel guide channels mounted at the ends.
The channels may be made of steel sheets, deep enough to accommodate the shutter and to keep it in position.
The rolling door is raised to open it and lowered to close it. On large rolling shutter doors (more than 10 Sqm), the action may be motorized.
24. Glazed/Slash Door
Glazed or slash doors are the same as framed/paneled doors, except one of the panels is replaced with glass to improve the visibility of the interior room.
25. Revolving Doors
This door has a central shaft with four Wings that hang on it, The Shaft Rotates around the vertical axis within a round enclosure.
The doors’ central shaft is fitted with a ball bearing arrangement at the bottom, which allows the shutters to move without any jerk and making noise.
These types of doors may be fully paneled, fully glazed, or partly glazed.
26. Wooden or Timber Door
These types of doors are primarily used for interior door applications. Timber is the oldest material used for the doors and timber never seems out of fashion.
There are many good reasons for using wood such as wooden doors providing soundproofing, insulation, and security. They are easy to install and clean.
They have a long life. Being natural materials, they have a different appeal. They do look elegant. They are very costly.
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Types of Doors and Windows in Civil Engineering
Following are various doors types used in civil engineering,
1) Hinged Doors
2) Dutch Doors
3) Pocket Doors
4) Roller Doors
5) Bifold Doors
6) Sliding Doors
8) French Doors
9) Panel Doors
10) PVC Doors
11) Flush Door
12) Battened & Ledged Doors
13) Bamboo Door
14) Glass Door
15) Aluminum Doors
Types of Wooden Doors
Following are the most used wooden doors types,
Battened and Ledged Doors.
Battened, Ledged, and Braced Doors.
Battened, Ledged, and Framed Doors.
Battened, Ledged, Braced, and Framed Doors.
Framed and Panelled Doors.
Flush Doors. Solid Core or Laminated Core Flush Door. …
Types of Doors Architecture
Most Popular Architecture Doors Types,
Fibre Glass Door
Fiber-reinforced Plastic Doors
Sliding Glass Doors
Wooden or Timber Door