Building Construction

Building Construction Process from Start to Finish9 min read

Building Construction Process From Start to Finish involves any type of construction that is not an easy task; perhaps it requires lots of effort and investment. Although, building construction requires lots of time and is tedious work, yet its result is a permanent asset for us. The residential building construction process is a systematic task done by skilled persons.

Therefore, care should be taken in the House Construction Step. Before planning, building construction projects must consider important aspects of house construction steps like the purpose of construction, utility, financial proficiency, the demand for work, etc. 

As the decision of building construction is taken, the planning phase is started. The building construction process from start to finish (pdf) is discussed here in detail. First of all start with some preconstruction steps.

The House construction Steps is explained in detail below:

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Building Construction Process Start To Finish

Following are the Steps Involved in Building Construction Process from Start to Finish Pdf:

I) Pre-Construction Steps

  1. To Acquire Land or Plot.
  2. To Seek Technical Help.
  3. Prepare Estimation and Budgets.
  4. Permission from Authorities.
  5. Approach a Builder.
  6. Superstructure – Column.

II) During Building Construction Steps

  1. Site Preparation or Levelling work.
  2. Excavation and PPC.
  3. Foundation.
  4. Plinth Beam or Slab.
  5. Superstructure – Column
  6. Brick Masonry Work.
  7. The Lintel Over Door Window Gaps.
  8. Floor Slab or Roof Structure.
  9. Door Window Framing and Fixations.
  10. Electrical and Plumbing.
  11. Exterior Finishing.
  12. Terrace and Roof Finishing.
  13. Internal Finishes.
  14. Woodwork and Fixture Fittings.

The following are the building construction process step by step (pdf)

I) Pre-Construction Steps (Phase – I)

1) To Acquire Land or Plot

It is the most important step in building construction. Search for the location for the building which is best suited for building construction purposes. Be careful while selecting land which has all the desired facilities available nearby and should be free from all land-related issues.

It is suggested that do prior data collection before buying land or plot either by doing research online or seek help from real estate agents or concerned persons regarding the effective cost of the same.

2) To Seek Technical Help

After selecting proper land for building, take the help of a professional architect to create building designs and take his/her advice. An architect prepare plan as per building requirement, number of flats, shops based on your requirements and budget.

Then after architect consult with a structural engineer for details of the reinforcements to be used, how deep your foundation will be, the size of gravel to be used, pillar width, etc.

3) Preparing Estimate and Budget

Building construction involves a huge amount of material and budget. After, planning and structural detailing have been completed these details are transferred to the building estimator. The building estimator will estimate the material quantity, quantity of different items of work, and prepare an abstract sheet that shows the cost of building construction.

If financial resources are limited, we need to seek pre-approval for loans in advance, or else you may end up in a cash crunch situation.

4) Permission from Authorities

This is important work to do after the project is ready to be executed. For that, we have to take permission from the local municipal body before you could go for the construction.

Following are the list of document project required before applying for permission. This document may differ from state to state, but some are essential for every building construction work.

a) Land survey: Survey of the land has to be carried out with the help of authorized land surveyor

b) Soil test report of the land.

c) Land documents.

d) Architecture/ elevation/ sectional drawings.

e) Structural report.

f)  Architect Certificate of undertaking on Record and Certificate of the undertaking of Civil Engineer on Record

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5) Approach a Builder

A builder or contractor for construction must be chosen carefully because it is a major factor for securing building construction quality and timely construction of work. Pre investigation must be done about the builder before handing in work. In the contract document, all the work-related details must be clearly stated.

The contract document should cover layout and work details along with the payment methods, time scales, and costs. The condition of the contract should be thoroughly checked before signing a final deal.

Building Construction Step (Phase – II)

The following are the building construction steps involves for any type of construction.

1) Site Preparation or Leveling

The construction site must be cleaned before the work is executed. This work involves the removal of roots of trees, debris, and leveling ground area.

2) Excavation and PCC

The foundation of the building ground is excavated with the help of excavating machines as per the building dimension specified in the drawings. In this foundation trench, a layer of PCC (Plain cement concrete) is laid in the dug portion before placing the reinforcements for the foundation.

3) Foundation

building construction
Building Foundation Construction

The building is supported on the foundation is the lowermost part of the building that is in contact with the soil. A building is load transferred from the superstructure to the soil and needs to be extremely strong to handle the load. After the PCC work foundation reinforcement work is started. The foundation bottom level must check before concreting it. The remaining space between the foundation is filled with earth.

4) Plinth Beam and Slab

building construction
Plinth Beam

After the foundation work is done ground beam formwork preparation is started and poured with concrete. Over the plinth beam, masonry work is started. And space between foundation and plinth beam filled with soil.

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5) Superstructure – Column

The superstructure is the portion above the plinth level of the building. The main component of the superstructure is a column and beam.  The columns are built up to slab level and the frame for further construction is prepared.

building construction
RCC Frame Structure

6) Brick Masonry Work

As column and beam framework completed masonry work is started with different materials such as bricks, concrete blocks, fly ash bricks, etc. according to building drawing. Masonry work is done using a cement mortar mix. It is a mixture of cement & sand. During this carefully and as per drawing gaps are laid for doors and windows during the masonry work.

7) The Lintel Over Door Window Gaps

The lintel is constructed on the door and window to support the masonry work over it. After this further masonry work is done.

8) Floor Slab or Roof Structure

Then the formwork is started to construct slab resting on the column and beam. Over slab formwork, slab reinforcement is placed as per slab detailed drawing.

9) Door Window Framing and Fixations

After that door window frames are fixed at their specified position given in the drawing.

10) Electrical and Plumbing

As we know that buildings are constructed with a clean finish in which electrical and plumbing work is not visible. They are installed in the walls and slabs such that they are concealed and not visible after the finishing work is done. The point and pipe ends are left out such that later they can be finished with the electric fitting and plumbing fixtures.

Read More: Standard Ceiling Height | Ceiling Height | Average Ceiling Height 

11) Exterior Finishing

Once this work is completed, external plastering and finishing work is started. Waterproofing is also done to prevent rising dampness in the wall. External cladding can also be done to enhance the elevation of the house.

12) Terrace and Roof Finishing

On top of the slab, waterproofing is done to prevent any leakage in the slab. Generally, terrazzo tiling is done to prevent the slab from a weathering effect.

13) Internal Finishing

Internal walls are plaster with a smooth finish and flooring is done with tiles. Later on, the walls are painted or textured.

14) Woodwork and Fixture Fittings

By following the above step, almost all construction work is completed, and then after furniture work is started. Side by side, electrical fitting, switchboard, and plumbing fittings are complete in the bathrooms and kitchen areas too.

The last step of building construction is interior decoration work in completing the building construction with proper furnishing and fabric used.

Watch Video: Building Construction Process With 3D Model

Building Construction Process


How do you build a house from start to finish?

It can be done in two phases:
1.Phase I- Pre Construction.
2.Phase II- Building Construction Steps.
Each Phase has its own steps of construction.

What is the First step in Building Construction?

The first step in the construction of the building is Site Preparation and Leveling. The site to be constructed must be prepared for construction before the work is executed along with cutting and filling to maintain the plain.

What are the steps in the building construction process?

I) Pre-Construction Steps:
1)To Acquire Land or Plot, 2)To Seek Technical Help, 3) Prepare Estimation and Budget, 4)Permission from Authorities, 5) Approach a Builder, 6) Superstructure – Column.
II) During Building Construction Steps:
1) Site Preparation or Levelling work, 2)Excavation and PPC, 3)Foundation Plinth Beam or Slab, 4) Superstructure – Column
5) Brick Masonry Work, 6)The Lintel Over Door Window Gaps, 7)Floor Slab or Roof Structure, 8)Door Window Framing and Fixations, 9)Electrical and Plumbing, 10)Exterior Finishing,
11)Terrace and Roof Finishing, 12)Internal Finishes, 13)Woodwork and Fixture Fittings.

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9 thoughts on “Building Construction Process from Start to Finish”

  1. Hi Dear,
    1st of all, i would like to say thank you for you great work and your effort as you put in a website to provide such information to engineers and those intrested in constractions field.
    I get your reference from website when i was searching google for my floor plan. I am not a engineer.
    but i like the way you presenting/ providing the informations to new joiners.
    Thanks again, and in advance if you can help me in making floor plan in below details.

    Total area: 20*50= 1000 Sq ft.
    Bed Room= 3
    Bath Room=1 full
    Guest Room cum Hall with attached half bath room

  2. Abdullah Faiz

    Dear Team, Thank you so much for sharing the useful information for the people like me who are not engineer at all, but can get a good idea of the construction processes. Best regards. Abdullah Faiz

  3. Gbenga Dosumu

    Thank you Engr Bhushan Mahajan for this great work. It is the best I have read . Easily readable and understandable especially for real estate enthusiasts.. I will like to read your work in area of simple functional and affordable precast construction.

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