Every house owner worries about termite attack or termites in house presence and that’s an obvious thing because of the fact that termite can cause serious damage to house costly wooden furniture. They are sound to be more dangerous due to a fact that they eat wood as food and also they work inside the wood, so they may not come to notice until they have done waste damage inside the wood.
Termites cause loss of billions of dollars each year in the U.S. The termites in the house mainly eat wood and damage it but also damage paper, books, insulation, and even swimming pool liners and filtration systems.
What are Termites?
Termites are winged insects that live in colonies and feed on wood and plant matter. Termites live in large social groups called colonies. These colonies are hungry, too, eating 24 hours a day, every day.
Termites aren’t just abundant; they are also varied as there are about 2,000 known species on Earth. In the United States alone there are over 40 different species.
They live and grow in foundations, windows, and door frames in your home without any visible side outside. Termites in house are survived by eating wood found around your home from furniture to skirting boards.
It is necessary to look for signs of termites in your home otherwise they will destroy your home wooden furniture silently.
How Do Termites Get In House?
a) The Entry of Subterranean Termites in House
1. Mud Tube
Subterranean termites in house eat wood as food and they access your home by building mud tubes that provide them a moist, protective shield to move from one location to another. Drywood termites are not constructed in any mud tube.
2. Drop Tube
Drop Tubes Termite workers general available in your home crawl space and they may also construct free-hanging mud tubes, also called drop tubes. This drop tubes can also extend from the ground level to wooden floor joists vertically and the floor above ground.
Other Sources of Entry
Other likely termite entry points are the crack and gaps available in patios, dirt-filled porches, sidewalks, steps, and chimneys are which are built adjacent to the foundation wall.
Besides the above major source, Termites also built mud tubes on supporting piers of houses with crawl spaces. There are ricks of termite attack in almost for types of foundations, slab-on-ground construction is the most likely to be susceptible to termites entry.
b) The Entry of Termite through Siding
Siding, which is built partly beneath the soil, creates another way to termites to get access to your home. In case siding extended below the soil, termites workers enter in house from the backside of the siding and do so without mud tubes. They get access to your home without coming in the notice of any house owner.
Termites in house also get access from any outside sources of wood such as a trellis or a planter box. In these cases, termite attack on an outside source of wood and build mud tubes throughout the wood source and with time the get access inside through a crack, gap, or suitable hole.
Drywood termites as the name indicate they survive in live in dry, sound wood, and also they do not have a connection with soil since the moisture they need comes from the wood they infest.
Therefore, dry wood termite does not construct any mud tube, unlike the subterranean termites. Drywood termites in house entered when dry wood termite swarmers fly directly to the wood near or inside your home and infect it.
Some of their usual routes of entry include:
- Attic or foundation vents that are not screened.
- Cracks around window frames, door frames, soffits, and roof sheathing.
- Wood or Furniture infested with termites in house.
c) Dampwood Termite
Dampwood termites by nature they infect or damage the wood that has very high moisture content or dampness.
Dampwood termites attack is likely to happen where there is damp wood in constant contact with the ground or if a water leak constantly keeps wood wet.
Dampwood termites are getting access to the house through infested lumber and at times in mulch. Termites swarmers are get attracted to light and at times will be attracted to porch lights left on at night.
Sometimes dry wood termites swarmers get inside, they create a small chamber in damp wood, mate, and begin a new colony.
What is the Sign of Termites in House
1) Hollow Sounding Wood
Drywood termites generally eat timber from inside to outside, leaving a thin veneer of timber or just the paint. When you try to knock the area of wood that has termite damage, it will sound hollow or papery. This hollow sound is because partly or full inside wood has been eaten away and is another one of the signs of termites in house.
Termite attack the house is only come to notice when the vacuum cleaner goes through a skirting board or a finger pressed into a door frame goes through.
2) Tiny Tunnels in Wood
Termites built a tunnel in wood which is difficult to see due to their tiny size, but if you have seen any broken timber piece near or in your house it is a confirm indication that termites attacked your home.
Various devices and technology are developed to detect termite tunnels and the activity of termites when there are no visible signs. The device includes borescopes, electronic odor detectors, microwaves, sound detectors, infrared detectors, X-rays, and even dogs, but only a few have laboratory proven testes certified devices.
3) Termite Frass
The most important clue left by dry wood termites is frass which termite drop out from wood the eat. This is major and confirms the sign of termite attack on wood which is always looked for during a termite inspection. Drywood termites are never using their feces to build their tunnels. Unlike subterranean termites. Instead, they push it out of small holes near the entrances to their nest. These results in small black marks and a dark powdery substance around the area they are infesting.
4) Doors and Windows Becomes Tight in Space
Sometimes, the window which has become stiff suddenly and warped doors can also mean termites! These expansions are happening when termite inside continuously eating and tunneling through door and window frames causes the wood to warp, making it tough to open doors and windows.
5) White Ants
A common mistake people make is confusing termites in house with white ants. This misconception is an easy one to make as ants and termites are very similar in both shape, size, and some cases behavior.
How can be differentiating between ants and termites?
- Termites are light in color. They are usually a white/creamy color and can sometimes look quite translucent.
- Compared to ant’s termite’s antennae are completely straight rather than bent.
How to Get Rid of Termite Attack?
If you feel that hiring a professional for Termite treatment is costly and wants to do it yourself (DIY). Then following are some DIY tips to control termite attack.
1) Expose Damaged Furniture or Wood in Sunlight
Termites are by nature like moist and dark conditions to live. So, if you put your damaged or termite infected furniture in sunlight, they will die by the heat of the sun. This method removes moisture from wood furniture and makes them dry so it creates an unfavorable condition for the growth of termites in house.
2) Wooden Box Trap
You can also use the trap to catch the termites in house who are hiding deep into the wood. Take one box made of cellulose and has a woody smell. Apply extra water to make it moist that is a favorable condition for termites. Termite like cellulose and woody smell that termite can’t resist. Within few hours termite will run of deep holes and enter the wooden box. Once all termites came out lift the box and take outside and then burn it to kill termites in house.
3) By Spraying Boric Acid
Termites in house don’t like the boric acid smell. Prepare borax acid and water solution and spray it on termite affected are of wood. Multiple applications can be done to treat all termites in the wood. This method is non-toxic to humans.
4) By Using Parasitic Nematodes
Parasitic nematodes are like small worms that enter into termite larvae and kill them within 2 days. It is generally available in a local nursery or you can buy them from online stores. This is an effective way of termite in house treatment.
5) By Giving Oil Treatment to Wood
Orange and neem oil are very effective in termites in house treatment. Orange is a proven termite killer because they have a compound called d-limonene and can easily kill termites when they come in contact. On the other hand, neem oil also works well when termite eats it. Apply the number of spray-on affect areas to see satisfactory results.
Best Termite Treatment Spray Available Online
- Bifen I/T Insecticide – Kills ground termites plus over 75 types of other pests.
- Martin’s IGR Concentrate – Recommended mostly for use indoors.
- Eco-Friendly Living Essentria IC3 Pro Insect Killer – Ideal natural option.
- Talstar Pro Insecticide – Well-known relief and protection against termite infestation.
- Permethrin SFR – Eliminates termites with the natural extract.
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