Geotextiles Fabrics

What Is Geotextile | 3 Types of geotextiles | Geotextiles Application | Characteristics of Geotextiles | What Is Geotextiles Fabric | Advantages and Disadvantages of Geotextiles8 min read

What Is Geotextiles?

Geotextiles are synthetic and permeable materials used in civil construction systems for improved soil characteristics. Geotextiles make poor soils more suitable for construction, as they have the capability to separate, filter, reinforce, cover, and drain the soil.

What Is Geotextile | 3 Types of geotextiles | Geotextiles Application | Characteristics of Geotextiles | What Is Geotextiles Fabric | Advantages and Disadvantages of Geotextiles
What Is Geotextiles

Geotextiles are helpful in lots of infrastructure works such as roads, landfills, ports, drainage structures, and other civil engineering projects.


Types of Geotextiles

Geotextiles are made from polymers such as polypropylene and polyester. They are divided into three categories according to their manufacturing process:

  1. Woven fabric
  2. Nonwoven fabric
  3. Knitted fabric

1. Woven Fabric Geotextiles

What Is Geotextiles| Types of geotextiles | Application of Geotextile | Characteristics of Geotextiles | What Is Geotextiles Fabric | Advantages and Disadvantages of Geotextiles
Woven Geotextiles

Woven fabric geotextiles are the most common, and their manufacturing technology is similar to that of clothing fabrics. This type of geotextile is made from parallel threads or two sets of threads.

2. Nonwoven Fabric

What Is Geotextiles| Types of geotextiles | Application of Geotextile | Characteristics of Geotextiles | What Is Geotextiles Fabric | Advantages and Disadvantages of Geotextiles
Non-Woven Geotextiles

Nonwoven geotextiles are made of continuous yarn fibers or shortstaple fibers. They relate to thermal, chemical, or mechanical approaches or a combination of techniques.

3. Knitted Fabric

What Is Geotextiles| Types of geotextiles | Application of Geotextile | Characteristics of Geotextiles | What Is Geotextiles Fabric | Advantages and Disadvantages of Geotextiles
Knitted Geotextiles

Knitted geotextiles are made by interlocking a series of yarn rounds together. These geosynthetics are created by combining the weaving approach with other techniques such as weaving.

Read More: What Is Soil Stabilization | Soil Stabilization Methods | Types of Soil Stabilization


Application of Geotextile

The following are the major geotextiles applications,

Uses of Geotextile In Construction

The scope of geotextiles in the engineering field is indeed huge. The use of geo fabric is given under the heading Nature of Work.

Road Work

Geotextiles are commonly used in road construction. It strengthens the soil by adding tensile strength. It is used as a rapid water level in roadbeds, geo-textiles fabric need to preserve their permeability without losing their individual functions.

Railway Works

Woven or nonwoven fabrics are used to separate the soil from the subsoil where the ground is unstable, without impeding the rotation of the groundwater.

Covering the individual layers with fabric prevents the material from straying from the edge due to shocks and vibrations from moving trains.

Agriculture

It is used for sludge control. To enhance muddy paths and trails used by cattle or light traffic, nonwoven fabrics are used and folded by overlaying to contain a mass of pipe or grit.

Drainage

The use of geotextiles for soil filtration and more or less singlesized granular materials to transport water is seen as a technically and commercially feasible alternative to conventional systems.

Geofabrics perform the filtering process in earth dams, roads and highways, reservoirs, retaining walls, deep drainage ditches, and drainage in agriculture.

River, Canals, and Coastal Works

Geotextiles cover river banks from erosion caused by currents or lapping. When used in convergence with natural or artificial encapsulation, they act as a filter.

Read More: Black Cotton Soil | Black Cotton Soil Properties | Types of Foundation In Black Cotton Soil


Function of Geotextile

Separation

  • The separation porous geotextile layers are placed between the two different or dissimilar materials so that the functioning of two different materials can remain intact or can be improved.
  • Separation is used in transportation applications for preventing the intermixing of two adjacent layers of soil.
  • The geotextile layer is used as a separator for the fine sub-grade soil from the fine aggregate of the base course. Also, the geotextiles have preserved the strength of the aggregate and drainage.
  • Geotextile separators are used for all types of roads, different types of foundations, and base levels of structure.
  • Also, Geofabrics are preventing the premature failure of the structure, and separators prevent the pumping effect which is created by dynamic load and provide passage for water while retaining the soil particles.

Some areas were used for separation purposes,

  • Between paved and unpaved roads.
  • Used for an airfield.
  • Between subgrade and stone base.
  • Between landfills and stone course.
  • Between sand drainage layers and geomembranes.
  • Beneath Sidewalks slabs.
  • Beneath Curb Areas.
  • Beneath parking lots.
  • Beneath sports and athletic fields

Filtration

  • Filtration is the equilibrium textile layer to the soil, that allows the proper water flow with minimum loss of soil across the plane of geotextile.
  • The material of filtration can be either nonwoven or woven type, which is permitted the water passage while retaining soil particles.
  • Infiltration action, permeability, and porosity are the major properties of geotextile, and geotextile warping application is used for both vertical and horizontal drains. also, this warping application is used for the replacement of graded aggregate.

Reinforcement

  • This is the synergistic improvement in the total system strength created by the introduction of a geotextile into the soil and developed primarily through the following three mechanisms,
  • Lateral restraint through interfacial friction between geotextile and soil or aggregate.
  • Membrane types of support of the wheel load.
  • Potential bearing surface failure plane forcing to the development at the alternate higher shear strength surface.
  • In the above method, the structural stability of the soil is greatly improved by the tensile strength of the geosynthetic material.
  • This concept is similar to plain concrete with steel. Since concrete is weak in tension reinforcing steel is used for strengthening purposes.
  • Geosynthetic material is functioning similarly to the reinforcing steel by providing strength that helps to hold the soil in that place.
  • A geogrid or geotextiles are in provide reinforcement for allowing embankments and roads to be built over very weak soils and allowing steeper embankments to be built.
  • This arrangement is similar to that of reinforced concrete with steel. Since concrete is weak in tension, reinforcing steel is used to strengthen it. Geosynthetic materials function in a similar manner as the reinforcing steel by providing strength that helps to hold the soil in place.
  • The reinforcement is providing for geotextiles and geogrids, that is allow the embankment and roads to be built over weak soils and allow for the construction of the steeper embankment.

Sealing Function

  • The nonwoven type geotextile is performing this function when impregnated with asphalt or polymeric mix rendering, it is relatively impermeable to both planes such as in-plane and cross-plane flow.
  • The nonwoven geotextile membranes are placed on the existing surface of the pavement.
  • The geotextile absorbs the asphalt to become a waterproofing membrane.
  • That is minimizing the vertical flow of water into the pavement structure.

Read More: SBC of Soil | Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil | Minimum SBC of Soil for Construction


Characteristics of Geotextiles

The following geotextile characteristics are described,

Physical Properties of Geotextiles

  • Specific Gravity
  • Weight
  • Thickness
  • Density

Mechanical Properties of Geotextiles

  • Tensile Strength
  • Bursting Strength
  • Tenacity
  • Drapability
  • Compatibility
  • Flexibility
  • Tearing Strength
  • Frictional Resistance
  • Porosity

Hydraulic properties of Geotextiles

  • Porosity
  • Permittivity
  • Permeability
  • Transitivity
  • Turbidity or Soil retention
  • Filtration Length
  • Permittivity

Degradation Properties of Geotextiles

  • Biodegradation
  • Hydrolytic degradation
  • Photodegradation
  • Chemical Degradation
  • Mechanical Degradation
  • Another Degradation occurs due to attacks of termites, rodents, etc.

Endurance Properties

  • Elongation
  • Abrasion Resistance
  • Clogging Length and Flow

Advantages of Geotextiles

  • They are light in weight which makes them easy to handle and place.
  • The transportation and labor cost is less in real terms.
  • Knitted fabrics have high incision strength.

Disadvantages of Geotextiles

  • Installation of geotextiles is critical and requires specialist contactors.
  • These can delay seed germination due to low soil temperature.
  • It has maximum flow rates.
  • The base is not suitable for traffic areas.

FAQs:

What are the types of Geotextiles?

Geotextiles are made from polymers such as polypropylene and polyester. They are divided into three categories according to their manufacturing process:
Woven fabric
Nonwoven fabric
Knitted fabric

What is the Application of Geotextile?

Uses of Geotextile in Construction
Road Work
Railway Works
Agriculture
Drainage
River, Canals, and Coastal Works

What are the advantages of Geotextile?

  • They are light in weight which makes them easy to handle and place.
  • The transportation and labor cost is less in real terms.
  • Knitted geotextiles have high incision strength.
  • what is geotextile fabric?

    Geotextiles are synthetic and permeable materials used in civil construction systems for improved soil characteristics. Geotextiles make poor soils more suitable for construction, as they have the capability to separate, filter, reinforce, cover, and drain the soil.

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    Post Contents What Is Geotextiles?Types of Geotextiles1. Woven Fabric Geotextiles2. Nonwoven Fabric3. Knitted FabricApplication of GeotextileUses of Geotextile In ConstructionRoad WorkRailway WorksAgricultureDrainageRiver, Canals, and Coastal WorksFunction of GeotextileSeparationFiltrationReinforcementSealing FunctionCharacteristics of …

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