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**What Is Sieve Analysis?**

**Sieve Analysis Test of Sand** is done to check the **gradation **of sand particles. **Sand particle** distribution in sand **volume **is important for **good quality concrete **and mortar.

In this test, the **sand sample** is **passed** through a series of **IS sieve sizes** ordered from **bigger to **smaller sizes at the bottom. A **sand particle** having a **respective size **is retained on a **sieve **and then the weight of **sand **retained on each **IS Sieve** is **taken**.

Then **% of sand r**etained on each** IS Siev**e is calculated which shows the **particle size distribution** in the sand **sample**.

**Read More: Silt Content Test of Sand – Procedure & Result**

## Sieve Analysis Test

The **sieve analysis **test of sand is carried out to find **different **particle sizes available in a particular **sand sample.**

**Aim**

**To determine the Particle Size Distribution of Sand samples.**

**Apparatus for Sieve Analysis Test**

**Sieves as per IS standards (sieve 10mm, 4.75mm, 2.36mm, 1.18mm, 600µ, 300µ, 150µ)****Mechanical sieve shaker****Dry oven****Weighing scale**

## IS Sieve Sizes

**The following IS sieve sizes were used for the test,**

**10 mm****4.75 mm****2.36 mm****1.18 mm****600 micron****300 micron****150 micron****PAN**

## Sieve Analysis **Test Procedure**

**The following is the test procedure for the sieve analysis test of sand,**

Take the **required **amount of aggregate sample (for a sand (fine aggregate) **minimum **of 0.5kg **sample **is required.

Arrange the **required **no of sieves as per the **contract **or **job requirement **in a descending manner. (i.e. keep the **sieve **having the largest **size opening** at the top and the **smallest size opening **at the bottom)

**Sieve Arrangement –** At Top 10mm, 4.75mm, **2.36mm, 1.18mm, 600µ**, 300µ, 150µ at Bottom and Last Pan)

**Place **the sieve set on the **mechanical shaker **and shake **vigorously **for at least **2 minutes.**

Then **measure **the weight of **aggregate** **retained **on each sieve and **express **it as the percentage of **passing**.

Now **compare **these values with the **recommendation **values to know whether it **falls** within the range or not. If not come within the desired **gradation**, then take the **necessary **action to **make** the sand well **graded**.

**The grading limit of sand (fine aggregate) is given below.**

## Sieve Analysis Calculation Table

Sieve Size | % of Passing | % of Passing | % of Passing | % of Passing |

Zone – I | Zone -II | Zone -III | Zone – IV | |

10 mm | 100 | 100 | 100 | 100 |

4.75 mm | 90-100 | 90-100 | 90-100 | 95-100 |

2.36 mm | 60-95 | 75-100 | 85-100 | 95-100 |

1.18 µ | 30-70 | 55-90 | 75-100 | 90-100 |

600 µ | 15-34 | 35-59 | 60-79 | 80-100 |

300 µ | 5-20 | 8-30 | 12-40 | 15-50 |

150 µ | 0-10 | 0-10 | 0-10 | 0-15 |

## Sample Calculation

**Read More: Sand Moisture Content Test – Procedure and Result**

## Sand Sieve Analysis and Fineness Modulus Calculation Excel Sheet:

## Watch Video: Sand Sieve Analysis and Fineness Modulus Determination

## FAQs:

**Sieve Analysis**

**Sieve Analysis Test of Sand** is done to check the gradation of sand particles. Sand particle distribution in sand volume is important for good quality concrete and mortar. In this test, the sand sample is passed through a series of **IS sieve sizes** ordered from **bigger to **smaller sizes at the bottom.

### Sieve Sizes

The following IS sieve size was used for the test,

10 mm

4.75 mm

2.36 mm

1.18 mm

600 micron

300 micron

150 micron

PAN

### Sieve Test

**Sieve Test on Sand** is carried out to check the **gradation of sand particles.** Sand particle distribution in sand volume is important for good quality concrete and mortar.** In this test,** the sand sample is passed through a series of IS sieve sizes ordered from bigger to smaller sizes at the bottom.

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