# Sieve Analysis Of Sand: Procedure, Calculation & Result

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## What Is Sieve Analysis?

Sieve Analysis Test of Sand is done to check the gradation of sand particles. Sand particle distribution in sand volume is important for good-quality concrete and mortar.

In this test, the sand sample is passed through a series of IS sieve sizes ordered from bigger to smaller sizes at the bottom.

A sand particle having a respective size is retained on a sieve and then the weight of sand retained on each IS Sieve is taken.

Then % of sand retained on each IS Sieve is calculated which shows the particle size distribution in the sand sample.

Sieve analysis test of sand is an important test that is commonly used in the construction industry to determine the suitability of sand for different applications.

The test results can help to determine the grading of sand and its suitability for use in concrete, mortar, and other construction applications.

Read More: Silt Content Test of Sand – Procedure & Result

## Sieve Analysis Test

The sieve analysis test of sand is carried out to find different particle sizes available in a particular sand sample.

## Aim

To determine the Particle Size Distribution of Sand samples.

## Apparatus for Sieve Analysis Test

• Sieves as per IS standards (sieve 10mm, 4.75mm, 2.36mm, 1.18mm, 600Âµ, 300Âµ, 150Âµ)
• Mechanical sieve shaker
• Dry oven
• Weighing scale

## IS Sieve Sizes

The following IS sieve sizes were used for the test,

• 10 mm
• 4.75 mm
• 2.36 mm
• 1.18 mm
• 600 micron
• 300 micron
• 150 micron
• PAN

## Sieve Analysis Test Procedure

The following is the test procedure for the sieve analysis test of sand,

Take the required amount of aggregate sample (for a sand (fine aggregate) minimum of 0.5kg sample is required.

Arrange the required no of sieves as per the contract or job requirement in a descending manner. (i.e. keep the sieve having the largest size opening at the top and the smallest size opening at the bottom)

Sieve Arrangement – At Top 10mm, 4.75mm, 2.36mm, 1.18mm, 600Âµ, 300Âµ, 150Âµ at Bottom and Last Pan)

Place the sieve set on the mechanical shaker and shake vigorously for at least 2 minutes.

Then measure the weight of aggregate retained on each sieve and express it as the percentage of passing.

Now compare these values with the recommendation values to know whether it falls within the range or not.

If not come within the desired gradation, then take the necessary action to make the sand well graded.

The grading limit of sand (fine aggregate) is given below.

## Sample Calculation

Read More: Sand Moisture Content Test – Procedure and Result

## Conclusion:

In conclusion, sieve analysis of sand is a vital procedure for determining the particle size distribution of sand particles, by using a series of sieve with different openings, a representative sample of sand is sieved, and the amount retained on each sieve is measured, the data obtained is then used to calculate the percentage of sand within specific size fraction.

The sieve analysis procedure provides essential information about the grading and suitability of sand for various application, it aids in understanding important properties such as porosity, compact ability and permeability, which is crucial in field like civil engineering and construction.

The calculation of cumulative percentage of passing particles and the plotting of a grain size distribution curve, the result of sieve analysis visually represents the particle size distribution of the sand sample.

Overall, sieve analysis of sand is fundamental techniques which enables accurate assessment of particle size distribution, facilitating informed decision regarding the selection and use of sand in diverse industries.

## FAQs:

### What is sieve analysis of sand?

Sieve analysis of sand is a method used to determine the particle size distribution of sand. It involves passing a sample of sand through a series of sieves with progressively smaller openings to separate the sand particles into different size fractions.

### Why is sieve analysis of sand important?

Sieve analysis of sand is important because it helps in understanding the grading and particle size distribution of the sand. This information is crucial for various applications, such as construction, concrete mix design, and soil mechanics.

### What is the result of sieve analysis of sand?

The result of sieve analysis of sand is usually presented in the form of a sieve analysis graph or table, which shows the percentage of sand retained on each sieve. This information helps in determining the particle size distribution of the sand and classifying it according to standard grading limits.

### Are there any standard grading limits for sand?

Yes, there are standard grading limits for sand based on its particle size distribution. These limits vary depending on the intended use of the sand. For example, in construction, sand is often classified into different types, such as fine sand, medium sand, and coarse sand, based on specific grading limits.

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