What Are Hardwood Trees?
Hardwood tree means that leaves are falling off in autumn season and through spring season tree remains leave less, also the hardwood produces a nut and fruit and often dormant in the winter season.
Almost all the hardwood trees are flowering shrubs and tree and this tree contain a cell that conducts thick fiber cells, tightly packed fiber (dense fiber cells wood), and conduct water.
The hardwood tree density is always higher than softwood trees like pine, fir, Douglas, and some more, also harvested hardwood wood is expensive and generally, these hardwood trees are useful for making decks, cladding, and furniture.
The Hardwood tree is best for high–strength structural applications like joists, lintel, beams, and bearers and the natural durability of trees makes them ideal for external applications as well as interior stairs furniture and interior flooring.
This hardwood is highly recyclable due to its long ground life with some indigenous hardwood species, like a black wood, red gum, jarrah, etc,
Types of Hardwood Trees
The following given types of hardwood trees,
- Ash Hardwood Tree
- Beech Hardwood Tree
- Birch Hardwood Trees
- Black Walnut Hardwood Tree
- Black Cherry Hardwood Tree
- Elm Hardwood Tree
- Cottonwood Hardwood Tree
- Magnolia Hardwood Tree
- Holly Hardwood Tree
- Maple Hardwood Tree
- Polar Hardwood Tres
- Oak Hardwood Tree
- Red Alder Hardwood Tree
- Sweetgum Hardwood Tree
- Tupelo Hardwood Tree
Here, the above-mentioned Hardwood trees list is briefly discussed,
Ash Hardwood Tree
Ash trees are generally deciduous and also available in large to medium sizes. This tree grows in the springtime through the starting summer month and contains seeds called a key or helicopter seeds and them fruit called a samara also the two most common types are included ash hardwood such as a White ash hardwood and Green ash hardwood.
Beech Hardwood Trees
These Beech hardwood trees grow slowly are deciduous and can grow 300 to 400 years old, and can reach up to 50 to 80 feet in the lengthwise direction this tree is mostly found in the eastern United States.
The beech tree has a smooth appearance, with a light gray color, the tree is looking quite attractive, and these hardwood trees are commonly found on the school campuses, parks, cemeteries, and parks.
Also, the beech trees have dark green leaves and smooth barks, and they can grow in altitudes up to 3300feet. When if you find initials carved into a tree, then it is likely to be a beech tree.
Birch Hardwood Trees
The birch trees consist of large shrubs and this a small or medium in size, found mostly in northern temperature climates in areas like North America, birch trees have leaves, and Europe.
In North America, there are mainly four types of birch hardwood trees, which include,
- River Birch Hardwood Tree or Black Birch Hardwood Trees: These types of birch trees have rough bark.
- Yellow Birch Hardwood Trees: These types of trees are mostly found in the United States.
- Paper birch Hardwood Trees: These types of trees are the most common type of hardwood.
- Sweet birch Hardwood Trees: These trees are native to the Appalachian region.
Black Cherry Hardwood Trees
Black Cherry trees are deciduous and shed their leaves before becoming dormant in the wintertime, and this includes black cherry trees also called Mountain black cherry trees or Rum cherry trees. These trees have beautiful flowers and fruits.
Black Walnut Hardwood Trees
This Black Walnut Hardwood Trees Consist of 21 different species and include the butternut, Arizona Walnut, Black Walnut, and different two species in the State of California. They required a lot of sun and riparian zones around rivers, and creeks.
But the main problem is black walnut trees often release chemicals into the ground soil which kill other plants, and you often see yellowing plants near the trees and dead plants.
These black walnut trees are deciduous trees that include hard-shelled nuts, large and leave that are either serrated or toothed their barks are generally in dark color and the nuts range from round to oval in shape according to the specific species.
These Cottonwood Trees get their name due to seeds which are covered in a fluffy white covering, they like wet areas or conditions because they are more sturdy to withstand the elements. The most common types of cottonwood trees are found in Fremont Cottonwood, Black, and Eastern.
Generally, the cottonwood trees include paper, plywood, and storage boxes, this cottonwood trees commonly have yellowish-green barks and leaves which are triangular in shape.
Elm Hardwood Trees
These Elm Hardwood Trees are semi–deciduous and deciduous and include American, Rock elm trees, and Slippery. They have asymmetrical, toothed shape leaves and fruit that are either winged drupe or key, including plums, almonds, and cherries.
Also, these Elm hardwood trees can get up to 120 feet width-wise and 200 feet in height-wise direction, so they are large in size, also makes ornamental trees and perfect shades.
Holly Hardwood Trees
Holly Hardwood Tree is one type of Oaktree that include more than 450 species, Climbers, Consisting of Shrubs, and deciduous trees.
Some Special types of holly trees grow up to 82feet in height, also these trees have glossy leaves and red berries which make them perfect for Christmas decoration purposes in the winter season.
Magnolia Hardwood Trees
These Magnolia Hardwood Trees consist of dark, green leaves, large and beautiful off–white and white color blooms which are very eye–catching and aromatic and that aroma is mostly noticeable in the summer season.
Also, the Magnolia trees consist of a fruit like a cone or aggregate kind shape and are very common in the southeastern region of the US.
Maple Hardwood Trees
Maple Hardwood Trees consist of Black, chalk, canyon, striped, mountain, and rocky mountain maple trees, They are small in size, with showy flowers which create clusters and fruit grows in the spring season.
These maple hardwood trees are noticeable due to their redbuds and red stems for catching people’s attention.
Oak Hardwood Trees
Oak trees can be divided into two main categories namely Red Oaks and White Oaks, they live long life approx 100 years, and get up to 100 feet in a height–wise direction, also it takes 6 to 18 months to completely mature. The Oak trees include 400 species worldwide and 76 types in North America.
Polar Hardwood Trees
This Polar type hardwood is found in the Northern Hemisphere and the poplar trees consist of 35 natural species the most common type of hardwoods are black cottonwood, quaking aspen, balsam poplars, and eastern cottonwood, which is quite large in size. The aspen tree is the most common type of poplar tree.
Red Alder Hardwood Trees
These Red Alder Hardwood Trees are deciduous trees that are native to the western United States, and those trees have bars that are scraped or bruised and that are often a brown–reddish colorway giving it name Red alder hardwood.
The red alders are quite tall such as 105 feet in height, the leaves can get 6 inches in length and they have cone-like dry fruit, also the red alders are used for making furniture, cabinetries, etc.
Sweetgum Hardwood trees
The Sweetgum trees get up to 130 feet in height and the colors of leaves are yellow-orange, and bright red which makes them striking trees, and its fruit is called a gumball.
This Sweetgum hardwood smells are great and have 15 various Species and deciduous trees which are both used for an ornamental reason and in the wood industries.
Tupelo Hardwood Trees
Tupelo Trees are also called Pepperidge trees, these hardwood trees contain only 10 species and they can be found in Mainland China, Eastern Tibet, and North America.
You May Also Like:
- Which Is Best Wood For Furniture | 8 Types of Wood For Funiture | Types of Wood Furniture
- Difference Between Wood and Timber | What Is Wood | What Is Timber | What Is Lumber
- Seasoning of Timber | Seasoning of Wood | Timber Seasoning | Natural Seasoning of Timber | Artificial Seasoning of Timber
- What Is PVC Flooring | Types of PVC Flooring | PVC Tiles | Plastic Flooring | Advantages & Disadvantages of PVC Flooring
- How To Remove Mold From Wood | How To Clean Mold Off Wood | How To Kill Mold On Wood
- How to Remove Stain from Wood (Best 9 DIY Tips & Tricks)