Batching of Concrete: Methods & Types

Batching of concrete, a fundamental step in construction, involves precise measurement and mixing of ingredients to ensure a consistent and strong end product. This introduction explores the basics of concrete batching, where materials like cement, sand, and water are carefully combined.

While working on construction site, understanding the process is crucial for achieving desired strength and durability in concrete structures. In this article learn about critical steps involved in batching concrete, providing a foundation for successful construction projects and reliable structures.

What Is Batching of Concrete?

Batching of Concrete stands for the method of estimating and mixing the required concrete ingredients with both weight or volume according to the mix design and transplanting them into the mix to create a consistent quality of concrete.

Batching of Concrete is usually done with volume. Precision is very important in batching. It is better to do weight batching instead of volume batching. Before making a concrete mixture, the concrete material must be properly and accurately batched or proportioned to achieve excellent quality of the concrete.

Concrete Batching helps improve the practicality of concrete to achieve a smooth surface of concrete and increase the speed of construction and reduce the wastage of concrete components. Thus, batch-making of concrete components is an essential process when making concrete

Read more: Recycled Concrete Aggregate (Crushed Concrete) – Cost, Pros & Cons

Methods Of Batching Concrete

Following the three types of batching of concrete

1. Random volumetric batching
2. volumetric batching
3. Weigh batching of concrete

1. Random Volumetric Concrete Batching

Devoid of any control over the size and shape of the applied containers causing major disturbances and deviation numbers. This method is completely unscientific, and unsophisticated, and should not be recommended even for a small project.

2. Proper Volumetric Batching

Volume batching of concrete is accomplished with the use of a measurement box, locally named “farma or gauge”. Concrete components such as aggregates (Karachi + sand) and cement are calculated with farms or gauge boxes and proper precaution must be taken to ensure that the form of the gauge box is excessively filled.

To calculate the amount of water, a water meter should be used when there is a certain amount of water cans or uses.

Random and Proper Volumetric Batching
Volumetric Batching

3. Weigh Batching of Concrete

Weigh Batching of Concrete is accomplished by using a batch wet batch or a weighting system. On large projects, automated batching plants are set up to facilitate the optimization of quality and uniformity.

Water is a very important material and therefore, maximum water should be used for batching. If the amount of water is small, the performance of the concrete will be interrupted while the surplus water will reduce the strength of the concrete. Water must be fully calculated in liters.

Automatic Weigh Batching of Concrete
Weigh Batching of Concrete

Read More: Site Mix Concrete Vs Ready Mix Concrete – Which is Better

Various Factors Affecting the Choice of Batching system

The following factor affects the choice of the batching system:

  1. Job size: The choice of method of batching concrete depends on how big is the work to be done with the method of batching.
  2. Concrete production rate: It depends on the required concrete production rate per house or day.
  3. Accuracy of weight measurement and based on standard batching performance
  4. Weighing batches operate electronically or mechanically.
  5. Nowadays electronic weight batches are more trending than mechanical weight batches, but some plants still use mechanical weight batches to serve as backups for electronic weight batches.
  6. Mechanical weight batches have dial-type scales that use a spring to measure the weight of concrete components. Electronic weight batches have electronic scales that are suspended by load cells that convert force into a measurable electrical quantity. The load cell is supported by hoppers, tanks, or other vessels that convert the stress to an electrical signal. Electronic scales measure accurately and often do not require repair.
  7. Electronic weighing batches are available in various types. Depending on the type of batch plant, weight batches should be used i.e., high-silo, low-profile, or underground batch plant. The batches may be stationary individuals that are not moving while weighing, or they may be non-stationary batches that weigh as transport materials.

Types of Concrete Batching Plants

Following the types of concrete batching plants:

  1. Manual Weight Batching.
  2. Semi-Automatic Weigh Batching.
  3. Fully Automatic Weigh Batching.

1. Manual Weigh Batching

In manual batching, all solid ingredients are weighed manually. Manual-weight batching systems can be used for small jobs.

Manual Batching of Concrete
Manual Weigh Batching

2. Semi-Automatic Weigh Batching

In semi-automatic weight batching, aggregate bin gates are opened by manually operated switches, and the gates are automatically closed when the material has been delivered.

Semi-Automatic Weigh Batching of Concrete
Semi-Automatic Weigh Batching

3. Fully Automatic Weigh Batching

It is an automated tool for batching concrete materials, requiring qualified and experienced engineers. These systems have automated microprocessor-controlled batching systems. Not only are the aggregates batch in the correct proportions but their moisture is also measured automatically and necessary corrective action must be taken so that the mixture has the desired stability

Fully Automatic Weigh Batching of Concrete
Fully Automatic Weigh Batching

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