Standard Brick Size & Dimension In India

Introduction To Bricks

The standard size and dimension of a brick can vary depending on the country and region, but a common standard size for a rectangular clay brick used in construction is 215mm x 102.5mm x 65mm (8.5 inches x 4 inches x 2.5 inches).

This size is commonly referred to as a modular brick or a standard-size brick. The exact size and dimension of bricks can also vary depending on the manufacturer and the intended use of the brick.

Some bricks may be larger or smaller or may have different proportions to meet specific building requirements.

It is important to consult local building codes and the manufacturer’s specifications to determine the appropriate size and dimension of bricks for a particular construction project.

Bricks are one of the most utilized and essential building construction materials. The standard brick Size is used to construct a masonry wall that is relatively durable and strong in nature.

They are very popular from the olden days to the modern days because of their low cost and durability.

Traditionally, the construction bricks were manufactured from clay soil. The bricks have a long history in past going

as far as 5000 BC. It is utilized by ancient technology used by Roman, Egyptian, and Indian civilizations.

The term brick refers to small units of building material, often made from fired clay and fixed in position by using mortar, a bonding agent comprising cement, sand, and water.

Brick Masonry - What Is Standard Size of Brick In India?
Brick Masonry

Read More: 30+ Types of Bricks used in Construction


Importance of Brick

The following points show the importance of bricks in building construction,

  1. Fire Protection: Bricks are not very easily affected by fire or catch fire quickly. Bricks made from clay has fire resistance up to 2000 degree Fahrenheit.
  2. Wind Protection: Houses constructed from bricks are stronger to resist wind force acting on them during Strom compared to fiber and vinyl materials. According to a recent study, brick can bear wind force of more than 80 mph.
  3. Moisture Control: If bricks are made from the ideal combination of clay, head, and water then they prove to be the best in moisture control in the house.
  4. Minimum Waste: As the bricks are made from a natural clay material that can be reused causes minimum waste.

Brick Orientation

Brick is an element of three-dimension which are length, height, and width which also refer to thickness.

Although brick is three-dimensional, it can be laid in six different orientations.

When the brick is placed on its stretcher, height, and length are exposed which is called face dimension.

Brick Orientation - What Is Standard Size of Brick In India?
Brick Orientation

Brick Standard Dimension and Size

It is important to learn about what are the standard size of a brick. To avoid confusion during design and construction, it is important to know about the different dimensions.

Different Dimensions of Bricks

  1. Specified dimensions.
  2. Nominal dimensions
  3. Actual dimensions.
Brick Dimensions- What Is Standard Size of Brick In India?
Brick Dimensions

1. Specified  Dimensions

  • A specified dimension is defined as the dimensions of brick without consideration of mortar.
  • In the rational design of brick masonry, structural engineers used them.
  • Only specified dimensions are used in non-modular construction if the absence of corresponding nominal dimensions.

2. Nominal Dimensions

  • In modular construction, nominal dimensions of bricks are used.
  • It is the specified size plus the width of the mortar joint.
  • These dimensions produce modules of 4 in. or 8 in. “,
  • The building materials such as doors, windows, and wood components have same the modules, which have bricks’.

3. Actual Dimensions

  • The actual dimension is defined as the measurement of bricks that is getting from the manufacturing plant of bricks.
  • The actual dimensions are within a tolerance of the specified size or dimensions.
  • Variation of tolerance is depending upon the type and size of bricks.
  • Tolerance is given by the applicable ASTM standard specifications, such as those in ASTM C216, Standard Specification for Facing Brick, and C652, Standard Specification for Hollow Brick.

Read More: 14 Types of Brick Bond and Their Advantages


Standard Size of Brick In India

Standard Size of Bricks
Standard Brick Size

Standard Size of Brick In India: 19 × 9 × 9 cm and 19 × 9 × 4 cm is the standard size of Brick which is also known as modular brick.

19 × 9 × 9 cm brick, when placed in masonry with mortar, it becomes 20 × 10 × 10 cm which is the size of a brick with mortar.

The standard size of Brick in mm is 190 x 90 x 90 mm (Length x Width X Thickness)

Standard Brick Dimensions Inches is  7.48 In X 3.54 In X 3.54 In (Length x Width X Thickness)

However, in most parts of the country, the bricks available still are 9″×4”× 3” also known as field bricks. The weight of such a brick is 3.0 kg.

The frog is provided in brick. The Purpose behind providing frogs is to form a key, to hold the mortar, so the bricks are laid with frogs on top of size 10 × 4 × 1 cm.

  • For 4 cm high bricks and extruded bricks, the frog is not provided.
  • The shape of brick is rectangular; it can be conveniently handled with one hand.
  • The length, width, and height of the brick are as given below:
  • The length of a brick is equal to twice the width of the brick plus the thickness of the mortar

Height of brick = width of the brick

Different Types of Bricks and Their Standard Size In India

The followings are some standard brick types and Their standard size in India.

  1. Modular bricks
  2. Non-modular bricks
  3. English size bricks
  4. Conventional bricks
Bricks Dimensions - What Is Standard Size of Brick In India?
Bricks Dimensions

1. Modular Bricks

The Brick along with cement mortar joints is called Modular brick,

The standard size of brick in India, 190 mm × 90 mm × 90 mm, is The standard modular size of common building  brick with specifications (length × breadth × height)

These are machine-made bricks.

2. Non-Modular Bricks

230mm × 110mm × 70mm & 230mm × 110mm × 30mm is the size of Non – modular bricks that may be used.

3. English Size Bricks

English-size brick, which is commonly used in India is 230mm × 115mm × 75mm

4. Conventional Bricks

Conventional bricks, which are commonly used in India 230mm × 110mm × 110mm


What Is Frog

What is Frog in Brick
What is Frog in Brick

The Frog is a depression made on the top surface of bricks which is useful for making a strong bond between upcoming layers of bricks.

The Frog Should Be 10 – 20 mm Deep.

It enhances the Brick Bondings with Mortar.

Read More: 7 Brick Test to Decide Quality of Bricks


The Standard Size Of Burnt Clay Bricks

The bricks are made by burning clay in a kiln. The standard size of burnt clay brick has been mentioned in IS Code.

Burnt Clay bricks - What Is Standard Size of Brick In India?
Burnt Clay bricks

1. Heavy Duty Burnt Clay Bricks (IS 2180)

These bricks are similar to burnt clay bricks, and they both have the same size but it has high compressive strength.

Dimension of Heavy Duty Brunt Clay Brick

The following table shows the standard dimension of heavy-duty brunt clay bricks,

Length (mm)Width (mm)Height (mm)
1909090
1909040

The following table shows the maximum permissible tolerance for brick dimensions,

Dimensions (mm)Tolerance of Individual Bricks
190+  4
90+  2
40+  2

2. Heavy Clay Perforated Bricks (IS 2222)

  1. They have cylindrical holes throughout their thickness, high compressive strength, and less water absorption.
  2. The burning of these bricks is easy and economical.
  3. These bricks are also light in weight and require less quantity of clay.
  4. Vertical or horizontal can be the direction of perforations.
  5. These are used in building walls and partition walls.
  6. Larger dimensions should be parallel to the longer side of the brick in case of rectangular perforations.

Dimension: Heavy Clay Perforated Bricks are available in the following sizes.

(i) 190 × 90 × 90 mm. 

(ii) 290×90×90 mm 

Tolerances:

Dimensions  (cm)Tolerances (mm)
290+  10
190+  7
9+  4

3. Burnt Clay Paving Bricks (IS 3583)

These bricks contain more iron content than that ordinary clay bricks.

  • Excessive iron vitrification of bricks is found while burning at a low temperature, which gives a natural glaze to the brick, so which helps to make it more resistant to abrasion

From surface clay, impure fire clay, or shale, paving bricks can be manufactured. For paving bricks, shale is the best raw material. They are burned for seven to ten days continuously in the kiln.

Dimensions: The Standard Dimension of Burnt Clay Paving Bricks or Sizes are

(i) 195 × 95 x 90 mm,  

(ii) 195 × 95 × 40 mm.

Tolerances:

Dimensions  (cm)Tolerances (mm)
195+  6
95+  3
90+  3
40+  1.5

4. Burnt Clay Soiling Bricks (IS 5779)

These are used for solving roads.

Dimension: Burnt Clay Soiling  Bricks are available in the following sizes. (i) 190 × 90 × 90 mm. (ii) 290 × 90 × 40 mm

Conclusion

In conclusion, the standard size and dimension of a brick can vary based on the location and intended use. A common standard size for rectangular clay bricks is 215mm x 102.5mm x 65mm.

When selecting bricks for a construction project, it is important to consider the local building codes and the manufacturer’s specifications.

The size and dimension of bricks can impact the ease of construction, the stability and strength of the building, and the overall appearance of the finished project.

By selecting the appropriate size and dimension of bricks, builders can ensure the success of their construction project and the longevity and durability of the finished structure.

FAQs:

What Is The Standard Size Of Brick In Cm?

The Indian Standard Institution New Delhi has a Specified Standard Brick of 19 cm × 9 cm x 9 cm, With Mortar of 20 cm × 10 cm x 10 cm.

What is The Nominal Size Of The Brick?

The Commonly Adopted Nominal Size Of The Brick is
23 cm × 11.4 cm x 7.4 cm Approximately.

What is the Type of Standard size of Brick?

1. Modular bricks
2. Non-modular bricks
3. English-size bricks
4. Conventional bricks

What Is The Frog?

A dent Provided On The Side Along The Length of The Brick is Known As A Frog.

What Is Brick And Its Classification?

Classification Of Brick On-Field Practice.
Clay Brick Classified :
1. Fast Class
2. Second Class
3. Third Class
4. Fourth Class

Brick Dimensions Inches

Standard Brick Dimensions Inches is 7.48 In X 3.54 In X 3.54 In (Length x Width X Thickness). The standard size of Brick in mm is 190 x 90 x 90 mm (Length x Width X Thickness)

Does the size of a brick vary by region or country?

Yes, the size of a brick can vary by region and country. It is important to consult local building codes and the manufacturer’s specifications to determine the appropriate size of bricks for a specific project.

What is the importance of the dimension of brick in construction?

The dimension of a brick is important in construction because it affects the ease of construction, the stability and strength of the building, and the overall appearance of the finished project.

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2 thoughts on “Standard Brick Size & Dimension In India”

  1. Thsi blog is so informational you give the every single detailed in this article im shocked great article.

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