What Is Road?
A road could be a wide way leading from one place to a different place, typically one with a usually prepared surface which vehicles can use.
The road consists of one or two roadways, each with one, two, or more lanes and related to a path for walking and road verges.
A path for bikes, a road for bicycles, could also be parallel or not with another road. There are various names of roads like highway, parkway, roadway, thoroughfare, street, expressway, carriageway, bypass, lane, etc.
Importance Of Roads In India
- India is a huge country, the economic prosperity of the country depends upon its products and economic transportation to the marketing centres.
- Roads play a crucial role within the defence of our country also cultural progress.
- India may be a country of village, but more attention is given to the roads of national importance than the district or village roads.
- Road makes a giant contribution to economic development and growth and convey important social benefits.
- The roads provides access to employment, social, health, and education services makes a road network in fighting against poverty.
- For overall development of the country, the road infrastructure is more most vital.
Classification of roads is generally supported the subsequent conditions
Classification Of Roads
- According to traffic
- According to transported tonnage
- According to importance
- According to location and performance
The classification of roads supported traffic volume of tonnage have been arbitrily fixed by different agencies and there might not be a standard agreement regarding the bounds for every of classification group.
Based on traffic volume the roads are classified as follows
|Sr.no.||Types of road||Vehicles per day|
|1.||Very heavy traffic roads||Above 600|
|2.||Heavy traffic roads||251 to 600|
|3.||Medium traffic roads||70 to 250|
|4.||Light traffic roads||Below 70|
Low Traffic Roads
- Low traffic roads are the roads which carrying less than 400 vehicles on an average per day is understood as low traffic roads.
- For example- village roads, rural roads.
Medium Traffic Roads
- Medium traffic roads carrying 400 to 1000 vehicles per day on a mean.
- For example – District roads
High Traffic Roads
- High traffic roads carrying quite more than 1000 vehicles per day.
- For example – National highways and State highways.
Classification of roads as per transported tonnage
Supported total tonnage per day, the roads are classified as follows
|Sr.no.||Type of road||Vehicles per day(m3)|
|1.||Very heavy traffic roads||Above 1524|
|2.||Heavy traffic roads||1017 to 1524|
|3.||Medium traffic roads||508 to 1017|
|4.||Light traffic roads||Below 508|
Classification of roads consistent with importance
According to the importance of connecting holy places, major cities, stations of the strategic importance of roads or classified as
- Class I roads
- Class II roads
- Class III roads
- Classification supported location and performance
Nagpur road plan classified the road in India supported location and performance into following
- State Highways (SH)
- Major District Roads (MDR)
- Other District Roads (ODR)
- Village Roads (VR)
Classification Of Roads By Nagpur Road Plan
The various categories of road in keeping with Nagpur Road Plan are as follows
National Highways (NH)
- The National Highways in India square measure a network of trunk roads in hand by the ministry of road transport and highways.
- The responsibility of construction and maintenance of the national highways is on the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (NHIDCL).
- National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) and National Highways and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (NHIDCL) are the nodal agencies chargeable for building, upgrading, and maintaining the National Highways network.
- It works beneath the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.
- The National Highways Development Project (NHDP) plays a vital role to expand and upgrade the network of highways.
- The main highways running through the length and breadth of India, change of integrity major elements, capital of states, large industrial and tourist centres, foreign highways including roads required for strategic movements for the defence of India, etc. are referred to as National Highways.
- National Highways consists of 2.7% of India’s total road network, but carried about 40% of road traffic.
- The existing highways are now of 4 lanes i.e. two lanes in each direction, though most of them is being expected to 6 or more lanes.
- All the National Highways are assigned with the respective numbers.
- Amritsar-Ambala-Delhi Road – NH1
- Delhi-Agra-Kanpur-Kolkata road -NH2
- Agra-Mumbai road -NH3
- Matura-Rameswaram -NH4
- Golden Quadrilateral is that the biggest project of National Highway network connecting most of the most important industrial, agricultural and cultural centers of India.
State Highways (SH)
- The highways linking up with the national highways of adjacent states and major cities and district headquarters are referred to as state highways.
- The network of roads is maintained by state government (regime) in India.
- Public Works Department is managing and constructs the state highways.
- The state highways joins the important cities, towns and district headquarters in the state and connect with National Highways.
- State Highways is additionally referred to as provincial route, state road, provincial road, state route, provincial highway.
- State highway is maintained by sub national highways.
- State highways having width of 7m to 10m.
- It carries um to fast traffic.
- The geometric design specification and design speed for National Highway and State Highway are same.
- The responsibility of construction and maintenance is on the state government and central government gives grant for development.
Major District Roads(MDR)
- The important road with a locality connecting production and markets places with oneanother or with the most highways are referred to as ‘Major District Roads’.
- District authorities and state government gives for grant development.
- Width of district roads is from 5m to 8m.
- District roads carries moderate traffic.
Other District Roads(ODR)
- The roads which connecting market centres, tahsilhead quarters ,train depot in district are referred to as other district roads.
- This roads serving rural areas of production and providing them with outlet to main stations.
- In comparison with the major district roads the design specification of other district roads is low.
- The roads which connecting villages with one another or with nearest roads is understood as ‘Village Roads’.
- From the purpose of view of the agricultural area development these roads are very important.
- Local district authorities have the responsibility of construction and maintenance of village roads.
- They are generally unmetaled with single lane width of stabilized soil or gravels.
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What is Road ?
A road could be a wideway leading from one place to a different place, typically one with a usually prepared surface which vehicles can use.
What are the Importance Of Roads In India
Which are type of road according to Nagpur road plan ?
Major District Road
Other District Road