Construction tools are instruments and equipment used in the building and maintenance of structures and buildings. These tools aid in the efficient and effective completion of construction tasks, ranging from basic hand tools to heavy machinery.
The choice of tools depends on the type of construction project and the preferences of the construction workers. Examples of common construction tools names include hammers, saws, drills, power tools, and measuring instruments.
Construction Tools Names
Some of the important construction tools name are listed below:
1. Measurement Tape
Measuring tapes are the most common construction tool made of ribbon of cloth, fiberglass, or metal with proper linear-measurement markings for easy handling.
Measuring tapes are utilized to measure distance, either short or long. The engineer’s tape is designed to measure vast distances & it can more efficiently be carried in our toolkit or pocket.
A hand tool utilized for smoothing, digging, applying, or moving mortar or concrete is a trowel. Trowels construction tools are categorized into the following types and subtypes;
3. Concrete Mixer
A concrete mixer, frequently termed a cement mixer, is a machine that homogeneously mixes all the concrete ingredients, i.e., cement, aggregate, sand, gravel, and water, to develop good quality concrete.
A standard concrete mixer adopts a revolving drum for mixing the ingredients. This is one of the most important construction tools.
4. Sand Screening Machine
The sand screening machine is one of the important construction tools to improve the quality of the sand on-site.
- In construction work, for sieving the sand, the sand screening machine is in use.
- For more easy separation of fine grain sand, sand is poured on the sieve & vibrates.
- Since only moist sand is available in many constructions, then, in that case, vibratory action is more advantageous.
5. Rubber Boots
Rubber Boots are self-protecting equipment for employers to prevent their skin from chemical or any hazardous contact. It’s a legal obligation of an employer to take conscious steps to decrease the chance of accidents & to reduce the sharpness of injuries & damage if an accident should happen.
Construction workers’ hands are mostly exposed to various distinct hazards at the project site. The glove can protect hands from chemicals, cuts, or burns & helps to do their respective job efficiently.
7. Bump Cutter/Screed
Bump Cutter or Screed is principally made of wood & it is utilized for leveling the fresh concrete and providing a most proper smooth surface in a concrete slab.
8. Wooden Float/wooden Rendering Float
Wooden float construction tools are used to provide a smooth finish to the plastered surface, a wooden float tool is used.
9. Plumb Bob
A plummet, or plumb bob, is simply a weight with a pointed tip on the bottom & hung from a string. It is used as a plumb line, the standard vertical reference line, and one precursor to the spirit level. A plummet is utilized to stabilize a vertical datum.
10. Wheel Barrow
A wheelbarrow acts as a carrier, typically having only one wheel, consisting of a plate bolted to two handles & two legs.
- Wheel Barrow Tool is utilized for the transportation of cement mortar or concrete or any other material.
- In some cases, it is used for measuring the material’s quantity at the site where concrete is being prepared.
11. Head Pan
A Head Pan is used to transport materials like excavated soil, cement, concrete, etc., from one place to another at a working site. The Head Pan is usually made of iron & generally used at construction places.
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A concrete vibrator tool is mostly used at concrete pouring sites. The vibrator is adopted to assure that the pour is free of air bubbles, plus it is equal, which serves to eliminate the honeycombed situation.
The vibrations make the dough liquefy, decreasing the internal friction of the mixed components of cement, sand, aggregate, and water. The standard efficient compaction of concrete can be done by using vibrators with various speeds of vibration.
Following are the different types of concrete vibrators,
- Needle Vibrator
- Extended or Shutter Vibrator
- Surface Vibrator
- Vibrating Table
A) Needle Vibrator
They are the most commonly used vibrator for concrete, which mainly consists of steel tubes.
A needle vibrator is the most suitable choice to work on any concrete.
B) Extended or Shutter Vibrator
The Shutter vibrators are suitably clamped to the formwork horizontally & vertically at a proper spacing in either direction.
The external vibrators are frequently utilized for precast thin in-situ sections of that shape & thickness as internal vibrators can’t compact them.
C) Surface Vibrator
For getting a more leveled & durable concrete surface, a surface vibrator is used to compact the concrete. That surface vibrator is designed to provide optimum vibration and durability and is situated directly on the concrete mass.
These are an excellent choice for the compaction of shallow elements & should not be applied when the depth of concrete to be vibrated is greater than 250 mm.
D) Vibrating Table
A vibrating table is mainly used for precast members like curbstones, concrete pavers, dewatering covers, different fences, sewer covers, etc.
It can 100% discharge the air within the concrete & fasten cement and other material like sand, and stone particle mix; this will provide a greater hardness of the final products, which is ideal.
These are rigidly constructed steel platforms installed on steel springs & driven by electric motors.
The concrete is poured into molds mounted on the platforms & securely clamped to the vibrating table to mold & concrete vibrate in joining.
13. Line Level
Line Level is one of the smaller construction tools used for checking straight horizontal levels in the following mentioned works;
- Plastering work
- Flooring work
- Plumbing work
- Tile work
14. Framing Square
It is generally an L-shaped, two-foot framing square, which is also called a “carpenter’s square” or a “steel square.” That framing square tool is used in plastering work, Brickwork for checking the right angle.
It is also used for marking the angles for cuts used in building framing, especially in stair stringers, roof rafters, and various other cuts or angles apart from 90°
With the help of framing square, some roof measurement data can measure alike:
- Rafter lengths
- Roof pitch or slope
- Stair stringer cuts
- End cuts
- Braces lengths & other construction measurements
15. Crow Bar
A crowbar construction tool is a single metal bar curved at one end used in formwork to remove nails from boards or force apart two objects.
16. Framing Hammer
A framing hammer has a more extended handle, more swing & it has a heavier head than the trim carpentry hammer. It also has a milled face for a better and safer nail-gripping operation.
It has a magnetic edge on the head that permits us to hold & start a nail in with one swing and then come back to drive it in.
Hoe tool construction tools are used to excavate a trench or the earth and are used to place the cement mortar or concrete in the mortar pan (a Mortar pan, also called a head pan).
18. Torpedo Level
Torpedo Level is one of the types of spirit levels that combines framing square and line levels. The level’s body comprises either plastic or metal, and it includes two or three tube vials. The tubes or vials mainly hold yellowish-green additives, and they are used to define the surface level.
Chisel construction tools are commonly practiced in woodwork & this is very beneficial for removing the concrete bumps or wastes of hard concrete, i.e., excess concrete in the hardened surface. This tool has a cutting-edge blade at one end, especially for manual cutting or carving of some hard materials like stone, metal, wood, etc.
20. Cordless Drill
Cordless Drill construction tools are an essential tool that is used to make pilot holes, and replace jumpers (i.e. a unique kind of drill should be implemented while drilling concrete)
21. Safety Glass
Safety Eye Glasses are used for safety purposes while hacking/roughening, grinding, drilling, etc. Getting sand in the eyes is extremely painful plus dangerous. Small sand particles can scratch the eye and can create permanent damage. Wearing safety glasses in those places can protect the eyes from such circumstances.
22. Block Plane / Jack Plane
A jack plane construction tool commonly a woodworking bench plane that is used indoors and window woodwork for dressing timber down to size in preparation for truing and edge jointing.
Polisher construction tools are mainly in use for smoothening wood or marble flooring surfaces.
24. Measuring Box
A container with a standardized volume, i.e., 1 Cubic Foot, and used to measure quantities of cement, sand, aggregate, and mortar for creating a balanced mix of concrete and mortar. It is an important construction tool to measure the proper volume of cement, sand, and aggregate on the construction site.
25. Tile Cutter
A tile cutter is used to cut the tiles at the appropriate size. The tile cutter is helpful when the tile’s standard size is greater than needed at the corners where the floor meets the wall.
26. Earth Rammer
The surface earth rammer is used to level the earth’s surface and make it even after ground excavation. That surface earth rammer consists of a big block of mostly square-shaped located at its bottom end with which the ground can easily be leveled.
27. Vacuum Blower
A vacuum Blower is a tool mainly used to clean surface impurities, i.e., dust from the surface area like a concrete slab or any floor surface.
28. Flat Pry Bar
A Flat Pry Bar tool is made of flat steel (standard dimension 2-inch x 15 inches), and it is used in shuttering for separating any two elements that have been nailed to each other. A flat bar is a valuable tool that is rarely used to adjust the column formwork to align.
29. Digging Bar
A digging bar tool is a straight, long solid metal bar with a pin shape at the bottom which is used for numerous purposes, and they are as follows;
The digging bar tool is used to dig the hard surfaces of the ground.It acts as a post-hole digger for breaking up or loosening hard, compacted materials like rock, soil, concrete, and ice. It also acts as a lever for moving objects.
30. Hand Saw
A hand saw (also called “panel saws”) is used in woodwork for cutting the wood materials like windows, doors, slab panels, etc., into different shapes to join the pieces together & carve a wooden object.
31. Measuring Wheel
Measuring wheels are very simple devices. It consists of a wheel attached to a long handle with a grip. As the wheel turns, it marks the revolving distance, quickly calculating the distance. The flatter and smoother, the surface measuring wheel is moved up, the more accurately it can determine the length.
32. Circular Saw
The spherical saw is for cutting various materials using a rotary motion, rotating around an arbor using a power-toothed or abrasive disc or blade. A hole saw and ring saw also use a rotary motion, but these are different from a circular saw.
Circular saws can also be used loosely for blades. Circular saws were invented in the late 18th century, and saws were in everyday use in the United States until the mid-19th century.
Ladders are portable; some are permanently fixed to a structure, building, or vertical access equipment.
Types Of Ladder
Various Ladder Types are listed below,
- Single Pole Ladders (maximum length 9 meters)
- Extension Ladders (maximum length 15 meters)
- Step Ladders (maximum height of 6.1 meters)
- Dual Purpose Ladders (stepladder hinged)
- Platform (podium) Ladders.
34. Putty Knife
Putty Knife is a thin plate with sharp edges and handles on another side for a strong grip during work. The knife’s flexible blade is 0.51mm or 0.020″ thick. Putty Knives with a Stiff-blade are 1 mm or .040″ thick, suitable for scraping.
A bolster is an instrument used to cut the brick with smooth cuts. For rough cutting of bricks, hammers are used instead of a bolster. Bolster has been handled for holding the grip with a sharp edge for cutting.
36. Boning Rod
A boning rod is a wooden strip arranged in T-shapes to draw parallel and straight lines appropriately with a certain distance. The horizontal stripe is 10mm deep, and the vertical strip is 100mm deep.
37. Brick Hammer
A brick hammer is a hand tool. It is very heavy with a heavy head of metal and handles different types of material like wood, iron, steel, plastic, etc. it is also known as a stonemason’s hammer.
A backhoe is an excavating machine. It is a manually operated machine. It consists of a bucket attached to a rigid bar hinged to a boom and drawn towards the operation device. A backhoe is a large machine used to excavate a large soil amount.
In construction work, a backhoe is a machine that also excavates the soil and is loaded in tracks. The standard backhoe digging bucket sizes are 13″, 18″, 24″, and 36″ including routine teeth.
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39. Binding Hook
A binding hook is a construction instrument used to bind the steel on joints or junctions. The binding Wire is 0.16 mm – 2 mm in diameter. A binding hook is a hook with a handle for grip.
It is made of different materials like wood, metal, etc. Binding weirs ties on joints or junctions of steel grills.
The bulldozer correctly refers to only a tractor with a dozer blade. A bulldozer is a large and heavy piece of equipment with a plate made of metal attached to collect large quantities of soil, sand, snow, rubble, or similar material. Most bulldozer tractors are continuous track, also termed a crawler.
Bulldozers are found in large mines and quarries, large sites, military bases, engineering projects, heavy industry factories, and farms for helping purposes. The bulldozer has primary tools; they are the blade and the ripper.
A bulldozer is available in different sizes in the market, which can be purchased or rented depending on your work requirements for a day or days. It can smoothly perform multiple tasks, making it a very flexible and useful tool to have on-site for work.
41. Bump Cutter/ Screed
A bump Cutter / Screed is usually applied on the concrete surface to make it plain and well-finished.
An instrument used for constructing a flooring system is a screed that brings the floor to the wanted thickness or height and presents it properly for a specified flooring.
The screed can also be categorized as a rehabilitation method. The pre-blended mortar mixed with anhydrite-based binders and the cementitious binders will form the composition of screeds.
42. Core Cutter Machine
Core cutting is a machine used to create an opening for pipes, wires, ventilating, or air conditioning vents to fit through, and to avoid going through reinforcement, core cutting must be carefully planned.
When need to do a core cut, then first locate the rebar using a metal detector, mark the rebar position on the concrete surface, and ensure the main reinforcement bars are not cut to do the core cut by adjusting the location.
43. Dewatering Pump
Dewatering pumps are centrifugal pumps installed below the groundwater level to take out water for water bodies and, this is performed to lower the water level and maintain the same level.
An example of dewatering pumps would be using it in underground mining, where water penetrating the adits is then pumped up to the surface. Its general use is to remove water from a volume of liquid material along with solid material or soil.
Pumps help remove liquid from liquid bodies, whereas dewatering pumps separate water from another material, such as separating water from soil or sludge.
Dozer is another name for bulldozer. The dozer correctly refers to only a tractor with a dozer blade. A dozer is a large and bulky piece of equipment with a plate made of metal attached to collect large quantities of soil, sand, snow, rubble, or similar material. Most dozer tractors are continuous track, also termed a crawler.
This large machine sometimes demands at least 20 people beside an operator to impeccably carry out dozer work. It is moving on the construction site to undertake the task of clearing land, site preparation, tree removal, and forestry effortlessly, quickly, and on time.
45. Drilling Machine
A drilling machine is a material-removing or cutting process in which the tool uses a drill bit to cut a hole of a circular cross-section in-wall, metal, or any solid materials.
It is the most commonly used machining process, which is one estimate is that 75% of all metal cutting material removed comes from the drilling operation.
A dumper is a vehicle designed for carrying bulk material from building sites. Dumpers are different from dump trucks in features. It is an open 4-wheeled vehicle that can skips load in front of the driver whereas the dump truck has its cab in front of the load.
The skip can tip to dump the load; this is where the name dumper comes from. These usually are diesel–powered. Towing eye is fitted for secondary use as a site tractor during work.
47. End Frames
The primary steelwork is consisting columns and rafters to form portal frames and bracing. The end frame is simply a braced arrangement or a portal frame composition of rafters and columns. The light gauge secondary steelwork consists of side rails for walls and purlins for the roof on work.
An excavator is a construction vehicle used to excavate or move large materials like soil, stone, etc. An Excavator comprises two parts driving a powerful boom arm with an attachment designed for excavating.
The excavator uses hydraulic power to generate a hydraulic force to control its mechanical arm. It is also using a chain wheel system for its movement during work.
Uses Of An Excavator
Following are the uses of Excavator,
- It excavates soil during construction work.
- The primary benefits are digging trenches, holes, and foundations, providing the power to do these tasks much more efficiently and effectively than any other heavy equipment piece on the market.
As an industrial vehicle, A forklift is made of a power-operated forked platform firmly attached to the front for raising and lowering goods to insertion under a cargo to lift or move it.
Some Forklifts can allow the operators to sit while driving and operating the machine, while others can require the operator to stand during working on it. It is being used throughout the industry for transporting heavy and large materials and goods.
Mason tools name with picture in English
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