difference between load bearing and framed structure

Difference Between Load Bearing Structure and Frame Structure

A load-bearing structure and frame structure are two methods of building structural framing. Load bearing structures are popular earlier, but now due to comparative advantages of the frame structure is now become obsolete.

In this article, we see what is difference between load-bearing structure and frame structure.

What is Load Bearing Structure:

Difference Between Load Bearing Structure and Frame Structure
Load Bearing Structure
  • A load-bearing structure is one in which brick masonry wall is the major structural element in the foundation as well as in the building framework.
  • All the above load is carried by a wall and also transfer to the ground through the foundation which is also made up of brick masonry. There is no framework of column, beam, and foundation which are made from concrete.

What is Frame Structure:

Difference Between Load Bearing Structure and Frame Structure
RCC Frame Structure
  • In frame structure, all above a load of building or structure is taken by beam, column, and foundation. Beam s are connected to the column and column connected to the footing foundation.
  • Beam transfer load to the column and column transfer it to footing and ultimately footing lay down it to ground safely.

Difference Between Load Bearing Structure and Frame Structure

  • Difference between load bearing structure and frame structure is given below,
difference between load bearing and framed structure

Sr. No.

Load Bearing Structures

Framed Structures

1 Almost all the walls are load-bearing walls. None of the walls are load-bearing. They serve the same purpose as a partition or screen.
2 Almost all the should be provided with a foundation. None of the walls are provided with any type of foundation. Walls do not go below the plinth beam.
3 Load-bearing walls are taken deep into the subsoil foundation. The only column is taken deep into the subsoil and provided with foundation footing.
4 Any load-bearing wall should have a minimum thickness of 200 mm. Exterior walls subjected to weathering elements are generally 200 mm thick. All other walls can be 100 mm thick or even thinner.
5 Walls are usually constructed of bricks or stone. The column supporting beam supporting slab is all of R.C. C.
6 In a multi-storeyed building for every wall on the floor above, there must be a corresponding wall in continuation in the floor below to support it. There is no such necessity. As none of the walls is load-bearing. Every floor may have a wall independent of the one below it.
7 In a multi-storeyed building the thickness of the wall increase as we descend from a floor above to one below it. These walls do not take the load and need not be thicker. They may not even continue on the floor below.
8 A load-bearing wall once constructed shall remain in position and should never be dismantled in full or part. The wall of framed structure can be displaced at will as they are lighter and non-load bearing.
9 This type of construction does not favor too many openings for windows, doors, ventilation, etc., in the ground floor as required for showroom, etc., as the load-bearing length of the wall is considerably reduced. The space between columns can remains as open space as the case with multi-storeyed residential flats where the ground floor is left with no walls for easy parking of the vehicle.
10 In the case of multi–story buildings, the room area is reduced as we go down due to thicker walls. The thickness of the wall remains uniform, therefore the carpet area on any floor remains the same.
 11 It May not withstand seismic forces and other forces and another type of vibration because composed of different blocks as bricks and stones being bonded together. More rigid and withstand seismic forces because the entire frame of the column, beam, and slabs act as one unit of R.C.C.

FAQ: Difference Between Load Bearing Structure and Frame Structure

Q.1 What is the difference between load bearing structure and frame structure?

There is main difference between laod bearing structure and frame structure is which members carries load and transfer it to soil below foundation. In load bearing structure, Masonry wall carries all structural load and transfer to the soil. In frame structure, column, beam and footing arrangement carried the load and transfer it to soil below foundation.

Q.2 What is the minimum thickness of load bearing walls?

Load bearing walls should have minimum thickness 200 mm.

Q.3 Can a brick wall be load bearing?

Yes, Brick wall are load bearing structure because they are solid and capable of carrying structural loads.


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