Embarking on the journey of creating a house plan is an exciting and essential step in bringing your dream home to life. Crafting a detailed and accurate house plan lays the foundation for the entire construction process, influencing the functionality, aesthetics, and overall satisfaction with the final result.
In this, how to draw house plan step-by-step guide, we will explore the key considerations and practical steps involved in drawing a house plan, from understanding the basics of architectural design to incorporating your specific needs and preferences.
Get ready to unlock the creative and technical aspects of architectural design as we break down each step into clear and manageable tasks, empowering you to turn your vision into a tangible and well-planned reality.
First Draw the plot area on the sheet and decide the requirement. Following are the requirements of the basic house,
1 – Kitchen
2 – BedRoom
1 – Drawing Room
1 – Bath plus W/C
1 – Store Room
1 – Dining Room
1 – Parking for car
Read More: Building Construction Step By Step Process
Draw a House Plan by Hand Step By Step
1) First, prepare a rough bubble diagram indicating the probable location of the various room in the plot area.
2) From that prepare the line plan for a residential building before preparing the detailed sketch because alternative line plans would give scope for comparison by making changes in the size of some rooms according to the owner’s requirements.
2) While preparing the sketch plan, the line plan with reference to the site plan, shape of the plot, north direction, the direction of the prevailing wind, main road, and view of surroundings, etc. should be kept in mind.
3) The sketch plan should be prepared on tracing paper. Beginners may keep a graph below the tracing paper. This will help them to save a lot of time.
4) Wall thickness, area of each unit, name of the down location of sanitary units, staircase, flight of steps, landing up and directions, passage width, the position of doors and windows, columns and beams, entrance gate, compound wall, a path from the gate to the building, chakras and canopy projections should be clearly mentioned in the sketch plan.
Read More: Estimation Of A Building With Plan
5) Draw all exterior wall lines as light lines by using a 2H pencil.
6) The thickness of the wall should be drawn as per the given framed structures may have external walls of 230 mm thickness and internal walls of 150 mm thickness. So, the wall thickness in the plan is 230 mm.
Generally, the wall thickness in the floor plan is 150 mm thick wall including plaster on both sides, or 200 mm thick wall excluding plastering is better than a 230 mm thick wall with plastering.
Similarly, a 100 mm thick wall excluding the plaster thickness is better than a 150 mm thick wall with plastering with reference to strength. (So, the thickness of the wall in the floor plan in mm is 230 mm)
Load-bearing structures will have 200 mm to 300 mm thick walls. Any wall having a thickness of less than 200 mm cannot be a load-bearing wall.
7) Study clear internal dimensions of the rooms and draw lines for internal walls with wall thickness.
8) For public buildings doors and windows open outside. Hence doors, windows, and ventilators are aligned to be flush with the outside. For residential and private houses.
they open inside and the door, window, and ventilator frames must be kept flush with the inside of the wall. This is to create a full swing of the shutter and maximum clearance through the opening.
9) Study the movement in the house from one room to another room or passage through the door and show the shutter with the direction of opening by the symbol.
10) Plan door openings judiciously. No shutter should partly or fully block the opening of another door or window.
The space between two adjacent door openings automatically becomes a passage and the passage should be always free.
11) Draw kitchen platform, sink, built-in cupboard, W.C. pan (commode), washbasin, staircase, and front and rear steps.
12) Verandah column should not obstruct the full view of the main entrance door or the window of the drawing room.
13) Projections from walls as sunshades, porches, and beams from the verandah column which are above the sill level of windows are to be shown in dotted lines.
14) Draw extension lines and dimension lines on all sides.
15) Write clear room dimensions as per the line plan (first along the horizontal axis and next along a vertical axis on the drawing sheet).
In the case of framed structures center-to-center and overall dimensions should be shown.
16) Take every care while choosing the correct place for writing dimensions and names so that they are quite legible and not crowded and should never go conventional symbols/signs out of the room.
They should neither go unnoticed nor get eclipsed by the overall dimension of the side and must tally with the sum of dimensions in series along the direction.
17) The overall dimension of all four sides of the building (including off-sets also If any) should be mentioned. (How to Draw a House Plan by Hand)
18) Draw a line of 5 mm height, roughly at the center of the room for the title.
19) Write a complete specification for doors, windows, and ventilators.
20) The arrows to indicate an object should point from the description to the object and not from the object to the description.
21) Scale for plan should be written as 1 cm = 1 metre but not as 1 m = 1 cm. i.e., It should be a fraction but never more than 1.
22) The plan is generally drawn to a scale of 1:50, 1:100, or 1:200 as per the size of the building.
23) Go for conventions and symbols for stone masonry, brick masonry, wood, concrete works, and G.L., etc. only after dimensioning and indicating names.
Conventions must be in a lighter shade compared to the main drawing (drawn with 2H pencil). The hatching or the other conventional signs should never conceal the dimensions or letters or any other details.
|1||Define Purpose and Requirements: Clearly outline the purpose of the house plan and identify specific requirements, such as the number of rooms, layout preferences, and any special features.|
|2||Measure and Assess the Site: Take accurate measurements of the site where the house will be constructed. Assess the topography, orientation, and any existing structures that may influence the design.|
|3||Sketch Initial Ideas: Begin with rough sketches to explore various layout possibilities. Consider the flow of spaces, room placement, and how the design aligns with your vision and needs.|
|4||Create a Bubble Diagram: Develop a bubble diagram to represent the general placement of rooms and their relationships. This helps in refining the overall layout and flow of the house.|
|5||Establish a Focal Point: Identify a focal point in the design, whether it’s a specific room, architectural feature, or outdoor element. This helps in creating a balanced and visually appealing house plan.|
|6||Refine the Floor Plan: Gradually refine the floor plan by adding details such as dimensions, door and window placements, and room labels. Ensure that the design adheres to local building codes and regulations.|
|7||Consider Functional Zones: Organize spaces into functional zones, such as living areas, sleeping quarters, and service areas. Optimize the layout for convenience and efficiency.|
|8||Add Architectural Details: Integrate architectural details, such as stairs, hallways, and structural elements. Pay attention to the aesthetics and ensure that the design aligns with your stylistic preferences.|
|9||Review and Revise: Review the completed house plan, seeking feedback from others if possible. Revise the design as needed to address any concerns or improve functionality.|
|10||Finalize Drawings: Produce finalized drawings, including detailed floor plans, elevations, and any necessary cross-sections. These drawings serve as the basis for construction and may be submitted for approvals.|
Watch Video: How to Draw House Plan – 1
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