What Is MDF Board (Medium Density Fiberboard)

What Is MDF | What Is MDF Board | Medium Density Fiberboard | Particle Board Vs MDF | MDF Wood

What Is MDF?

MDF Board is the beneficial replacement of the plywood crated by shattering down the softwood or hardwood residuals into the well-shaped wood fibers, frequently in a defibrillator, combining it with wax and a resin binder to add properties.

Being a beneficiary commodity it has a wide range of functions in varieties of industries. MFD Board is an economical and internal use commodity considering its lower resistance to moisture functionality.

Read More: What is Gypsum Board & Its Application in Construction


Medium Density Fiberboard

Several Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) qualities make it an excellent replacement for plywood or particle-board. The property is dense, flat, stiff, remembers no knots, and is easily machined. It contains fine particles and gives dimensional stability without a predominant grain as is the possibility with wood.

Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) is mainly used for internal usage applications, in part due to its inadequate moisture resistance. It is accessible in raw form with a finely sanded exterior or with decorative coats such as wood veneer, melamine paper or vinyl.

MDF Boards
MDF Board

What Is MFD Board?

Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF Board) is a wood commodity prepared by breaking down the softwood or hardwood residuals into the wood fibers, frequently in a defibrillator, combining it with wax and a resin binder, and creating it into panels by applying high temperature and pressure.

Medium-density fiberboard is mostly more dense than plywood. It is composed of separated fibers but can be utilized as a building material same in application to plywood. It is tougher and denser than particleboard.

Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF Board) is normal density fiberboard. A building and DIY sheet material generally used in cabinetry, furniture, and molding. As a material, Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) is very versatile and cost-effective, making it an incredible choice for an entire host of projects.

Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) isn’t frequently used as a finish alone but is instead finished with a veneer or laminate, providing the impression of real wood.


MDF Board Uses

Due to the smoothness of Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF), it can be easily painted, cut, and shaped, creating it an outstanding mater

Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) is a specially engineered commodity that is generated from wood fibers. It is a dense commodity and has various uses in a variety of industries. Fiberboard is a well-built product and is often coated with a veneer and it can also contain secondary raw materials such as fibers from sugarcane and wood chipping.

Common Uses Of MDF Board are as follows,

1. Furniture

This is an extremely versatile material to work with and the various practical uses for Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) and what you can do with it.

To begin with, several different furniture companies utilise specially assessed Medium Density Fiberboards and if you have always purchased an economical piece of furniture like a bookshelf or an entertainment center, therefore chances are they may be constructed from MDF.

Several different economical furniture pieces are constructed from low to medium density fiberboard because this special product is easily manufactured and is inexpensive, which lowers the cost of manufacturing and production.

Obtaining low-density fiberboard typically decreases the costs connected with manufacturing furniture and it is a very popular material that is used in the creation of prefabricated furniture.

Companies like IKEA and different big store companies give products that are manufactured from this material.

2. Cabinetry

An additional thing that normal density fiberboard is known for is home interior cabinetry.

It is most common to discover cabinets made of fiberboard and then completed with solid wood laminate on top.

Home interior commodities like kitchen cabinets and shelving units are generally built from Medium Density Fiberboard(MDF) and this also contains doors, moldings, and sometimes even flooring such as wood impact laminates.

There are several different applications that can be combined with using Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) and these are only limited examples of how it is utilised in home interiors.

3. Fire Resistance

One interesting usage for medium density fiberboard that several people may not be conscious of is its fire retardant capabilities.

Specific buildings and structures expect the use of fire retardant MDF Board in their construction.

This type of fiberboard is perceived to be used in the construction of commercial buildings which contain stores and offices and different buildings that must fulfill certain building legislation and requirements for safety.

Some homeowners select to utilize fire retardant MDF Board in the construction of the new homes as well as to furnish further safety from any possible fires spreading.

4. Vapour Repulsion

Medium-density fibreboard can be also utilised as a vapour obstacle and insulation for both residences and commercial buildings.

This is because it has durability and procedure that makes it an excellent vapour obstacle when utilised with additional vapour repellant products.

This type of wood is prepared to deal with the big periods of moisture and drying out without occurring damaged like shrinking or going through the method of rotting.

It can be an act as a vapour obstacle and it can also give insulation and avoid heat loss which would finally help with lowering heating expenses and electrical bills.

5. Soundproofing

This may not be as widely recognised, but fiberboard can also give soundproofing and reduce the ability of sound to travel.

Several speaker manufacturers utilize medium-density fiberboard or particleboard because it consumes sound and prevents vibration from inside the speaker case.

This wood commodity can also be utilized in media rooms, walls of apartment buildings and offices as well as the floor underlayment to enable minimize sound disruptions and noise pollution.

Several different contractors and building firms use MDF Board for this specific purpose during construction for the requisition of decreasing noise and sound traveling.

6. Roofing

Another interesting truth about the versatility know that fiberboard is usage around the home both the inside and outside.

Fiberboard can be utilized for all types of housing desires comprising roofing materials for low sloped roofs.

Medium Density Fiberboard is an outstanding material that can be utilized as backing for shingles of any type of roof.

You can also utilize it as sheathing for walls inside your home.

Medium Density Fiberboard is extremely durable as well as flexible which provides it multiple applications when it comes to a family home both in the interior and exterior.

Finally, medium density fibreboard is a top-notch solution with many various uses and aspects that it can be utilized for.

This list of popular practical usages of Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) is just a brief example and there are plenty of more uses of Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) that can be utilized for.

It will continue to be an inexpensive option rather than buying timber commodities such as plywood and with its various uses, it will ever be a well-known and widely utilized material in the fabrication of furniture all the path to the construction of buildings and homes.

Read More: Fire Resistant Materials Used in Construction


Particle Board vs MDF

The following is the comparison between MDF vs Particle Board

MDF Vs Particle Board
MDF Vs Particle Board
 Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF)Particle-board
LookMedium Density Fiberboard has a smooth and shiny finish as it includes wood grains that are of a similar size.Particle-boards do not have a smooth and shiny surface as they contain wood shavings and chips.
DensityMedium Density Fiberboardhas a greater density level than the particle-board.Particle-boards have a lower density level compare to the Medium Density Fiberboard.
StrengthMedium Density Fiberboardis fairly tougher than the particle-board.Particle-board is not very tougher than the Medium Density Fiberboard.
DurabilityMedium Density Fiberboardis very durable compare to the particle-board.Particle-boards are fairly less durable.
WeightMedium Density Fiberboardis Heavier than particle boards.Particle-board is in Lightweight compare to the Medium Density Fiberboard.
MoistureMedium Density Fiberboardis more resistance to water.Particle-board is limited resistance to water.
LifespanMedium Density Fiberboardcan stay in a proper situation for up to 10 years.Particle-boards can remain for up to 25 years.
PriceMedium Density Fiberboardis Costlier than the particle-board.Particle-board is Cheaper in the price.

Read More: 35 Types of Wood With Pictures & Use


Cutting MDF Board

The following is the guideline for how to cutting MDF board,

1. Keeping Yourself Safe

Cutting Of MDF Boards
Keeping yourself Safe

A. Put on Thick Helping Gloves and A Long-sleeved Shirt

Before handling or cutting through your Medium Density Fiberboardpiece, make sure to put on an item of heavy-duty helping gloves and a durable, long-sleeved shirt. This will provide you a minor layer of security against hard Medium Density Fiberboardedges and your saw blade.

Use Of Dust Mask - Cutting Of MDF Boards
Use Of Dust Mask

B. Wear A Dust Mask and Protective Goggles

When cut, Medium Density Fiberboardpublishes a huge amount of dust particles into the air. To make sure this dust doesn’t receive into your eyes or throat, wear a high-quality dust mask and a pair of apparent safety goggles while working. Medium Density Fiberboarddust ingredients are not naturally dangerous, but the sheer size of them may lead to unwanted irritation.

C. Make Your cuts In A Vast, Clear Area

Since Medium Density Fiberboardpublishes so much dust, try to cut your wood outside or in an open area like a garage. If you don’t possess a clear space to work in, open any windows or doors near the cutting room so the dust has a direction to exit. If you’d like, put a fan in the room to enable blow the dust outside.

Cover objects around your working area in narrow plastic sheets to protect them from getting dirty.

Cutting Of MDF Boards
Vast and Clean area

4. Making Straight Cuts

Cutting Of MDF Boards
Circular Saw

A. Connect A Sturdy Blade To a Circular Saw

To make straight cuts in your Medium Density Fiberboard, obtain a circular saw that remembers a trimming speed between 3,000 and 3,350 meters per second (9,800 and 11,000 ft/s). For the decent cut possible, establish a blade that remembers at least 60 teeth and a width of nearly 355 mm (14.0 in). For more strength, grab a blade that remembers a carbide tip.

You can discover circular saws at extensively home improvement stores. High-quality models commonly cost between $100 and $300.

Before establishing the blade, make sure you unplug the device to avoid any accidents.

B. Modify Your Blade’s Depth So It Is Barely Lower Than Your board

Cutting Of MDF Boards
Blade’s Depth

Position your circular saw so that the underneath of the saw blade settles flush against the side of your Medium Density Fiberboard. Then, relieve your saw’s bottom knob or lever and carefully drag the blade until the tip stands just below your Medium Density Fiberboardplank. When you have placed the blade where you want it, retighten the deep knob or lever.

To assure the blade cuts appropriately, try to position it so that the tip stands between 1⁄8 in (0.32 cm) and 1⁄4 in (0.64 cm) below the Medium Density Fiberboardplank.

Cutting Of MDF Boards
Connecting Board to a Strudy Table

C. Connect your board to a sturdy table

Spot your Medium Density Fiberboard piece on a large working table or, if you are cutting through the middle of the plank, spot each end on a distinct working table or sawhorse.

Make sure the room you want to cut hangs over the perimeter of the surface, then lock the Medium Density Fiberboard place utilizing heavy-duty clamps.

What Is MDF | What Is MDF Board | Medium Density Fiberboard | Particle Board Vs MDF | MDF Wood
Cutting Of MDF Boards
Line Over the Area

D. Prepare A Line Over The Area You Need To Cut Through

Utilizing woodworking tape or a pencil, generate a line on top of your Medium Density Fiberboard piece indicating the area you want to cut through. Since you can only cut through the wood formerly, double-check the – line’s distance using a tape measure and its alignment with using a level or L-square.

If you are using a pencil, make sure the line is thick sufficient that you can detect it easily from the distance.

E. Cut Through The Considerable Area Utilizing Your Circular Saw

Line up the front of your circular saw with the starting of your marked line. Then, twist the saw on and gently push it through a Medium Density Fiberboard piece. Do your best to carry the saw steady, and make sure your cutting velocity is slow and consistent.

If you realise your saw jitter or kick, twist the device off and allow it to rest for a minute.

3. Creating Curved Cuts

Cutting Of MDF Boards
Jigsaw

A. Receive A Jigsaw With A Bi-metal Cutting Blade:

To make curved cuts in your Medium Density Fiberboardpiece, obtain a jigsaw that is similar to quick-change blades. Then, acquire a bi-metal jigsaw blade and spot it inside your device’s blade clamp mechanism. For the decent results feasible, look for a thin blade that has plenty of small teeth, such as a T-shank.

High-quality jigsaws mainly cost between $80 and $200. Look for them at home modification stores. For security, unplug your tool before establishing the blade.

B. Ensure Your MDF Piece To A Durable Table

Set your plank of wood on a sturdy working table and situation it so the area you want to cut hangs over the perimeter. Then, spot big clamps around the perimeters of your Medium Density Fiberboardpiece to protect it from moving around.

Cutting Of MDF Boards
Ensure MDF Board Piece to Table
  • If the room you are cutting is in the middle of the Medium Density Fiberboardpiece, spot each end of the wood on a sturdy table or saw horse.
Cutting Of MDF Boards
Marking The Room

C. Utilize Your Jigsaw To Cut Through The Considerable Area

Spot the front of your jigsaw’s shoe at the beginning of the room you want to cut. Make sure the device’s blade lines up with a marked line, then turn the saw on and ease it into the wood. MDF Board is extremely dense, so used to slow, gentle actions to work your direction through it.

Cutting By Jigsaw - Cutting Of MDF Boards
Cutting By Jigsaw

MDF Board Manufacturing

The following is the manufacturing process of MDF board,

  1. Debarking and Chipping
  2. Chip Water
  3. Defibrator
  4. Mat Formation
  5. Storage

1. Debarking And Chipping

The initial step in the manufacturing of the Medium Density Fiberboard is Debarking. The bark of the softwood of eucalyptus can be obtained as it is but to give the decent quality of the final product the bark from the log is removed. This reduces grit and organic waste. It also enables rapid drainage of the water and enables finer surface finish.

Once the bark is omitted the log is then stripped. The chipper drum decreases the logs into evenly molded chips. The ensuing chips, if they are too large, may be re-chipped and the undersized chips are utilised for another purpose.

2. Chip Water

The chips are then washed to check for damages. The procedure also removes bits of the bark, dirt, dust, and so on.

3. Defibrator

Before the defibration procedure, the chips are coated with molten paraffin wax. This glues the chips jointly. The glued chips are then dried by transferring through a heated air dryer. This brings out the defective fibers.

The chips are then fed into the defibrator for limited minutes at a high temperature while they are ground to create a pulp. Right through from the defibrator, there is the entry of pulp in blowline, where it is blunded with the resin. The wax improves the moisture resistance and the resin originally benefits to decrease clumping, but eventually is the primary binding agent. It is then approved through a dryer where it dries out rapidly.

4. Mat Formation

The dry fibers are then expressed to the mat-forming system. Here they are dropped on the belt which is transformed into a straight mat with the support of the distribution arms.

The mat is wrapped through a series of heavy roller which provides them the desired thickness. The perimeter trimming saws trim the perimeters of the mat to provide the desired size to the board. The chipped fiber from the perimeters is vacuumed and recycled.

The mat is hence passed through a hot press to create a strong bonding of the fiber mats. The hot press allows up to the 10 mats to be pressed at a period to the specified thicknesses.

The boards are weighed on a weighing platform, chilled to compartment temperature in a star cooler, and then loaded on a platform. They are then cut off with the help of the saws to the necessary size.

5. Storage

The cut-off Medium Density Fiberboardboards are then loaded up into the warehouse from where they are loaded into the trucks as per the necessary quantity.


MDF Board Advantages

Following are the MDF Wood advantages,

  • Medium Density Fiberboardpossesses economic value to common people as it is reasonable at cost and economical. So, they are within everyone’s capacity to purchase.
  • Medium Density Fiberboardsaves the trees as it is a recycling procedure.
  • It is simple to take any color where wood carries long tenure for staining several colors
  • Medium Density Fiberboarddoes do not possess knots or kinks which disturbing the smooth and shiny surface.
  • Medium Density Fiberboard is protected from some insects as some chemicals are utilized for the processing of MDF.
  • It can be painted or shaded and given a look almost the same as natural wood. So, it can replace the position of wood furniture.
  • Depiction on Medium Density Fiberboard is simpler than on wood.
  • To give Medium Density Fiberboard look like natural wood veneers, laminators may easily be connected to it.
  • The strong, dense, flat, stiff Medium Density Fiberboard is a decent choice rather than wood.
  • Medium Density Fiberboard has no grain as it is not a real product, it is easy to cut, drill without any damage.
  • It has outstanding machining character for its adequate density.

MDF Wood Disadvantages

Following are the disadvantages of MDF wood,

  • A Medium Density Fiberboard in comparison is weaker than wood. Furniture composed of MDF doesn’t remain long. However Medium Density Fiberboard is not costly although on the other hand, is a loss of our money.
  • Medium Density Fiberboard can break or slash under extreme stress.
  • Medium Density Fiberboard consumes water faster than wood. So MDF Board may swell and everyone possesses to become aware of using MDF.
  • Medium Density Fiberboard doesn’t carry nails and screws easily. During nailing, the percentage may appear around it. Pilot gaps should be utilized while screwing.
  • Medium Density Fiberboard comprises VOC, including urea-formaldehyde, which can induce irritation to the lungs and eyes.
  • Dust generated during the manufacture of Medium Density Fiberboard is extremely harmful to breathing.

Read More: How to Remove Stain from Wood (Best 9 DIY Tips & Tricks)


MDF Board Properties

In the past, the raw material was wheat for Medium Density Fiberboard completely suited pilot plants. For the manufacture of greater quality Medium Density Fiberboard binders are utilized. Chemicals like Urea melamine-formaldehyde, Urea melamine-formaldehyde adhesive combination are utilized as a binder.

Various quality Medium Density Fiberboard production required distinct quantities of resin and various qualities of wheat straw, generated MDF was called Straw Medium Density Fibreboard (SMDF).

MDF Board Thickness is between 2 – 35 mm and width 4 ft.

Following are the properties of MDF Board,

  • Internal bond strength
  • Modulus of rupture
  • Modulus of elasticity
  • Thickness
  • Elasticity
  • Water absorption
  • Swelling

Cost Of MDF Board

Shell Laminates Private Limited

No.Medium Density FiberboardThicknessPrice
1.Decorative Medium Density FiberboardBoard1.9 mm to 25 mmRs. 52 / Square feet
2.Laminated Medium Density FiberboardBoard2.5 mm to 25 mmRs. 42 / Square feet
3.Laminated Medium Density FiberboardTeakwood2.5 mm to 25 mmRs. 42 / Square feet
4.Pre Laminated Medium Density FiberboardBoard2.5 mm to 25 mmRs. 42 / Square feet
5.LaminatedMedium Density FiberboardSize –  9 x 6Rs. 42 / Square feet
6.Medium Density FiberboardPre Laminated BoardRs. 51.63 / Square feet

FAQs:

Q. 1: What does MDF board mean?

Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) is an wood commodity prepared by breaking down the softwood or hardwood residuals into the wood fibers, frequently in a defibrillator, combining it with wax and a resin binder, and creating it into panels by applying high temperature and pressure.

Q. 3 Can You Paint MDF Board?

Yes, You can paint mdf board. You can Paint the furniture with interior latex or acrylic paint.

What Is MDF Wood

MDF Wood is the beneficial replacement of the plywood crated by shattering down the softwood or hardwood residuals into the well-shaped wood fibers, frequently in a defibrillator, combining it with wax and a resin binder to add properties.

What Is MDF Board

Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF Board) is a wood commodity prepared by breaking down the softwood or hardwood residuals into the wood fibers, frequently in a defibrillator, combining it with wax and a resin binder, and creating it into panels by applying high temperature and pressure.

Medium Density Fiberboard

MDF Board(Medium Density Fiberboard) is normal density fiberboard. A building and DIY sheet material generally used in cabinetry, furniture, and molding. As a material, Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) is very versatile and cost-effective, making it an incredible choice for an entire host of projects.

What Is MDF Material

Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) is a specially engineered commodity that is generated from wood fibers. It is a dense commodity and has various uses in a variety of industries. Fiberboard is a well-built product and is often coated with a veneer and it can also contain secondary raw materials such as fibers from sugarcane and wood chipping.

What Is Medium Density Fibreboard Used For

Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) isn’t frequently used as a finish alone but is instead finished with a veneer or laminate, providing the impression of real wood.


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