What Is MDF Board (Medium Density Fiberboard)

MDF | What Is MDF Board | MDF Properties | MDF Board Uses | Particle Board Vs MDF | MDF Wood18 min read

What Is MDF?

MDF Board is the beneficial replacement of the plywood crated by shattering down the softwood or hardwood residuals into the well-shaped wood fibers, frequently in a defibrillator, combining it with wax and a resin binder to add properties.

Being a beneficiary commodity it has a wide range of functions in varieties of industries. MFD Board is an economical and internal use commodity considering its lower resistance to moisture functionality.

Read More: What is Gypsum Board & Its Application in Construction


Medium Density Fiberboard

Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) is mainly used for internal usage applications, in part due to its inadequate moisture resistance. It is accessible in raw form with a finely sanded exterior or with decorative coats such as wood veneer, melamine paper or vinyl.

MDF Boards
MDF Board

What Is MFD Board?

Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF Board) is a wood material prepared by separating down the softwood or hardwood residuals into the wood fibers, frequently in a defibrillator, wax mixing and forms a shape-like a panel by using high pressure and temperature.

Medium-density fiberboard is mostly more dense than plywood. It is composed of separated fibers but can be utilized as a building material same in application to plywood. It is tougher and denser than particleboard.

Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF Board) is normal density fiberboard. A building and DIY sheet material generally used in cabinetry, furniture, and molding. As a material, Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) is very versatile and cost-effective, making it an incredible choice for an entire host of projects.

Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) isn’t frequently used as a finish alone but is instead finished with a veneer or laminate, providing the impression of real wood.


Uses of MDF Board

MDF Board can be very easily cut, shaped, and painted because of its smooth properties.

The following are the most popular uses of MDF boards,

1. Furniture

The MDF board are to manufacture various furniture product used by many companies. For example, you can purchase a bookshelf and TV furniture made up of an MDF board. There are proven to economical compare to pure wooden furniture products.

Furniture manufacturing by the use of fiberboard are cheaper and their manufacturing cost is lower compared to other product.

These are popular furniture materials as their manufacturing cost is lower for ready-made types of furniture.

2. Cabinetry Use of MDF Board

The MDF board is most popularly used in house interior carpentry cabinetry work.

There are lots of cabinets you will find that are made of MDF board and which are cover with laminated wood at the top.

House furniture like cabinets of kitchens and units of shelve are manufactured from MDF board. It is also used for molding work, Door framework, and laminated wooden flooring.

3. Fire Resistance

Some peoples are not aware of fact that MDF boards are actually provided fire protection because it possesses the good quality of fire resistance properties.

The recent construction trend is to use fire resistance material for building construction is growing rapidly.

There are different types of MDF material used to construct business buildings, office buildings, and other trade buildings.

4. Vapour Repulsion

MDF boards are used as insulation and obstacle to vapors in many commercial as well as in residential buildings.

This fibreboard is manufacture such that it can deal with moisture for a long time and shrinkage-free drying process without any rotting effect on it.

These boards are resistant the moisture entry in the house, therefore less heating is required in the house and ultimately reduces the electricity bill.

5. Soundproofing

It is not a known fact but MDF boars can also work as a sound barrier in-house. It will help to reduce the noise level in the home.

There are many sound speaker manufacturing companies that utilize the MDF board in their product because it absorbs sound and reduces internal vibration.

MDF boards are also used in offices, newsrooms,s and building flats for reducing the noise level in space.

6. Roofing

Fibreboard is most popular used in home roofing systems as it posses a good quality of weather resistance. These boards are proofing to the best material to use for shingles backing of different roof types.

It can be used for wall sheathing work of the home interior. Fibreboard is a flexible and durable material used in home exterior and interior work decoration.

Read More: Fire Resistant Materials Used in Construction


Particle Board vs MDF

The following is the comparison between MDF vs Particle Board

MDF Vs Particle Board
MDF Vs Particle Board
 Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF)Particle-board
LookMDF board has a shiny finish and smoothness properties because of gains of wood are used of the same size.It does not provide a shiny and smooth surface.
DensityMDF board has a greater level of density compare to particle-board.Its low density compares to MDF.
StrengthMDF board is less strong compared to Particle Board.Particle-board is not very Strong than MDF Board
DurabilityMDF board is durable and long-lasting material compares to particle board.Particleboards are less long-lasting durable compare to MDF.
Weight MDF board is HeavyLess Heavy than MDF
MoistureIt is resistant more compares to particle boardLess resistance
LifespanLifespan is more than 10 yearsMore than 25 years
PriceIts costlier materialsCheap compare to MDF

Read More: 35 Types of Wood With Pictures & Use


Cutting MDF Board

The following is the guideline for how to cutting MDF board,

1. Keeping Yourself Safe

Cutting Of MDF Boards
Keeping yourself Safe

A. Put on Thick Helping Gloves and A Long-sleeved Shirt

Before handling or cutting through your Medium Density Fiberboardpiece, make sure to put on an item of heavy-duty helping gloves and a durable, long-sleeved shirt. This will provide you a minor layer of security against hard Medium Density Fiberboardedges and your saw blade.

Use Of Dust Mask - Cutting Of MDF Boards
Use Of Dust Mask

B. Wear A Dust Mask and Protective Goggles

When cut, Medium Density Fiberboardpublishes a huge amount of dust particles into the air. To make sure this dust doesn’t receive into your eyes or throat, wear a high-quality dust mask and a pair of apparent safety goggles while working. Medium Density Fiberboarddust ingredients are not naturally dangerous, but the sheer size of them may lead to unwanted irritation.

C. Make Your cuts In A Vast, Clear Area

Since Medium Density Fiberboardpublishes so much dust, try to cut your wood outside or in an open area like a garage. If you don’t possess a clear space to work in, open any windows or doors near the cutting room so the dust has a direction to exit. If you’d like, put a fan in the room to enable blow the dust outside.

Cover objects around your working area in narrow plastic sheets to protect them from getting dirty.

Cutting Of MDF Boards
Vast and Clean area

4. Making Straight Cuts

Cutting Of MDF Boards
Circular Saw

A. Connect A Sturdy Blade To a Circular Saw

To make straight cuts in your Medium Density Fiberboard, obtain a circular saw that remembers a trimming speed between 3,000 and 3,350 meters per second (9,800 and 11,000 ft/s). For the decent cut possible, establish a blade that remembers at least 60 teeth and a width of nearly 355 mm (14.0 in). For more strength, grab a blade that remembers a carbide tip.

You can discover circular saws at extensively home improvement stores. High-quality models commonly cost between $100 and $300.

Before establishing the blade, make sure you unplug the device to avoid any accidents.

B. Modify Your Blade’s Depth So It Is Barely Lower Than Your board

Cutting Of MDF Boards
Blade’s Depth

Position your circular saw so that the underneath of the saw blade settles flush against the side of your Medium Density Fiberboard. Then, relieve your saw’s bottom knob or lever and carefully drag the blade until the tip stands just below your Medium Density Fiberboardplank. When you have placed the blade where you want it, retighten the deep knob or lever.

To assure the blade cuts appropriately, try to position it so that the tip stands between 1⁄8 in (0.32 cm) and 1⁄4 in (0.64 cm) below the Medium Density Fiberboardplank.

Cutting Of MDF Boards
Connecting Board to a Strudy Table

C. Connect your board to a sturdy table

Spot your Medium Density Fiberboard piece on a large working table or, if you are cutting through the middle of the plank, spot each end on a distinct working table or sawhorse.

Make sure the room you want to cut hangs over the perimeter of the surface, then lock the Medium Density Fiberboard place utilizing heavy-duty clamps.

MDF | What Is MDF Board | MDF Properties | MDF Board Uses | Particle Board Vs MDF | MDF Wood
Cutting Of MDF Boards
Line Over the Area

D. Prepare A Line Over The Area You Need To Cut Through

Utilizing woodworking tape or a pencil, generate a line on top of your Medium Density Fiberboard piece indicating the area you want to cut through. Since you can only cut through the wood formerly, double-check the – line’s distance using a tape measure and its alignment with using a level or L-square.

If you are using a pencil, make sure the line is thick sufficient that you can detect it easily from the distance.

E. Cut Through The Considerable Area Utilizing Your Circular Saw

Line up the front of your circular saw with the starting of your marked line. Then, twist the saw on and gently push it through a Medium Density Fiberboard piece. Do your best to carry the saw steady, and make sure your cutting velocity is slow and consistent.

If you realise your saw jitter or kick, twist the device off and allow it to rest for a minute.

3. Creating Curved Cuts

Cutting Of MDF Boards
Jigsaw

A. Receive A Jigsaw With A Bi-metal Cutting Blade:

To make curved cuts in your Medium Density Fiberboardpiece, obtain a jigsaw that is similar to quick-change blades. Then, acquire a bi-metal jigsaw blade and spot it inside your device’s blade clamp mechanism. For the decent results feasible, look for a thin blade that has plenty of small teeth, such as a T-shank.

High-quality jigsaws mainly cost between $80 and $200. Look for them at home modification stores. For security, unplug your tool before establishing the blade.

B. Ensure Your MDF Piece To A Durable Table

Set your plank of wood on a sturdy working table and situation it so the area you want to cut hangs over the perimeter. Then, spot big clamps around the perimeters of your Medium Density Fiberboardpiece to protect it from moving around.

Cutting Of MDF Boards
Ensure MDF Board Piece to Table
  • If the room you are cutting is in the middle of the Medium Density Fiberboardpiece, spot each end of the wood on a sturdy table or saw horse.
Cutting Of MDF Boards
Marking The Room

C. Utilize Your Jigsaw To Cut Through The Considerable Area

Spot the front of your jigsaw’s shoe at the beginning of the room you want to cut. Make sure the device’s blade lines up with a marked line, then turn the saw on and ease it into the wood. MDF Board is extremely dense, so used to slow, gentle actions to work your direction through it.

Cutting By Jigsaw - Cutting Of MDF Boards
Cutting By Jigsaw

MDF Board Manufacturing

The following is the manufacturing process of MDF board,

  1. Debarking and Chipping
  2. Chip Water
  3. Defibrator
  4. Mat Formation
  5. Storage

1. Debarking And Chipping

The initial step in the manufacturing of the Medium Density Fiberboard is Debarking. The bark of the softwood of eucalyptus can be obtained as it is but to give the decent quality of the final product the bark from the log is removed. This reduces grit and organic waste. It also enables rapid drainage of the water and enables finer surface finish.

Once the bark is omitted the log is then stripped. The chipper drum decreases the logs into evenly molded chips. The ensuing chips, if they are too large, may be re-chipped and the undersized chips are utilised for another purpose.

2. Chip Water

The chips are then washed to check for damages. The procedure also removes bits of the bark, dirt, dust, and so on.

3. Defibrator

Before the defibration procedure, the chips are coated with molten paraffin wax. This glues the chips jointly. The glued chips are then dried by transferring through a heated air dryer. This brings out the defective fibers.

The chips are then fed into the defibrator for limited minutes at a high temperature while they are ground to create a pulp. Right through from the defibrator, there is the entry of pulp in blowline, where it is blunded with the resin. The wax improves the moisture resistance and the resin originally benefits to decrease clumping, but eventually is the primary binding agent. It is then approved through a dryer where it dries out rapidly.

4. Mat Formation

The dry fibers are then expressed to the mat-forming system. Here they are dropped on the belt which is transformed into a straight mat with the support of the distribution arms.

The mat is wrapped through a series of heavy roller which provides them the desired thickness. The perimeter trimming saws trim the perimeters of the mat to provide the desired size to the board. The chipped fiber from the perimeters is vacuumed and recycled.

The mat is hence passed through a hot press to create a strong bonding of the fiber mats. The hot press allows up to the 10 mats to be pressed at a period to the specified thicknesses.

The boards are weighed on a weighing platform, chilled to compartment temperature in a star cooler, and then loaded on a platform. They are then cut off with the help of the saws to the necessary size.

5. Storage

The cut-off Medium Density Fiberboardboards are then loaded up into the warehouse from where they are loaded into the trucks as per the necessary quantity.


MDF Board Advantages

Following are the MDF Wood advantages,

  • Medium Density Fiberboardpossesses economic value to common people as it is reasonable at cost and economical. So, they are within everyone’s capacity to purchase.
  • Medium Density Fiberboardsaves the trees as it is a recycling procedure.
  • It is simple to take any color where wood carries long tenure for staining several colors
  • Medium Density Fiberboarddoes do not possess knots or kinks which disturbing the smooth and shiny surface.
  • Medium Density Fiberboard is protected from some insects as some chemicals are utilized for the processing of MDF.
  • It can be painted or shaded and given a look almost the same as natural wood. So, it can replace the position of wood furniture.
  • Depiction on Medium Density Fiberboard is simpler than on wood.
  • To give Medium Density Fiberboard look like natural wood veneers, laminators may easily be connected to it.
  • The strong, dense, flat, stiff Medium Density Fiberboard is a decent choice rather than wood.
  • Medium Density Fiberboard has no grain as it is not a real product, it is easy to cut, drill without any damage.
  • It has outstanding machining character for its adequate density.

MDF Wood Disadvantages

Following are the disadvantages of MDF wood,

  • A MDF board has poor strength compare to wood. Material made up of MDF boards has less life.
  • Medium Density Fiberboard can break or slash under excessive pressure.
  • Medium Density Fiberboard soak water quicker comapre to wood.
  • Driving screw and nails in MDF board is not easy.
  • Medium Density Fiberboard made of of VOC, including urea-formaldehyde, which can enter into lungs and eyes become reason of irritation.
  • MDF board cutting spread lots of dust in air which is can cause damge to lungs and make breathing difficult for human.

Read More: How to Remove Stain from Wood (Best 9 DIY Tips & Tricks)


MDF Board Properties

In the past, the raw material was wheat for Medium Density Fiberboard completely suited pilot plants. For the manufacture of greater quality Medium Density Fiberboard binders are utilized. Chemicals like Urea melamine-formaldehyde, Urea melamine-formaldehyde adhesive combination are utilized as a binder.

Various quality Medium Density Fiberboard production required distinct quantities of resin and various qualities of wheat straw, generated MDF was called Straw Medium Density Fibreboard (SMDF).

MDF Board Thickness is between 2 – 35 mm and width 4 ft.

Following are the properties of MDF Board,

  • Internal bond strength
  • Modulus of rupture
  • Modulus of elasticity
  • Thickness
  • Elasticity
  • Water absorption
  • Swelling

Cost Of MDF Board

Shell Laminates Private Limited

No.Medium Density FiberboardThicknessPrice
1.Decorative Medium Density FiberboardBoard1.9 mm to 25 mmRs. 52 / Square feet
2.Laminated Medium Density FiberboardBoard2.5 mm to 25 mmRs. 42 / Square feet
3.Laminated Medium Density FiberboardTeakwood2.5 mm to 25 mmRs. 42 / Square feet
4.Pre Laminated Medium Density FiberboardBoard2.5 mm to 25 mmRs. 42 / Square feet
5.LaminatedMedium Density FiberboardSize –  9 x 6Rs. 42 / Square feet
6.Medium Density FiberboardPre Laminated BoardRs. 51.63 / Square feet

FAQs:

What does MDF board mean?

Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) is an wood commodity prepared by breaking down the softwood or hardwood residuals into the wood fibers, frequently in a defibrillator, combining it with wax and a resin binder, and creating it into panels by applying high temperature and pressure.

Can You Paint MDF Board?

Yes, You can paint mdf board. You can Paint the furniture with interior latex or acrylic paint.

What Is MDF Wood

MDF Wood is the beneficial replacement of the plywood crated by shattering down the softwood or hardwood residuals into the well-shaped wood fibers, frequently in a defibrillator, combining it with wax and a resin binder to add properties.

What Is MDF Board

MDF Board is the beneficial replacement of the plywood crated by shattering down the softwood or hardwood residuals into the well-shaped wood fibers, frequently in a defibrillator, combining it with wax and a resin binder to add properties.

Medium Density Fiberboard

MDF Board(Medium Density Fiberboard) is normal density fiberboard. A building and DIY sheet material generally used in cabinetry, furniture, and molding. As a material, Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) is very versatile and cost-effective, making it an incredible choice for an entire host of projects.

What Is Medium Density Fibreboard Used For

Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF) isn’t frequently used as a finish alone but is instead finished with a veneer or laminate, providing the impression of real wood.


You Might also Like:

Share This Post

Leave a Reply


x

Related Posts

25 Types of Doors for Your Perfect Home | Type of Door | Type of Doors | Different Types of Doors | Door Types
There are Different Types of Doors used in houses and buildings. Doors are one of the essential assets of any home, not just security, but they ...
What Is Paint | Paint Definition | Painting Components | Properties of Paints
What Is Paint? Paint can be defined as the mixture of homogeneous ingredients namely Binder, Pigment, VOC & additives, which when applied...
What Is Timber | 18 Types of Timber | Types of Timber In Construction
What Is Timber? A Timber is nothing but a form of wood that is shaped into beams and planks. It is also known as “lumber" in the US and Canad...
powered by RelatedPosts
Scroll to Top
DMCA.com Protection Status