Types of Concrete Finishes

10 Concrete Finishes Types | 10 Best Types of Concrete Finishes | Different Concrete Finishes | Concrete Surface Finishes9 min read

What Is Concrete Finishes?

A smooth surface formed with screeds and trowels is the most basic types of concrete finishes. Concrete finishes work screed is used to level off the concrete surface immediately after it has been laid in form.

Screeds are often made out of long pieces of metal or wood that are pulled and pushed across the concrete surface to remove extra concrete and fill in gaps.

Concrete is a flexible construction material that is utilized in a wide range of residential, commercial, and industrial applications around the world. Concrete’s strength is on the inside, but its beauty is on the outside:

This outside aspect can be altered using a variety of materials and techniques, as shown below.

Read More: What Is Finishes Plaster | 10 Types of Plastering Finishes | Exterior & Interior Plaster Finishes


10 Types of Concrete Finishes

The following are different concrete finishes types,

1. Floating or Troweling

10 Concrete Finishes Types | 10 Types of Concrete Finishes | Different Concrete Finishes | Concrete Surface Finishes
Floating Concrete Finish

Concrete finishers use trowels to smooth and finelevel the surface of the concrete after it has been tooled with a screed. This can be done using either manual or mechanical methods.

Power trowels are available and are commonly employed on large commercial and industrial projects when manual trowels are impractical. The blades of power trowels resemble big fans, and they sit directly against the concrete.

Both walkbehind and riding variants of these power trowels are available. The below image shows the worker troweling the concrete with a trowel.


2. Broom Concrete Finishes

10 Concrete Finishes Types | 10 Types of Concrete Finishes | Different Concrete Finishes | Concrete Surface Finishes
Broom Finish Concrete

A broom finish can be used to make concrete surfaces more slip-resistant. This is done after the concrete has been placed, levelled, and troweled.

A broom is dragged across the surface of the concrete after it has been smoothed to generate microscopic ridges that give traction control, especially when the concrete is wet. When liquids are present on concrete surfaces without a broom finish, they become slippery and unsafe.


3. Exposed Aggregate Finish

10 Concrete Finishes Types | 10 Types of Concrete Finishes | Different Concrete Finishes | Concrete Surface Finishes
Exposed Aggregate Finish

Washing the top layer of concrete away exposes the edges of the natural stone aggregates placed into the concrete, creating an exposed finish that was once popular on historic city sidewalks. This results in a visually appealing and slip-resistant coating.

Other materials may be added to the mix in addition to the standard concrete materials (cement, sand, gravel, and water) to give exposed concrete finishes with unique appearances.

Rose quartz, limestone, dark grey or black basalt, red or blue granite, tinted glass, and even seashells are examples. The trick with any of these chemicals is to stay away from ironcontaining items, as they can discolour concrete.

It’s also crucial to apply a highquality seal after the concrete has cured to protect the surface. The image shown below is the concrete surface after the exposed aggregate finish.

Read More: What Is Concrete Grinder | Types of Concrete Grinders | Walk Behind Concrete Grinder


4. Salt Finish

10 Concrete Finishes Types | 10 Types of Concrete Finishes | Different Concrete Finishes | Concrete Surface Finishes
Salt Finish Concrete

A salt finish is a sort of finish that is mostly used on pool decks. Salt concrete finishes are made by sprinkling rock salt on top of wet concrete and then washing it away, leaving little pits in the final product.

The salt finish concrete surface is achieved by rolling coarse rock salt crystals onto a freshly laid concrete surface and then washing it off with streams of water once the concrete has hardened.

Plain or coloured concrete finishes gets a beautiful, rough subtle texture and skid resistance with this coating. It’s primarily used in swimming pools and other wet environments. The (5) image shows the surface of the concrete after the salt finish.


5. Stamped Concrete

10 Concrete Finishes Types | 10 Types of Concrete Finishes | Different Concrete Finishes | Concrete Surface Finishes
Stamp Concrete Finish

Concrete stamps are a frequent form of texture. Concrete stamps are made up of panels with inlaid motifs that are placed on still-curing concrete.

To achieve the desired aesthetic, designs may include brick, stone, or other decorative patterns, sometimes imitating other typical construction materials while preserving the strength and durability of concrete.

After the forms have been removed, the concrete surface can be stained to add color, as indicated below. The needed patterns are pressed into the freshly leveled concrete to create the stamped concrete finish.

After completion of construction, this style of concrete finishes resembles slates or flagstones, brick, tile, or, with the right talent, wood.

Patios, car porches, driveways, and walks all benefit from stamped concrete, which is a smart and inventive concrete innovation. Image (6) shows a concrete walkway made of stamped finish concrete.


6. Coloration of Concrete Finishes

Colour is added to concrete to give it a look that matches the architecture of the surrounding structure. Mix-added pigments or post-cure staining, both of which are mentioned below, can be used to achieve this.

To produce a nice look that matches the surrounding environment, the colored finish of the concrete is achieved through mix-added pigments or post-cure staining.

Pigment or strains can be used to create a colored finish on a concrete surface. Colored concrete with pigments can be made by mixing the pigments directly into the concrete mix before pouring.

Stains can be applied to concrete of any age to achieve a more intense colored finish, resulting in stressed colored concrete. The application of stain is usually followed by the application of a sealant to protect the concrete surface.


7. Pigments Concrete Finishes

Using pigments to color concrete is a straightforward procedure that involves mixing the pigments directly into the concrete mix before pouring.

Pigments are supplied in liquid form or as dissolvable packets that are “ready to mix.” In both circumstances, the pigments are combined with the other concrete materials in the mixer.

The spectrum of colors available is usually limited to “earthy” browns and tans, however, greens, blues, and greys are also available. It’s critical to preserve pigmented concrete adequately sealed throughout its lifespan to avoid water infiltration, which can fade the pigment.

Read More: 5 Types of Paint Finishes | Paint Finishes for Walls


8. Concrete Stain

10 Concrete Finishes Types | 10 Types of Concrete Finishes | Different Concrete Finishes | Concrete Surface Finishes
Concrete Stain

Concrete’s color can also be changed with the use of various staining agents. The use of acid as a staining agent is a frequent practice. Colors are often limited to neon-bright, somewhat delicate tones, similar to concrete pigments.

Waterbased (acrylic) staining can be used to create a considerably wider range of colors, including black and white. Stains can be applied to any age of concrete, although the colors are usually more intense if the stain is applied soon after the concrete has been laid. The application of stain is usually followed by the application of a sealant to protect the concrete surface.


9. Swirl Concrete Finishes

10 Concrete Finishes Types | 10 Types of Concrete Finishes | Different Concrete Finishes | Concrete Surface Finishes
Swirl Finish Concrete

A swirl concrete finishes is a one-of-a-kind concrete finish that is achieved by spreading the concrete surface in a circular pattern that is evenly overlapping.

It gives the concrete surface an aesthetically pleasing appearance that is preferred for outdoor applications because it not only adds beauty to the surface but also makes it safer to walk and stand on than a smooth surface concrete finishes, especially during the wet season.


10. Polished Surface Concrete Finishes

10 Concrete Finishes Types | 10 Best Types of Concrete Finishes | Different Concrete Finishes | Concrete Surface Finishes
Polished Concrete Finish

The polished concrete finishes on a concrete surface are obtained through a mechanical process of grinding and polishing with the use of specialized tools and equipment to provide distinct textures with the use of a penetrant chemical.

These are some of the widely used concrete finishes techniques and really effective for their intended purposes.

Read More: Concrete Core Test | Concrete Core Test Procedure | Concrete Cores | Concrete Core Sample


FAQs:

What do you mean by Finish of Concrete?

A smooth surface formed with screeds and trowels is the most basic sort of concrete finish. Concrete finishers use a screed to level off the concrete surface immediately after it has been laid in form.

What is a Colouration of Concrete?

Colour is added to concrete to give it a look that matches the architecture of the surrounding structure. Mix-added pigments or post-cure staining, both of which are mentioned below, can be used to achieve this.

What is a Swirl Concrete finishes?

A swirl finish is a one-of-a-kind concrete finish that is achieved by spreading the concrete surface in a circular pattern that is evenly overlapping.

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