Types of Cork Flooring

Cork Flooring 101: Your Guide to Types of Cork Flooring for Homes and Offices

What Is Cork Flooring?

Cork flooring is a popular and eco-friendly flooring option that has been gaining popularity in recent years. The cork material is made from the bark of oak of the cork trees, which is harvested without harming the tree.

The bark is then boiled, sliced, and pressed to create large blocks of cork, which can be cut into tiles or planks for use as flooring.

Cork Flooring
Cork Flooring 101: Your Guide to Types of Cork Flooring for Homes and Offices 5

Cork flooring is known for its durability, low maintenance requirements, and insulation properties, as well as its unique and natural aesthetic. It is also considered a sustainable and environmentally-friendly choice, as cork oak trees can be harvested every nine years without harming the tree or the environment.

How to made cork flooring?

Cork flooring is made from the bark of the cork oak tree, which is mainly found in Mediterranean countries. The bark is harvested every nine years and left to dry for several months.

After drying, the cork is boiled to remove any debris and sorted into different grades depending on quality. The highest quality cork is used for flooring. The cork is then sliced into thin sheets, which are glued together to create a block.

The block is then sliced into tiles or planks of various sizes and thicknesses, which are sanded and finished with a protective coating to provide durability and longevity. It is a sustainable and eco-friendly option, as it is made from a renewable resource and is biodegradable.

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Types of cork flooring and benefits:

Cork Tiles: These are the most common type of cork flooring and are available in various sizes and thicknesses. Cork tiles can be installed with adhesive, or they may have a locking mechanism that allows for a floating installation.

Cork Planks: Similar to cork tiles, cork planks are larger and wider, mimicking the look of hardwood flooring. They can also be installed with adhesive or a floating installation.

Glue-down Cork: This flooring is glued directly to the subfloor and is a more permanent installation option.

Floating Cork: This flooring is not glued down, but rather, the planks or tiles interlock with each other and “float” above the subfloor.

Printed Cork: This flooring is made to look like other types of flooring, such as hardwood or tile, but still retains the benefits of cork flooring.

Pre-finished Cork: This flooring has already been finished with a protective coating before installation, making it easier to maintain.

How to Install Cork Flooring

How to Install Cork Flooring
Cork Flooring 101: Your Guide to Types of Cork Flooring for Homes and Offices 6

Installing cork flooring can be a straightforward process, but it does require some attention to detail and the right tools. Here are the basic steps for installing cork flooring:

Preparation of subfloor: This subfloor should be level, clean, and dry. Remove any existing flooring and check for any protruding nails or screws.

Measure the room and make layout: Secondly preciously Measure the room and plan the layout of the cork tiles or planks according to it.

Cutting tiles or planks: Use a utility knife or saw to cut the cork tiles or planks to fit around the edges of the room and any obstacles such as door frames.

Apply adhesive: Apply a cork-specific adhesive to the subfloor with a trowel, following the manufacturer’s instructions.

Install tiles or planks: Place the cork tiles or planks onto the adhesive, pressing firmly to ensure a good bond. Use spacers to maintain even gaps between the tiles or planks.

Finishing: Once the tiles or planks are installed, apply a sealant or finish to protect the cork and enhance its appearance.

Read More: Laminate Vs Vinyl Flooring

Cork flooring vs. other types of flooring

Cork floorings have several advantages over the other types of flooring, Firstly, it is a sustainable option that is made from a renewable resource and is biodegradable. Secondly, this flooring provides excellent sound absorption and thermal insulation, making it a comfortable flooring option.

In addition, cork flooring is easy to maintain and durable, with a lifespan of up to 30 years. Compared to hardwood or tile flooring, this flooring is softer underfoot and provides a natural cushioning effect, which can be beneficial for those with joint pain.

Overall, cork flooring is a unique and stylish option that offers many benefits over other types of flooring.


  • Environmentally Friendly
  • Thermal Insulation
  • Fire Resistance
  • Durability
  • Healthy
  • Safe
  • Aesthetically Good

Here, we explain the advantages of cork flooring in briefly,

Environmentally Friendly

This cork flooring is a fully sustainable type of flooring and it seeks a green choice when making this flooring the tree is not taken down and its bark regenerates after it has been taken away.

Thermal Insulation

This crock flooring has a natural thermal insulation property which makes low conductivity of heat and it is perfect for rooms that want to keep cool in summer and warm in winter.


This cork flooring resists abrasion and cracking and is impermeable to liquid and gas, the cork flooring also bounces back, so indentation caused by furniture won’t be permanent, when properly maintained the cork flooring and it can last 40 years or more.


This flooring wooden material is able to resist mildew, mold, and termite attack on flooring.


This cork material has fire-resistant properties and it will ignite at very high temperatures, during combustion, and before combustion, also the cork flooring generates less smoke and it releases less toxic material than other types of vinyl flooring.

Aesthetically good

cork flooring is available in various styles, colors, designs, and sizes, and it creates an almost seamless look as floors and uses tiles in single or alternating colors to create a non-traditional effect.


  • Remove Stains and Liquids
  • Scratch and Dents
  • Climate Sensitive
  • Light Sensitive

Here, we explain the disadvantages of cork flooring in briefly,

Remove Stains and Liquids

This cork flooring material is not waterproof, so it needs to be cleaned immediately after spills anything on the floor, if you ignore it for a while, even in the presence of water, a stain will remain and cost you money to refinish.

Scratches and Dents

This cork flooring is not scratch-proof you drag objects, other sharp objects or pet nails can scrape the floor, also you cannot frequently move heavy furniture, any objects, or electronic devices like washing machines, or refrigerators. Etc.

Climate Sensitive

This cork material is temperature sensitive kind of flooring and it alters its shape depending upon the weather and also it depends on the humidity in the air, so it expands and shrinks according to it.

Light Sensitive

Direct sunlight impacts the flooring’s finish and shine and it causes fading, so can protect your floors with the use of superior blinds, light-filtering drapers, and rugs.

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What is cork flooring?

Cork flooring is a type of natural flooring made from the bark of cork oak trees. The bark is harvested and then processed into thin sheets which are glued onto a backing material to create a flooring material that can be used in homes, offices, and other buildings.

How durable is cork flooring?

It is relatively durable and can last for many years with proper care and maintenance. It is resistant to dents and scratches, and its natural elasticity helps it to recover from impacts. However, it is not as hard as some other flooring materials, and may not be suitable for high-traffic areas or areas prone to heavy wear and tear.

Can cork flooring be installed in wet areas like bathrooms?

While cork flooring is naturally resistant to moisture and mold, it is not recommended for use in wet areas like bathrooms or kitchens. Exposure to excessive moisture can cause the cork to warp or swell, leading to damage or discoloration. However, some manufacturers offer specialized cork flooring that is designed for use in wet areas.

Can cork flooring be refinished?

It can be refinished to restore its appearance and extend its lifespan. However, the process of refinishing cork flooring is more complicated than refinishing hardwood flooring and may require the services of a professional. Refinishing involves sanding the cork down to remove any scratches or stains, and then resealing it with a new layer of finish.

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