Difference Between Footing and Foundation | What Is Footing | Difference between Foundation and Footing | Footing vs Foundation

Difference Between Footing and Foundation | What Is Footing | Difference between Foundation and Footing | Footing vs Foundation7 min read

Difference Between Footing and Foundation

The following is the comparison of footing vs foundation

Footing Foundation
A part of the foundation which is in contact with the ground.A component of the building that transfers its structural loads to the earth from the superstructure.
A structure that transfers the load from the superstructure to this ground The foundation which is in contact with the earth.
This provides support to the entire building.This provides support to individual columns.
It analogized with the feet of the leg. It can be analogized with the feet of the leg.
Foundation are of two types, shallow & deep foundation This footing is a type of shallow foundation
This is the basement of the wall This is under the foundation wall.
This Footing includes slab, rebar which are fabricated of brickwork, masonry or concrete. Foundation types include piles, caissons, footings, piers, the lateral supports, and anchors.
Footing reinforces support to an individual column. This is Foundation is extensive support because it gives support to a group of footings as an entire building
The number of footings repose on a foundation. This Foundation is the support that bears all kinds of loadings.
This is Footing transmits loads directly to the soil. This is the foundation is in direct contact with the soil and transmits it to the ground.
All foundations can’t be footing But all footings are foundations.
Types: Strip footing.
Spread or isolated footing.
Combined footing Strap
Types: Shallow foundation and Deep foundation

What Is Foundation?

 difference between footing and foundation
Foundation

Foundation is the lowest part of any structure, which has the main function is to take load coming from upper components and safely transfer it to the below soil. Generally, foundations are of two types named as the shallow foundation and deep foundation.

A shallow foundation transfers the load to the shallow depth up to 1.5m. The deep foundation transfers the load to deeper into hard strata below the ground surface having depth more than 1.5m.

A shallow foundation is used for low height structure which has horizontal spread more than vertical height. A high rise building like a skyscraper or a building constructed on very weak soil requires a deep foundation. If the building is like to extend vertically in the future, then a deep foundation must be suggested.

Read More: Types Of Foundation & Their Uses In Building Construction


Types of Shallow Foundation

Following are the different type of shallow foundation,


Types of Deep Foundation

Following are the different types of deep foundation,

  • Basements.
  • Buoyancy rafts (hollow box foundations)
  • Caissons.
  • Cylinders.
  • Shaft foundations.
  • Pile foundations.

Why Foundation is Required?

Following are the main purpose of proving the foundation to any structure,

  • Foundation is a major factor that provides stability to any structure. As the foundation is strong, a more stable structure becomes.
  • The properly designed and reinforced foundation offers a great level surface for the upper substructure and provides a firm bed for construction.
  • The well-designed foundation plays a major role in avoiding the lateral movements of the supporting material.
  • A foundation is essential for the proper distribution of structural load. This proper distribution helps in avoiding unequal settlement of the building. Differential settlement is an undesirable building effect.
  • Its main function is to transfer the load from the structure over a large base area and then to the soil underneath. The load transfer by foundation should be within the allowable bearing capacity of the soil.

Read More: Footing vs foundation


What Is Footing Foundation?

A footing is the part of the foundation which supports it and transfers the load to the larger area on soil, so it safe the foundation from the settlement. It is generally provided with reinforcement and cast with concrete. Footings are majorly used in conjunction with shallow foundations commonly. The width and depth of any footing mainly depend on the type of soil and the size and type of foundation.

 difference between footing and foundation
Footings

Read More: 9 Types Of Building Foundation Materials


Types of Footings

Following are the different types of footings,


Expert Words: Foundation Vs Footing

Foundation and footing are not two different components of building construction. In fact, both are a single component of building structure. The footing is the lowest part of any foundation.

Foundation has the lowest part made with footing reinforced with rebar. Types of the foundation are selected on the basis of depth of footing, types of soil, and structure. Generally, footings have more type in shallow depth foundation compare to the deep foundation.

Finally, foundation and footing are the single components of any building structure; the main difference is that footing lowest part of the foundation.

So, we can say their is clear difference between footing and foundation.

Watch Video: Different Types of Foundation


FAQs:

Footing vs Foundation

1. A part of the foundation which is in contact with the ground is a footing and a component of the building that is transferring its structural loads to the soil is Foundation.
2. Footing has the function of providing support to the building while the foundation provides support to columns.
3. The comparative difference is that all footings are foundations but all foundations are not footings

What Comes First Footing or Foundation?

When Footings and Foundations are embedded to form a complete substructure, first footing is laid on soil which is followed by foundation, which bears load of columns.

Do all foundations have footings?

Generally, most of the foundations have footings however it is not necessary to install footing beneath the foundation when soils are losing or weak in a caring load of the structure. Footings are known to perform well in good soil conditions but are not suitable for poor soils having low bearing capacity.

Define Footings

A footing is the part of the foundation which supports it and transfers the load to the larger area on soil, so it safe the foundation from the settlement. It is generally provided with reinforcement and cast with concrete. Footings are majorly used in conjunction with shallow foundations commonly. The width and depth of any footing mainly depend on the type of soil and the size and type of foundation.

What Is a Footing

A footing is the one of component of foundation which supports it and transfers the load to the larger area on soil, so it safe the foundation from the settlement. It is provided with reinforcement and cast with concrete. Footings are majorly used in conjunction with shallow foundations commonly


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