Innovation in Construction is also supported by Innovative Construction Materials besides technologies and trends.
New construction materials and technology helps in improving the efficiency of the construction process.
In this article, we will discuss the latest innovations in civil engineering materials,
Latest Innovative Construction Materials
Following are the innovative construction materials,
1. Translucent Concrete
The concrete structure is known more for its stability than its great lighting. That was until translucent concrete started to make its way onto the market—this best innovation in construction materials for decorating purposes.
Translucent concrete is manufactured by using glass fiber optical strands, which create a solid but sheer block. LitraCon, known as transparent concrete can be used in flooring and pavement.
From Research and testing of transparent concrete, it is clear that the optical fibers make up only 4 percent of the mixture. So it shows that concrete blocks made from this material still have the ability to support load-bearing walls.
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Think about if you walk across your kitchen floor to get something from the refrigerator, the floor twinkles with a lighted path that guides your way through the darkroom. this is now possible if you had SensiTiles.
In this type of tile, concrete acrylic fiber-optic channels that transfer light from one point to another are embedded.
As a person moves across Terrazzo’s surface, the light channels flicker with a randomized, twinkling effect.
Tiles are available for use as flooring, in bathrooms, and even ceilings, so you can have twinkling lights follow you all over the house.
3. Electrified Wood
Now you may never have to deal with the Bunch of wires that you need to handle while lighting for home decoration purposes.
The Wood European manufacturing company has materials that can incorporate a source of electricity directly into tables and chairs.
In that system they inserted two metal layers pressed between the wood of the furniture, making it possible to pass an electrical current through the whole thing.
The power is supplied by 12-volt power fed to the metal layers via one connector, and lamps and other devices can be connected via the other.
But there is a doubt that if this furniture will work with all electrical outlets, but we’re for any piece of furniture that means we don’t have to find a way to tie all our wires together.
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This material name Flexicomb describes itself quite well. The material was designed by PadLab’s Dan Gottlieb while he was still an undergraduate at the Yale School of Architecture.
This material is made up of a flexible honeycomb matrix, which can be used to build lighting fixtures, furniture, and sculptural installations.
The Flexicomb material is made from thousands of closely packed polypropylene tubes that will bend in the convex direction while remaining rigid in the concave one.
Flexicomb can be used for almost any imaginable purpose. This is a game-changing innovation in construction materials.
A Countertop like wood made of paper might not sound too strong, but a Richlite counter material is almost indistinguishable from one made of wood.
The material is made with 70 % of recycled paper. This countertops material is made by treating paper with resin and then baking it to create solid sheets.
This material was first used in the aerospace, boating, and sports industries as reinforcement for surfaces like fiberglass, but now is available for architectural purposes as well.
6. Self-Healing Cement
It is important Innovative Construction Materials. Lots of research have been done to replace concrete, but cement is still evolving.
A newly invented self-healing cement is currently being developed which has the ability to repair its own cracks.
This cement is manufactured by mixed with microcapsules that release a glue-like epoxy resin that will automatically repair any cracks that form in the sidewalk or roadway.
It is a material that can absorb or release large amounts of heat have also been included in the ingredients.
This material can save energy by developing buildings that can control their own temperature, and save money on repairs
7. Carbon Fiber
Carbon fiber is a material that is extremely strong and light-weighted. The carbon fiber material is 5 times as strong as steel, two times as stiff, yet weighs about two-thirds less.
These fibers are made up of carbon strands that are thinner than a human hair. The carbon strands can be woven together, like cloth, and then they can be molded to any shape you might want.
In addition, carbon fibers are strong as well as flexible, so it’s the perfect material for construction projects in areas that are exposed to hurricanes and tornados.
Also Read: Latest Innovation in Civil Engineering
8. Liquid Granite
It is essential Innovative Construction Material. According to its inventor, liquid granite has the ability to completely replace cement in concrete.
Liquid Granite is lightweight and has the same load-bearing capacity as cement, but is made of recycled materials. this material has none of the environmental impacts that cement and concrete do.
Liquid Granite is made up of between 30 and 70 percent recycled material and uses less than one-third of the cement used in precast concrete.
So it can greatly reduce carbon footprint and liquid granite is also fire resistant.
It can handle temperatures of up to 1,100 degrees Celsius while still maintaining its structural properties. it does not explode in high temperatures like concrete.
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9. Bendable Concrete
Normally concrete is a very brittle material; any buckling or bending will cause it to crack. This problem of concrete can be removed by new fiber-reinforced bendable concrete might just be putting an end to that issue.
The new fiber-reinforced bendable concrete is around 500 times more resistant to cracking than regular concrete thanks to the tiny fibers, which account for two percent of its makeup. There are new construction materials in civil engineering.
The fibers inside the concrete slide within the concrete when bending occurs, providing it with enough give to prevent breakage.
In addition, this concrete has a much longer life expectancy, which means it will cost less in the long run too. it is important Innovative Construction Material.
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10. Concrete Canvas
- It is a flexible cement-impregnated fabric that hardens on hydration to form a thin, durable waterproof, and
- In this type of concrete, it is just required to Add Water on a roll.
- CC is available in man-portable rolls for applications with limited access or where heavy plant equipment is not available.
- Once hydrated, CC remains workable for 2 hours and hardens to 80% strength within 24 hours
- Rapid, Flexible, Strong, Durable, Water Proof, Fire Proof, CO2 Savings, Low Wash Out, Environment agency Approval (UK)
11. Low-E Glass / Films
Low-E glass is window glass that has invisible metal or metallic oxide invisible coating, creating a surface that reflects heat while allowing light to pass through.
This type of glass is proven to reduce energy consumption, decrease fading of fabrics, such as window treatments, and increase overall comfort in your home.
12. Transparent Aluminum
Transparent Aluminum has extremely-durable crystalline material with excellent optical transparency
- It is essential Innovative Construction Material.
- It has clarity
- The total absence of birefringence Outstanding hardness and high strength. Available in a wide variety of sizes, shapes thicknesses
- Produced using proven ceramic forming processes
- Cost-effective advanced material
- it can be Applicable to a wide variety of industries including aerospace, security, defense and Semiconductor, Energy, and consumer products.
13. Pigmented Concrete
To obtain pigmented concrete, pigment admixtures are added to the raw materials of concrete while it’s mixing. This addition results in colored concrete.
Pigmented concrete enhances the aesthetics. It also helps in building contrast with the surroundings in terms of color.
14. Light-generating Cement
This light-generating innovative type of cement has absorbed the sunlight in the daytime and emits light in the nighttime, and this innovative allows the crystallization properties for breaking up and allows the light to pass through making it opaque.
This cement is used in swimming pools, roads, parking areas, and facades, and also used in making road sign due to its lighting emitting properties.
Cement is composed of industrial waste, alkali, water, silica, and river sand.
15. Pollution Absorbing Brick
These bricks are porous concrete blocks designed faceted for directing airflow to a system. And also this brick is cheap compared to a mechanical filtration system, and the main upside is that does not require skilled labor for construction and uses lesser energy.
16. Wool Brick
This wool brick is made up of clay, combines wool, and natural polymer, and uses naturally available materials, manufacturing wool brick is an excellent step towards sustainable construction, because it has a zero carbon product.
17. Biologically produce furniture
This biologically produced furniture created through this material, small chair and lounge for kids. the furniture is made of special material is name Mycoform, which is made by combining wood chips, oat, gypsum bran together with a fungus called ganoderma lucidum.
18. Hydro ceramic
Recently the researchers developed a new prototype material called hydrodynamics, and it can reduce the internal temperature by as much as 5 degree Celsius compared to the outer temperature.
This cooling effect of hydro ceramic comes from the presence of hydrogel in its structure which absorbs the water up to 500 times its weight and this type of innovative cooling system despite being cost-effective and cheaper. Also, it reduces the air conditioning bills by 28%age.
What are the latest building materials?
Some of the new building materials are gaining popularity through their excellent properties. Few are listed below:
1. Air Cleaning Bricks
2. Mass Timber
3. Self-Healing Materials
4. Passive Cooling Ceramics
5. Strand Rods
6. Passive Cooling Ceramics
What is innovation in construction?
Innovation in construction materials implies the development of the quality and properties characteristics of the building material. The reform can be brought in the previous material keeping the useful properties the same or a new material i.e alternative to the previous one can be introduced. Innovation in construction materials also implies improvements in processes, products, or services of construction.
What are innovative construction materials?
Some of the innovative ideas about construction materials are listed below,
1. Translucent Concrete
2. Sensi Tile
3. Electrified Wood
6. Self-Healing Cement
7. Carbon Fiber
8. Liquid Granite, etc.
What are smart construction materials?
Materials with adaptive properties to their environment i.e they have the capabilities to act and respond to their surrounding changes are considered to be smart materials.
While they are capable of responding to the environment they are exposed to, the response should be beneficial to be called smart materials.
latest innovations in civil engineering materials
The following are innovative building materials used in civil engineering,
1. Self-healing Concrete
2. Cross-laminated timber
3. Carbon Fiber
4. Liquid Granite
5. Zero-carbon cement
6. Transparent Aluminum
7. Mushroom insulation.
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