8 Types Of Concrete Pumps

What Is A Concrete Pump?

A Concrete Pump is used in conveying freshly mixed concrete from the containers to where it needs to be filled at the construction site and thus, it is an important part of any construction project. Concrete Pumps are the most favored method of transferring liquid concrete nowadays and are a common appliance on building sites now.

The types of concrete pumps available cater to various construction needs, providing solutions for projects of different scales, locations, and requirements.

Concrete Pump on Construction Site
Concrete Pump

The concrete pumps lead to less consumption of water as compared to other ordinary concrete pouring techniques. Thus, when the concrete is poured, it won’t show shrinking and cracking properties at all and it will maintain its strength.

Read More: Vacuum Concrete – Pros & Cons

Types of Concrete Pumps

There are various types of concrete pumps designed for different construction needs. Here are common types of concrete pumps.

Types of Concrete Pumps
Concrete Pumps

1. Truck-Mounted Concrete Pumps

Truck-Mounted Concrete Pumps
Truck-Mounted Concrete Pumps

Truck-mounted concrete pumps epitomize mobility and versatility. Mounted on a truck chassis, these pumps can navigate construction sites with ease, delivering concrete to different locations effortlessly. Suited for large-scale projects, these pumps are equipped to handle high volumes of concrete efficiently.

2. Trailer-Mounted Concrete Pumps

Trailer-Mounted Concrete Pumps
Trailer-Mounted Concrete Pumps

For projects requiring a nimble approach, trailer-mounted concrete pumps offer a practical solution. Towed by a vehicle, these pumps provide the flexibility to transport concrete to sites with limited access, making them ideal for smaller construction endeavors.

3. Boom or Truck-Mounted Concrete Pump

Boom or Truck-Mounted Concrete Pump
Boom or Truck-Mounted Concrete Pump

When precision in concrete placement is paramount, the boom or truck-mounted concrete pump takes center stage. Featuring a robotic arm or boom, these pumps enable accurate placement of concrete at considerable heights and distances. They find their calling in high-rise construction and projects with intricate demands.

4. Stationary Concrete Pumps

In scenarios where a continuous, high-volume supply of concrete is required, stationary concrete pumps take the spotlight. Fixed in place, these pumps efficiently deliver concrete to specific locations, making them ideal for large-scale projects demanding consistency and reliability.

5. Specialized Usage Pumps

The construction landscape often presents unique challenges, and specialized usage pumps are designed to meet these specific needs. Whether it’s high-pressure pumping or handling concrete with additives, these pumps are crafted for distinct applications, such as tunnel construction, bridges, or precast concrete production.

6. Shotcrete or Gunite Machine

Shotcrete or Gunite Machine
Shotcrete or Gunite Machine

For applications demanding precision and versatility, the shotcrete or gunite machine comes into play. This pump propels dry mix or wet mix concrete through a hose, allowing it to be sprayed onto surfaces. It is widely used in slope stabilization, tunnel construction, and swimming pool projects.

7. High-Pressure Trailer Pumps

High-Pressure Trailer Pumps
High-Pressure Trailer Pumps

When the need arises to pump concrete over extended distances or to greater heights, high-pressure trailer pumps rise to the occasion. Capable of handling higher pressures, they ensure a reliable and efficient flow of concrete, making them suitable for projects with challenging vertical or horizontal pumping requirements.

8. Dual-Piston Concrete Pump

The dual-piston concrete pump introduces a mechanism that employs two pistons to push concrete through the pipeline. This design enhances the consistency and control of the concrete flow, making it suitable for applications where a smooth and controlled delivery is essential.

Dual-Piston Concrete Pump
Dual-Piston Concrete Pump

As construction projects continue to diversify, the array of concrete pumps available ensures that there is a tailored solution for every need. The choice of a concrete pump depends on factors such as project scale, accessibility, and specific requirements, reflecting the adaptability of these machines to the dynamic demands of the construction industry.

Benefits of Using Concrete Pumping In Construction Compared to Ordinary Concrete Placing

Factors to be Considered Concrete PumpingOrdinary Concrete Placing
Faster concrete placementSpeed of the placing is always an important factor when it comes to a big-sized construction project. The main benefits of concrete pumping are that it is a faster way to pour concrete on-site than other traditional methods.In ordinary concrete placing more time required in placing of concrete. When a concrete pump is not used on-site the smaller equipment may have to be moved around to different locations to finish one pour.
Less laborConcrete pumping generally requires less in the way of labor than other methods of concrete placing. Also, the site will seem less congested and use labors for other important tasks when the concrete is placed directly.When it is required to place the concrete manually on-site required more labor and also the quality of pouring concrete depends on the workmanship of laborers.
Quality of concreteWith concrete pumping, less water is needed than with other methods. This means that when concrete is placed it won’t shrink and crack at all and it will maintain its strength. Pumping of concrete ensures the strong and durable concrete over its entire life span.Quality of placing of concrete cannot be maintained by placing concrete manually because it depends on weathering conditions. Also, cause bleeding and shrinkage problems which deteriorate the strength of concrete.
Concrete pouring accuracyFor complex locations like high-rise buildings and insulated concrete form walls accuracy is most important, which can be maintained by concrete pumping.In complex or congested location normal placing of concrete can not be feasible as placing become difficult and also cause segregation of ingredients of concrete.
Convenience in placing concreteThe concrete pumping system is just more convenient than the old mix and pours methods. Boom arms can reach over the top of the house or other structures to place the concrete in locations where other types of machinery can’t reach.It becomes more difficult to pour the concrete if it is required to place the concrete on high-rise buildings which cause more labor force and more wastage of material in conveying from a place of mixing to placing.
Faster progress of workIn concrete pumping, the pouring of concrete is done using a pump so discharge or quantity of concrete produced is more which may lead to faster progress in construction work.In the ordinary placing method, concrete is transporting by labors using pan or buckets which cause delays or consuming more time in concrete.
Weathering conditionsConcrete placed by pumping is not affected by atmospheric conditions as it is transferred by means Water losses may have occurred in the concrete mix while it is placing during hot weather conditions may lead to shrinkage of concrete.

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