There are three major parties engaged in each construction project: the owner, the contractor, as well as the management team. A building contractor is always responsible for planning and coordinating construction activities, as well as ensuring that the project is completed on time and within budget.
There are different types of contractors in construction for each specific work because every work needs different skill and execution standards. The contractors are responsible for the whole construction phase as well as must select the most effective techniques for completing the project according to the specifications.
20 Types of Contractors In Construction
Big construction projects may need the involvement of a greater number of contracting firms to complete. Many various categories of contractors may be on the site at the same time, conducting the same task in different places.
Even a simple residential house project might need the involvement of a few or more contractors as well as subcontractors before the job is certified as complete.
There are many different types
Let’s take a look at a few of the most common types of contractors.
1. Trade Contractor
A trade contractor is a subcontractor who focuses on a specific aspect of a construction project. The trade contractors perform a wide range of tasks in a variety of locations, including repair, renovation, and construction.
In the construction industry, the word trade contractor can refer to a variety of jobs, including electricians and plumbers, that are both relatively common.
Every registered trade contractor focuses on a distinct area of expertise. Several types of contractors trade specialize in the installation of ventilation, heating, and air conditioning systems, as well as anything else related to managing a building’s temperature and environment.
Some are more concerned with the establishment of building safety systems. Sprinklers, Alarm systems, and attention to the building’s fire rules are examples of these systems.
2. Management Contractor
Management contracting is a procuring approach in that a management contractor contracts with a number of different work contractors to do the task.
The client often appoints the management contractor early in the design phase so that their expertise may be applied to improving the cost as well as buildability of concepts as they grow, and also providing packaging advice and risks of interfaces.
3. Approved Contractor
The types of contractors have proved that they possess the knowledge, ability, resources as well as desire to tender for the project.
4. Prime Contractor
The prime contractor is indeed the project’s main contractor. The prime contractor, also known as the general contractor, is responsible for all aspects of a project and works on it continuously throughout its duration.
The project must be completed on time as well as within budget. They employ and lead other contractors, referred to as subcontractors, although they are not better than them.
When a project owner doesn’t want to get directly engaged or needs someone with more expertise than a project manager, they can employ a prime contractor to handle the project’s leadership as well as coordination. Several of its responsibilities are equivalent to those of the project manager, such as maintaining work on time.
5. Work Package Contractor
The specialist contractor focuses on certain parts of maintenance as well as replacement work. For example, Servicing specialist installation including building management networks as well as fuel installations; finishes and fittings, structure, Building fabric, furniture and equipment maintenance; grounds maintenance activities and landscape management; or labor only.
These types of contractors can always be hired immediately by the Employer or through the Maintenance Contractor, based on the contract approach.
Read More: 20 Conditions Of Contract In Construction
6. Integrated Supply Team
The phrase “integrated supply team” refers to the integration of the entire supply chain engaged in a project’s delivery. The main contractor, subcontractors, designers, facility managers, suppliers, and others may be included.
The phrase “integrated supply team” varies from “integrated project team” in that the former refers mainly to the principal contractor as well as their supply chain (subcontractors, designers, suppliers, and so on), while the latter includes a client with, if applicable, a project manager.
7. Design And Build Contractor
The design and build is a procurement approach for which the main contractor is selected to design as well as execute the works, as contrasted to a standard contract for which the client chooses experts to design development, and later the contractor is engaged to execute the work.
These types of contractors are responsible for both the design as well as the construction of a project.
8. Design, Build, And Manage Contractor
The contractor is hired not just to design and construct the works, but mainly to manage them while they are in operation, often giving operational support in addition to building maintenance, including such as staff, cleaning, and so on.
The subcontractor is a contractor engaged by the general contractor or main contractor or prime contractor, to complete a certain work as an element of a larger project, and who is generally paid for activities supplied to a project by the original general contractor.
The subcontractor is a business or someone who performs work for another firm as part of a bigger project. The subcontractors perform the activities which the contractor is unable to complete but is still responsible for within a company’s contract.
The subcontractors are not really a part of the firm; you do not even monitor or control them, give them directions about how to do their tasks, or have line management duties on them. These contractors can be hired as fixed-term contracts, task-based contracts with no defined end date, or lengthy projects.
10. Domestic Subcontractor
The domestic subcontractor is a subcontractor who works with the main contractor to provide or fix materials or products, as well as to do work that is a portion of the main contract.
Because construction has become more difficult well as much more specific construction methods have been invented, firms are increasingly common for contractors to subcontractors instead of hiring a huge workforce directly.
11. Construction Manager
The construction managers are responsible for overseeing as well as leading a variety of construction projects from start to finish.
A construction manager is usually hired earlier in the design phase so that their knowledge may be applied to optimize the cost as well as constructability of projects as they improve and to provide guidance on packaging, package interface hazards, and trade contractor selection.
The construction managers are in charge of establishing and maintaining schedules, monitoring funds, as well as ensuring that everyone is performing their tasks daily.
The construction managers generally engage with so many working relationships that exist on a construction site as well as help ensure that the workplace is free of safety concerns.
12. Nominated Subcontractor
The nominated subcontract is one that is chosen by the consumer to complete specified sections of the project, which is forced on the main contractor, as well as the main contractor having no control over who the selected subcontractor can be.
Thus, the employment of nominated subcontractors creates a direct contractual connection between the consumer as well as the subcontractor.
The main contractor may still benefit from the usage of nominated subcontractors on site, but have to give ‘presence,’ which is often the supply of water, electricity, restrooms, as well as other supplies, to allow the nominated subcontractor to accomplish his work.
13. Named Subcontractor
The named subcontractor works in the same way as a domestic subcontractor, as well as is a subcontractor whose contracts with the main contractor to carry out aspects of the job after being chosen by them from a list of acceptable contractors identified by the client.
Even though they were initially recommended into the contract by the client, the named subcontractor is ultimately employed by the main contractor but not the client.
Naming a subcontractor gives the client greater involvement in who the main contractor selects as a subcontractor while keeping the element of choice as well as the responsibility of assessing their progress.
This is considered an excellent alternative to nominating subcontractors, particularly because nominated subcontractors are no longer available under several contract types.
14. Works Contractor
Management contracting is a procurement approach for which the activities are performed by a number of separate work contractors who are contracted to the management contractor.
The management types of contractors are mostly employed earlier in the design phase so that their expertise may be useful to improve the cost as well as buildability of projects as they improve and to provide packaging advice.
Management contracting varies with construction management in that management contractors handle the activities directly with the contractors, while construction managers simply handle the trade contracts, which are arranged by the client. As principal contractors are responsible for controlling safety and health hazards throughout the construction process, they must have the necessary knowledge, skills, experience, and organizational capabilities to carry out work.
15. Principal Contractor
In a project with many types of contractors, the primary contractor is the one in charge of the construction process. The client (commercial or domestic) appoints them in contract to plan, manage, monitor, as well as coordinate safety and health throughout this period.
16. Supplier Contractor
The broad phrase refers to someone who provides services or items to a client or to some other supplier in the supply chain. Typically, suppliers are thought to be companies that have been engaged to give physical supplies including materials, goods, as well as plants.
In construction projects, the word “supplier” relates to any firm that is employed to contribute to the delivery of the built asset.
17. Specialist Contractor
The suppliers of specialized aspects of the project usually contribute to the design. Specialized parts which are properly designed in detail by their manufacturers or installers must be included in development plans.
Lifts, cladding systems, escalators, refrigeration units, switchgear, air conditioning systems, and heating ventilation, cleaning cradles, and so on are examples of such items.
In such circumstances, it is sometimes advisable to secure this expert design before a supply contract being offered, so that they may be correctly integrated into the entire design as well as no delays or adjustments are required.
Responsibility Of Contractor
- The contractor is responsible for designing, planning, executing, monitoring, as well as inspecting a building construction project in general. Regardless of the project’s scope, the responsibility continues from the beginning to the finish.
- A contractor is responsible for providing all materials, workers, machinery, and other items needed to complete the task as specified in the contract.
- The contractor must complete the work according to the plans as well as specifications, and the engineer’s instructions.
- Before beginning any new item or covering up any work, the contractor should notify the supervising engineer.
- On the work site, the contractor should appoint a skilled person to whom instructions and directions may be given.
- The contractor must follow all applicable labor rules as well as make timely payments to both his workers and subcontractors.
- Throughout the execution of a work, the contractor is responsible for any harm to individuals or surrounding properties.
- A contractor should provide all necessary support to the engineer in determining the work lines as well as levels.
- When necessary, the contractor must submit the bills of work.
- The contractor is responsible for the security of all workers as well as staff on the work site and should give them safety clothing such as safety shoes and helmets.
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