Light switches are an essential part of any electrical system that controls the lighting in a building or space. The type of light switch used can greatly affect the functionality and aesthetics of a room. There are several light switches available, each with its own unique characteristics and applications.
Some of the most common light switches include toggle switches, rocker switches, dimmer switches, motion-sensor switches, and smart switches. In this guide, we will explore the different types of light switches, their functions, and the factors to consider when choosing a light switch for a specific application.
25 Types of light switches
The following are different types of light switches,
- Toggle Switches
- Single Pole Switches
- Double Pole Switches
- Rocker Switches
- Four Way Switches
- Three-way switches
- Dimmer Switches
- Push Button Switches
- Selector Switches
- Proximity Light Switches
- Pull Chord Switches
- Touch Plate Switches
- Wireless Switches
- Motion-activated Light Switches
- Sound activated Switches
- Vandal Proof Switches
- Australian-type rocker switches
- Photoelectric Light Switches
- Mercury Switches
- Illuminated Switches
- Multi-way Switches
- Smart Switches
- Recessed Plate Light Switches
1. Toggle Switches or Flip Switches
The toggle lighting switches are designed and patented by William j. Newton and Morris Goldberg in 1916. This switch is manually operated the same as other switches and is extremely simple to use it.
These toggle light switches have a small handle that sticks out a little from the switch box, the switch in the form of a lever that moves down and moves up through a small round arc.
The switches need to be covered because if switches do snag on clothing and accidentally off the switch, also extension handle can be attached to the toggle handles.
2. Single Pole Switches
Mostly every residential home uses single pole switches for lighting; this is used to operate electric devices that consume up to 120VAC of Power.
These light switches use a single mechanism for turning on and turning off the lighting, generally, this single pole switch has on and off markings on its toggle switch, and also it is inexpensive in terms of money, easy to install, and easy to use.
3. Double Pole Switches
This Double pole switches are pretty similar to single pole switches but the only main difference is that you can operate two connections from a single location means two for one or single device and two for another device and they all are controlled by a single level of lighting switch.
These light switches are mostly used in homes and factories, and also they are used for higher power current loads, they can handle devices that operate on up to 240 V.
This double pole switch is ideal for motors, machinery, and heating appliances, as compared to the single pole switch they have a four brass terminal instead of two, and also a ground terminal in case there is a short circuit.
4. Rocker Switch
Rocker switches are similar to the Australian rocker switches, they are mostly used in New Zealand, the US, the EU, India, and other parts of Asia. It is also known as Decorative Switches.
This is a compact type of light switch and it can be installed even in a wide door frame. And it is functionally similar to the toggle switches but has an appealing look.
5. Three-Way Switches
These three-way switches consist of three terminals in one terminal is common while the other two terminals are called traveler contacts that carry hot wires.
In staircase lighting, one light is controlled by two switches that are placed at end of the staircase.
6. Four-Way Switches
These four-way switches are not commonly used in residential lighting circuits, but it is mostly used in commercial places or warehouse, and also the four-way switch works similarly to the three-way switch mechanism.
7. Dimmer Switches
Dimmer Switches as the name suggests, the dimmer switch is used for lowering the brightness or intensity of the light, generally, this switch is used to customize the ambient light of a room depending on the situation at home.
These dimmable light switches are generally known as rotary switches, the knob in a switch is used for controlling the amount of current flow to the bulb, and this system helps to adjust the intensity of light.
Its application is easy to use means simply rotating them right and left and turning them on and off this dimmer switch is also available in the form of touch switches.
8. Push Button Switches
Commonly in residential areas used in bathroom and vanity area lighting and with exhaust fans, basically in this switch two types of push button switches.
It stays pushed down until you push the button again. This is an older model and is still used today because it’s easy to use and very convenient design.
9. Proximity Light Switches
These proximity light switches are excellent for energy conservation, this switch uses a sensor for detecting the presence of people in a room and is close to the detector.
The switch is on automatically when this system detects the people inside the room and turns off the lights automatically when people leave the room. The biggest advantage of using these proximity light switches can help you save electricity and money.
10. Selector Light Switches
The selector light switch styles generally come in the form of rotary switches, the dial you switch between different modes. Some selector light switches are also using multiple push buttons to set the light but this process is annoying and confusing.
11. Photoelectric Light Switches
Photoelectric light switches are equipped with a sensor that detects the level of light, particularly outdoors. The light will be automatically turned on when the sensor detects the light level reduced on the outside.
These photoelectric light switches are used for street lights, also you can use the backyard porch portion and other outdoor areas on your properties.
12. Pull Chord Switch
A Pull chord switch is also called a Pull chain switch it is used for ceiling fans, basement lights exhaust fans, and also used in garages. It consists of chords and pulling the chain or cord and is operated with the help of the pulling cord. Also, the chain is attached to a toggle switch.
Once activate the light and pull the chain a second time turn off the light automatically.
If the chain is made up of non-conductive material or insulating material then it is not safe for damp environments such as a musty basement. Generally, it is made up of beaded metal chains or cloth ropes.
13. Touch Plate Switches
These touch plate switches are as the name suggests simple and functional if you touch the switch plate, which means simply you touch them once to turn it on and again to turn it off.
They don’t have any moving parts such as a rocker switch or toggle switch. You simply touch the switch plate.
14. Wireless Switch
This wireless light switch can be controlled by handheld transmitters; they make use of radio transmission for operating it, nowadays an improvement in technology you don’t even need a remote for it to light it can be easily controlled by Wi-Fi and Bluetooth from your smartphone.
There is a receiver and transmitter that communicates over radio frequency, that transmitter is generally held by any person and the receiver is placed near the object that requires the switch.
Some smart light switches offer other capabilities such as color selection and dimming the light means the brightness of the light.
15. Motion Activated Light Switches
Motion-activated light switches as the name suggest this sensor detect the visual body heat from humans and animals or detect the changing sound wave then automatically turn on the lights. Also, these light switches are mainly installed for security purposes.
16. Sound Activated Light Switches
These light switches you see in TV Shows and Movies can be switched turn on or turned off using a clap of your hands, it’s only possible due to sound-activated light switches, they can be controlled by knocks or snaps, sometimes also known as a clap switch.
Its mechanism is pretty simple means it simply detects the sound with the use of a sound sensor and then it turns off and turns on; also it gives a modern touch to your house, office, and many more.
You do not have to walk and switch on or off the lights then these sound-activated light switches are best for them, also easy to use, it is used for both side like the indoor side of the house and outdoor house lighting.
17. Mercury Switches or Quiet Switches
This mercury switch is mainly used for some special applications of lighting, this consists of a small glass-type bulb with two contacts and a blob of mercury inside. When the switch is tilted, the mercury blob shorts that two contacts and activate the light, so it is also known as the “Tilt Switch”.
The most important thing is that when the connecting circuit does not snap loudly, it needs a quiet background sometimes called a “QUITE SWITCHES”
18. Illuminated Switches
The illuminated switch was introduced in the 1950s and it became a popular fixture in households, This illuminated switch is nothing completely new type of switch but it is a rocker type or toggle type of light switch that consists of a small neon color lamp that acts as an indicator.
The neon lamp works with dual purposes, the first one is to indicate the switch is off or on from a walk distance, and the most important second is to locate the switch during the dark time or we can also say night time.
So that is more functional for warehouses, garages, and scary areas of properties and also suitable for the kitchen and bathroom areas of the house.
When the toggle switch is turned on at that time the neon lamp near the switch is also turned on same as the toggle switch is off at that time same the neon lamp is off.
19. Multi-way switches
As the name suggests Multi way switches are a combination of three-way switches and four-way switches and they can be used for controlling light from two or more locations, it is possible due to additional contacts and wires to control the single light from multiple locations.
This switch is commonly used for stairways, long hallways, corridors, and many more.
20. Smart Switches
Most modern and luxurious houses have multiple internet-connected devices and one electronic smart device is a smart switch, it is connected to the house’s Wi-Fi and you can easily control the switch with the help of a smartphone and also a fancy voice assistant Google Home assistant, and Amazon Alexa.
21. Vandal Proof Switches
This vandal-proof switch also known as a Vandal Resistant Switch is generally used for vending machine areas, public areas, pedestrian crossings, power tools, controlling voting machines, security alarms, and many more.
22. Australian-type rocker switches
The vandal-proof switch is generally protected by stainless steel and a heavy-duty plastic case and it is moisture-proof and dirt-free.
This Australian rocker switch is a smaller variant of the rocker type switch, the main advantage of this type of switch is that it is compact and smaller in size and even be installed in the wide frame of a door, due to its size you can install multiple switches in a single house.
23. Recessed Light Switches
This recessed Light Switch controls the lights below the table, counter, floor with the use of a recessed plate, and the commonly used bathroom area, kitchen sink, and etc.
The recessed light switch is generally installed in a pair of short wires that connect in a parallel direction.
Whenever you install these types of light switches in your home before ensuring they have proper or we can say aqueduct clearance from the floors.
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