Different Types of Partition Walls: A Comprehensive Guide

Partition walls are an essential element of modern construction, used to divide spaces and create functional areas within a building. A partition wall is a non-load-bearing wall that separates one room or space from another. These walls are typically used to divide large open spaces into smaller, more manageable areas or to create additional rooms within a building.

In this article, we will explore the various types of partition walls that are commonly used in construction. We will discuss the characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of each type, as well as their specific applications in different settings.

Types of Partition Walls

Whether you are a homeowner looking to divide a large space or a contractor working on a commercial project, understanding the different types of partition walls available can help you make an informed decision that meets your specific needs and requirements.

1. Brick Partition Wall

Brick Wall Partition Walls
Brick Partition Wall

The brick partition wall is mostly referred to for its stretcher bond as the wall is plastered at the two sides. Unfinished materials are utilized to make this wall, which makes it more cost-effective. They will, in general, be hard, strong, reusable, and recyclable.

It additionally accompanies less ecological contamination because of the assembling cycle, i.e., the manufacturing process. These are just made of plain blocks and can be of three sorts.

For example, Reinforced Bricks, Bricks-nogged, or hollow blocks. The tallness of the plain brick partition wall of half-brick stiffness isn’t more than 2m. Reinforced brick partition walls fortify the type of hoop iron or steel bars or wire mesh. The brick nogging partition comprises brickwork formed inside an outline of wooden individuals.

The brick partition is non-combustible and soundproof. Brick wall additionally accompanies a couple of drawbacks:

  • It requires some time investment to build a brick wall.
  • Block walls can’t be utilized in seismic zones.
  • It causes fluorescence when the brick wall isn’t in contact with the air.
  • Block walls are difficult to clean.

2. Reinforced Brick Wall

Reinforced Brick Wall
Reinforced Brick Wall

Reinforced Brick is substantially more strong because of the position of reinforcements. Reinforcements, which are in the form of wire mesh strips or iron bars, are put at each third or fourth course. 

The thickness of the wall is equivalent to 10cm or a half portion of a brick. It doesn’t need concrete and shuttering. 

This kind of partition is used when a prevalent longitudinal bond is required and when the partition needs to help other superimposed loads.

Read More: Parapet wall – 10 Types of parapet wall & Applications

3. Hollow And Clay Brick Partition Wall

Hollow And Clay Brick Partition Wall
Hollow And Clay Brick Partition Wall

Hollow solid brick blocks are specially designated for singular units of concrete

Clay blocks utilized are well prepared from dirt or ceramic, and they are either solids or hollow. 

Hollow clay brick blocks of size 30*20 cm with thickness shifted from 5 cm to 15 cm can even be utilized. 

The brick blocks are provided with grooves on the prime, base, and sides, surfaces are kept coated in a few colors. 

They don’t adjust their volume and are lighter in weight. These groups of walls are lightweight, stiff, cost-effective, durable, and fire-resistant.

4. Brick Nogging Partition Wall

Brick Nogging Partition Wall
Brick Nogging Partition Wall

Block nogging partition wall comprises of brickwork built inside a structure of wooden individuals. The timber framework includes vertical posts, i.e., studs, and Horizontal members, i.e., nogging, sill, and head. Studs were separated at 60 cm to 150 cm and held in place by nogging pieces. The nogging pieces are housed into the studs at 60 cm to 90cm, separated vertically. 

The wooden framework or structure gives stability to the partition against sidelong loads(i.e., vertical load) and vibrations caused by opening the nearby entryway and windows. The brick blocks are usually laid level. However, they likewise might be laid on edge. 

5. Glass Partition Wall

They are transparent, and light, and can be manufactured in distinct shapes, sizes, and thicknesses. It gives reasonable security and sound protection to the building. Such walls are built from glass sheets or hollow glass blocks, which will be analyzed underneath. 

i) Hollow Glass Block Partition

Hollow Glass Block Partition Wall
Hollow Glass Block Partition

It is built from hollow glass blocks.  Hollow glass blocks are precise glass units that are light and assembled with different thicknesses, shapes, and sizes.  The size of hollow glass blocks, which are most generally utilized, is 14X14cm or 19X19cm with a thickness of 10cm. 

Read More: CMU Wall or Cinder Block Wall construction, Size, Shape & Cost

6. A.C. Sheet Or G.I. Sheet Partition Wall

A.C. Sheet Partition Wall
G.I. Sheet Partition Wall

Partition wall built from asbestos concrete sheeting or galvanized sheet fixed to wooden or steel outline. 

  • It is generally embraced in works of an impermanent character. 
  • Such a wall is conventional, light, more economical, and generally rigid if suitably built. 
  • The slab includes of core or corrugated asbestos cement sheet with the plain asbestos cement sheet appended to it on one or the other side. 
  • Such Slab renders utilization delivers the partition wall more fireproof and causes great warmth and sound protection properties.

7. Wood-Wool Partition Wall

Wood-Wool Partition Wall
Wood-Wool Partition Wall

Wood wool includes tangled wood filaments, uncompacted, covered, and bound along with cement or plaster, and an unpleasant open surface that gives a magnificent key to mortar. 

  • It is satisfactory heat and sound insulator.

8. Metal Lath Partition Wall

Metal Lath Partition Wall
Metal Lath Partition Wall

A metal lath partition wall is slim, more vital, tough, long-lasting, and impressively fireproof. Metal slat partitions are formed by setting 2cm or 2.5cm channels vertically (called studs) and fixing a metal strip or lath to it on one side.  Plaster coating is applied to both sides of the metal. 

On the off chance that a hollow partition is required, the metal strip is fixed to the channels on both sides and afterward, plaster is applied. 

9. Concrete Partition Wall

Cast In Situ Concrete Partition Wall
Concrete Partition Wall

It includes concrete slab, plain or reinforced, upheld along the side by vertical posts. These slabs’ sections might be either precast or cast in situ. 

i) Cast In Situ Concrete Partition Wall

  • The thickness goes from 80mm to 100mm. 
  • It is poured monolithically with middle columns.
  • It is inflexible and stable both in vertical and even ways; however, the system is costly. 
  • The support comprising gentle, mild steel bars or B R C fabric is placed in the middle of the wall thickness. 
  • The concrete mix typically received in work is M15 (1:2:4). 

ii) Precast Concrete Slab Partitions Wall

Precast Concrete Slab Partitions Wall
Precast Concrete Slab Partitions Wall
  • The wall is constructed from precast concrete slab units
  • The precast unit thickness goes from 25mm to 40mm 
  • Precast units are fastened to precast posts 
  • Joints will be filled with mortar 
  • The concrete mix is M15 (1:2:4). 
  • Wall partitions built from exceptional precast units: 
  • The wall is formed from precast T-formed or L-molded units 
  • Lightweight, hollow partitions can be constructed without the requirement for vertical posts or members. 
  • A cement mortar mix proportion of 1:3 is utilized for jointing.

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