What Is a Partition Wall?
Partition walls are an essential element of modern construction, used to divide spaces and create functional areas within a building. A partition wall is a non-load-bearing wall that separates one room or space from another.
These walls are typically used to divide large open spaces into smaller, more manageable areas or to create additional rooms within a building.
n this article, we will explore the various types of partition walls that are commonly used in construction. We will discuss the characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of each type, as well as their specific applications in different settings.
Whether you are a homeowner looking to divide a large space or a contractor working on a commercial project, understanding the different types of partition walls available can help you make an informed decision that meets your specific needs and requirements.
Types of Partition Walls
1. Brick Partition Wall
The brick partition wall is mostly referred to for its stretcher bond as the wall is plastered at the two sides. Unfinished materials are utilized to make this wall, which makes it more cost-effective. They will, in general, be hard, strong, reusable, and recyclable.
It additionally accompanies less ecological contamination because of the assembling cycle, i.e., the manufacturing process. These are just made of plain blocks and can be of three sorts.
For example, Reinforced Bricks, Bricks-nogged, or hollow blocks. The tallness of the plain brick partition wall of half-brick stiffness isn’t more than 2m.
Reinforced brick partition walls fortify the type of hoop iron or steel bars or wire mesh. The brick nogging partition comprises brickwork formed inside an outline of wooden individuals.
The brick partition is non-combustible and soundproof. Brick wall additionally accompanies a couple of drawbacks:
- It requires some time investment to build a brick wall.
- Block walls can’t be utilized in seismic zones.
- It causes fluorescence when the brick wall isn’t in contact with the air.
- Block walls are difficult to clean.
2. Reinforced Brick Wall
Reinforced Brick is substantially more strong because of the position of reinforcements. Reinforcements, which are in the form of wire mesh strips or iron bars, are put at each third or fourth course.
The thickness of the wall is equivalent to 10cm or a half portion of a brick. It doesn’t need concrete and shuttering.
This kind of partition is used when a prevalent longitudinal bond is required and when the partition needs to help other superimposed loads.
3. Hollow And Clay Brick Partition Wall
Hollow solid brick blocks are specially designated for singular units of concrete.
Clay blocks utilized are well prepared from dirt or ceramic, and they are either solids or hollow.
Hollow clay brick blocks of size 30*20 cm with thickness shifted from 5 cm to 15 cm can even be utilized.
The brick blocks are provided with grooves on the prime, base, and sides, surfaces are kept coated in a few colors.
They don’t adjust their volume and are lighter in weight. These groups of walls are lightweight, stiff, cost-effective, durable, and fire-resistant.
4. Brick Nogging Partition Wall
Block nogging partition wall comprises of brickwork built inside a structure of wooden individuals. The timber framework includes vertical posts, i.e., studs, and Horizontal members, i.e., nogging, sill, and head.
Studs were separated at 60 cm to 150 cm and held in place by nogging pieces. The nogging pieces are housed into the studs at 60 cm to 90cm, separated vertically.
The wooden framework or structure gives stability to the partition against sidelong loads(i.e., vertical load) and vibrations caused by opening the nearby entryway and windows. The brick blocks are usually laid level. However, they likewise might be laid on edge.
The brickwork is plastered from the two sides. Concrete mortar extent 1:3 is utilized. The size of the studs and nogging relies on the thickness of the partition wall.
For a 10cm thick partition, the studs and nogging ought to be 15 cm wide so that after the brickwork is plastered from both countenances, the timber structure may thoroughly flush with the wall face.
The surfaces of the timber outline work interacting with blockwork are covered with coal tar. This sort of partition wall experiences the disadvantage of the wood getting delayed.
The mortar utilized may not adhere well to the wood members, and hence the brickwork is probably going to be free at some point.
5. Glass Partition Wall
They are transparent, and light, and can be manufactured in distinct shapes, sizes, and thicknesses. It gives reasonable security and sound protection to the building. Such walls are built from glass sheets or hollow glass blocks, which will be analyzed underneath.
i) Hollow Glass Block Partition Wall
It is built from hollow glass blocks.
Hollow glass blocks are precise glass units that are light and assembled with different thicknesses, shapes, and sizes.
The size of hollow glass blocks, which are most generally utilized, is 14X14cm or 19X19cm with a thickness of 10cm.
The hollow blocks are:
The jointing edges are painted inside and sanded remotely to help the proper joining among mortar and glass blocks.
- The front and posteriors are either designed or left plain.
- glass blocks are laid in cement, lime mortar & fine sand (1:1:4)
- All joints will be filled sufficiently.
- Metal strip reinforcement is installed at each third or fourth course for block heights up to 15.
- Support is placed at each course if the blocks tallness surpasses 25cm.
- There is another sort of glass block with joggles and end grooves also.
6. A.C. Sheet Or G.I. Sheet Partition Wall
Partition wall built from asbestos concrete sheeting or galvanized sheet fixed to wooden or steel outline.
- It is generally embraced in works of an impermanent character.
- Such a wall is conventional, light, more economical, and generally rigid if suitably built.
- The slab includes of core or corrugated asbestos cement sheet with the plain asbestos cement sheet appended to it on one or the other side.
- Such Slab renders utilization delivers the partition wall more fireproof and causes great warmth and sound protection properties.
7. Wood-Wool Partition Wall
Wood wool includes tangled wood filaments, uncompacted, covered, and bound along with cement or plaster, and an unpleasant open surface that gives a magnificent key to mortar.
- It is satisfactory heat and sound insulator.
8. Metal Lath Partition Wall
A metal lath partition wall is slim, more vital, tough, long-lasting, and impressively fireproof.
Metal slat partitions are formed by setting 2cm or 2.5cm channels vertically (called studs) and fixing a metal strip or lath to it on one side.
Plaster coating is applied to both sides of the metal.
On the off chance that a hollow partition is required, the metal strip is fixed to the channels on both sides and afterward, plaster is applied.
9. Concrete Partition Wall
It includes concrete slab, plain or reinforced, upheld along the side by vertical posts. These slabs’ sections might be either precast or cast in situ.
i) Cast In Situ Concrete Partition Wall
- The thickness goes from 80mm to 100mm.
- It is poured monolithically with middle columns.
- It is inflexible and stable both in vertical and even ways; however, the system is costly.
- The support comprising gentle, mild steel bars or B R C fabric is placed in the middle of the wall thickness.
- The concrete mix typically received in work is M15 (1:2:4).
ii) Precast Concrete Slab Partitions Wall
- The wall is constructed from precast concrete slab units
- The precast unit thickness goes from 25mm to 40mm
- Precast units are fastened to precast posts
- Joints will be filled with mortar
- The concrete mix is M15 (1:2:4).
- Wall partitions built from exceptional precast units:
- The wall is formed from precast T-formed or L-molded units
- Lightweight, hollow partitions can be constructed without the requirement for vertical posts or members.
- A cement mortar mix proportion of 1:3 is utilized for jointing.
List of partition wall materials
There are several materials commonly used for partition walls, each with its own unique properties and benefits. Here is a list of some of the most common partition wall materials:
- Drywall: Drywall, also known as plasterboard or gypsum board, is a popular material for partition walls. It is affordable, easy to install, and readily available.
- Glass: Glass partition walls are a popular choice for modern interiors because they allow natural light to pass through and create an open and airy feel. They can be made from tempered glass, laminated glass, or even frosted glass for added privacy.
- Metal: Metal partition walls are known for their durability and strength. They can be made from aluminum, steel, or even copper and can be customized to fit any design aesthetic.
- Wood: Wood partition walls can add warmth and texture to a space. They can be made from a variety of woods, including oak, maple, or even reclaimed wood, and can be finished with a variety of stains or paints.
- Masonry: Masonry partition walls are made from materials such as concrete, brick, or stone. They are known for their strength and durability and are often used in industrial or commercial settings.
- Acoustic panels: Acoustic panels are designed to absorb sound, making them a popular choice for partition walls in recording studios, theaters, and other sound-sensitive environments.
- PVC: PVC (polyvinyl chloride) partition walls are lightweight and easy to install. They are often used in temporary or semi-permanent settings.
- Fabric: Fabric partition walls can be made from a variety of materials, including cotton, polyester, and vinyl. They can be used to add color and texture to a space and are often used in commercial settings such as offices and hospitals.
In conclusion, understanding the various of partition walls is crucial for creating versatile and functional spaces, partition walls offer benefits such as flexibility, quick installation, cost-effectiveness and customizable designs.
They can be constructed using materials like timber, metal, block, glass, gypsum boards, and bricks, each with its own unique characteristics.
Additionally, partition walls can be categorized based on functionality, including demountable walls, soundproof walls, wet walls and soundproof walls, considering factors like structural requirements, acoustic and budget is important when selecting the right partition wall type.
By having a comprehensive understanding of this option, professionals and individuals can make informed decision for optimize their spaces and meet specific needs.
What is a partition wall?
A partition wall is a non-load-bearing wall that is used to divide interior spaces in a building. It separates rooms, creates privacy, and provides structural support for finishes such as paint, wallpaper, or shelves.
What are the different types of partition walls?
There are several types of partition walls commonly used in construction, including:
Stud Partition Walls
Drywall Partition Walls
Glass Partition Walls
Demountable Partition Walls
Brick or Masonry Partition Walls
Timber Partition Walls
Metal Partition Walls
Folding Partition Walls
Operable Partition Walls
Acoustic Partition Walls
What are stud partition walls?
Stud partition walls are constructed using wooden or metal studs as the framework, covered with plasterboard or drywall on both sides. They are lightweight, versatile, and allow for the installation of electrical wiring and insulation.
What are glass partition walls?
Glass partition walls are made of glass panels held together by metal frames or brackets. They provide transparency, allow natural light to pass through, and create an open and visually appealing environment. Glass partitions can be either framed or frameless.
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