Types of Internal Wall Materials

Types of Walls Used in Construction

A construction wall is a temporary partition used in construction sites to create separate areas for different activities or to enclose the site. There are different types of walls used in construction are typically made of lightweight materials such as drywall, plywood, or plastic sheeting, and are designed to be easily assembled and disassembled as needed.

They are used to create barriers between construction zones and occupied spaces, such as offices, homes, or public areas, to prevent dust, noise, and debris from affecting the surrounding environment. Construction walls may also provide visual barriers, promote safety, or control access to the construction site.

Types Of Wall

There are different types of walls in construction, including:

1. Load Bearing Wall

Load Bearing Wall Structure
Load Bearing Wall Structure

A load-bearing wall is an active structural element of a building that supports and holds the weight of a floor or roof structure by conducting its weight to a foundation structure below it.

It is one of the earliest forms of construction in housing, and is also known as “platform framing”. Being the most common method in light construction projects.

2. Non-Load Bearing Wall (Drop Wall)

Non-Load Bearing Wall
Non-Load Bearing Wall

Non-Load Bearing Wall also known as a drop wall is capable only of supporting its own weight and if used as an exterior wall it can resist the force of the wind blowing against it.

These walls are well known to not support an imposed load. And if subjected to such loads might result in failure. Such walls are well suited for the partition of components of buildings.

3. Shear Wall

Shear Wall
Shear Wall

A shear wall is a structural panel that is made of steel braced frames which can be very effective and can resist lateral forces acting on it. Shear walls are constructed from concrete or masonry which is capable of resisting lateral forces.

Particularly shear walls are of great importance in large, or high-rise buildings, or buildings in areas of high wind and seismic activity. It can be positioned at the perimeter of buildings or it may form a shear core supporting the whole structure.

4. Retaining Wall

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Retaining Wall

Retaining walls function as a supportive element to restrain soil to a slope that would not naturally keep it stable at the typical steep or vertical slope.

The main purpose of constructing a retaining wall at a specific location is to hold soil behind them, depending on the project. Walls vary from small landscape stone walls to surround a garden to enormous soil-retaining projects along a highway including hilly areas.

5. Brick Masonry Wall

Brick Masonry Wall
Brick Masonry Wall

Brick is one of the versatile and durable building materials as a result Brick masonry wall has been used in building construction for thousands of years with considerable modifications.

Several building Materials used for its construction are Burnt clay bricks, sand-lime bricks (calcium silicate bricks), Concrete bricks, Fly ash clay bricks, and Firebrick.

6. Rubble Stone Masonry Wall

Rubble Stone Masonry Wall
Rubble Stone Masonry Wall

While Constructing Rubble Stone Masonry Walls, more or less large stones are arranged together to bound in such a way that the stones and the regular placement of stones extend through the thickness of the wall.

Rubble Stone Masonry Walls are further of the following types,

  • Random rubble masonry
  • Coursed rubble masonry of the first sort
  • Coursed rubble masonry of the second sort

7. Core Wall

Core Wall
Core Wall

Construction of this wall starts from the foundation of the building and the height as that of the building. This wall functions as a column and shear wall.

Similarly, like that of the shear wall, it serves the purpose of resisting external lateral forces like wind, earthquakes, etc. To resist the torsion effect it is constructed exactly in the center of the building.

8. Precast Wall

Precast Wall
Precast Wall

Construction of Precast concrete walls is initiated by casting concrete in a reusable wall mold or form which is further cured in a controlled environment, transported securely to the construction site, and lifted into the place of installation.

The main purpose of installing the precast walls is to speed up the construction process. These walls are designed as a blind divider or facade which does not carry any load but must oppose parallel loads conferred on it.

9. Parapet Wall

Parapet Wall
Parapet Wall

A parapet is usually the topmost reach of a wall that elongates above the roof level and provides a specific amount of protection to balconies, roofs, gutters, walkways of houses, etc.

A parapet wall has a number of important functions and is designed in various shapes to create the desired façade. They function as a commodity to hide rooftop equipment such as AC units.

10. Boundary Wall

Boundary Wall
Boundary Wall

A boundary wall is a cast-in-situ or prefabricated structure available in a wide range of designs that serve as a boundary wall or fencing of immovable property.

It can also be explained as the wall, fence, or enclosure of structure constructed on or directly next to a cadastral property boundary, with any other structures, including devices, such as spikes, barbed wire, razor wire, or electric fences, affixed to or on top of a boundary wall for security purpose.

11. Reinforced Brick Wall

Reinforced Brick Wall
Reinforced Brick Wall

To tackle tensile force acting on the wall this type of wall is constructed. The requirement of reinforcement is in horizontal and vertical directions throughout the wall.

Hoop Iron Reinforcement is provided under various circumstances. This is dipped in tar to increase its resistance against rusting.

12. Cavity Wall

Cavity Wall
Cavity Wall

The cavity wall is constructed into two stages inner and outer, with a cavity ranging from 50-100mm. Among these, the interior walls are thinner and thicker wall is used as an exterior element.

Wall thicker in nature carries all the load of the slab and the outer wall tends to resist external moisture and other effects.

What Is the Purpose of the Wall?

Wall has various significance and purposes which are as discussed below,

  • Wall is constructed to define the area in the building.
  • It also functions to define the boundaries of a specific area.
  • In a load-bearing structure, the wall carries a load of a building and transfers it to the foundation.
  • In various circumstances wall also carries the load of the roof slab.
  • It acts as a sound barrier to providing comfort against outside noise.
  • It ensures privacy and also provides security.
  • The wall is the structure that defines the building hence is one of the most important superstructures.

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