When to Remove Concrete Forms
Concrete is one of the important building materials used in construction. For making good concrete that lasts a long decade, it has to be properly produced, placed, and most importantly cured after casting. So, In this article, we will cover up When to Remove Concrete Forms or How Long Should Concrete Cure Before Removing Forms from them.
What Is Formwork?
Formwork is a type of casting mold or box, like a container into which fresh concrete is poured and compacted. When the concrete is hardened, the formwork is removed and a solid mass is produced in the shape of the inner face of the formwork.
How Long Should Concrete Cure Before Removing Forms
What Is Removal of Formwork
The removal of formwork is also called a strike-off of forms in which concrete is poured. The formwork should be removed only after when concrete component achieves its sufficient strength. Care should be taken during the removal of formwork to ensure the stability of the remaining formwork.
Factors Affecting Concrete Formwork Striking Times
The time of removal of formwork depends on how quickly concrete members gain sufficient strength and it depends on the following factors.
Grade of concrete – As the rich grade of concrete, the rate of development of strength is higher, and thus concrete gains strength in a shorter time.
Grade of cement – a Higher grade of cement offers a quick setting and it gains strength in a shorter time.
Type of Cement – The cement type used in concrete also affects the strength development of concrete. For example, Compare to ordinary Portland cement rapid hardening cement has higher strength gain in shorter. Low heat cement requires more time for setting compare to OPC.
Temperature – High temperature of concrete and surrounding at the time of placing concrete makes it achieve higher strength in shorter times. During winter, the strength gaining process becomes slower.
Size of the concrete member: Size of the concrete member also matters in strength gaining process. Large-sized concrete section members gain strength in a shorter time than smaller sections.
Read More: Methods Of Damp Proofing House Construction
When to Remove Concrete Forms
Time of Removing Formwork as per ASTM
|Type of Cement||Time of De-shuttering|
|1||Type I cement||7 days|
|2||Type II cement||10 days|
|3||Type III cement||3 days|
|4||Type IV or V cement||14 days|
|5||ASTM C 1157 C 595, C 845 cements||Varies|
Generally, the American Concrete Institute recommends the following
|Type of Formwork||Minimum Period Before Striking Formwork|
|1||Walls and columns vertical Supports||24-48 hours|
|2||Slabs, with their props left under them||3-4 days|
|3||Soffits, with their props left under them||7 days|
|4||Props supporting slabs under 15 feet||7 days|
|5||Props supporting slabs under 15 feet||14 days|
|6||Props supporting arches& beams over 20 feet||21 days|
Formwork Removal Time Period | Deshuttering Time
|Sr. No.||Type of Formwork||Minimum Period Before Striking Formwork|
|1||Vertical formwork to columns, walls, beams||16-24 h|
|2||Soffit formwork to slabs (Props must be re-fix immediately after removal of formwork)||3 days|
|3||Soffit formwork to beams (Props must be re-fix immediately after removal of formwork)||7 days|
|4||Props to slabs: 1) Spanning up to 4.5 m 2) Spanning over 4.5 m||7 days & 4days|
|5||Props to beams and arches: 1) Spanning up to 6 m 2) Spanning over 6 m||14 days &21days|
How to Properly Remove Formwork
- Formwork removal is one of the most hazardous jobs in the site. If not properly done it not only affects the structure but also can result in high risk for the laborers working at the site. Therefore following important points should be kept in mind while removing the formwork.
- Conduct proper tests (mostly NDT) on concrete to ensure its strength developed.
- Removal of formwork should be started from vertical members are removed first.
- The supports of slab or soffits should not remove until it is ensured to bear its self-weight and external stresses effectively.
- The crowbars should not fix on the side to remove the formworks as it can damage the edges of concrete.
- Loose concrete or any other material found in the edges and corners are to be removed.
- The safety engineers should inspect the site before the removal of formworks to ensure suitable conditions.
- For workman safety, inspect the formwork position that sufficient bracings and work platforms are provided to remove the formwork at higher elevations.
- Team removing formwork should know about risk and rule regulation of safety on the construction site.
What is Curing of Concrete?
Method of shielding concrete against the steady loss of moisture in order to retain it for carrying out hydration maintained within the required temperature range, this process is called Curing of Concrete. It is a practice to keep concrete moist until the end of hydration.
What Is Formwork?
Formwork is a type of casting mold or box, like a container into which fresh concrete is poured and compacted. It is kept for several days until concrete acquires its strength and stability.
How many days is the curing of concrete?
Min. 7 days are required for curing concrete at a temperature above 5oC. However a greater time might be required for curing for some concerts with Higher Strength. 70% of compressive or flexural strength must be acquired by concrete in its curing span.
When to Remove Forms From Concrete Slab
Slabs, with their props left under them, can typically be removed after 3-4 days. Props supporting slabs under 15 feet can be removed after 1 week.
When to Remove Forms from Quikrete
Formwork of quick rate can be removed after its achieved sufficient strength of taking load or it usually safe to remove after 24 hrs of curing.
Deshuttering is also called a strike-off of forms in which concrete is poured. The formwork should be removed only after when concrete component achieves its sufficient strength. This process is called deshuttering Time. Care should be taken during the removal of formwork to ensure the stability of the remaining formwork.
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