m sand

What Is M Sand | M Sand vs River Sand | Robo Sand vs M Sand | River Sand Vs M Sand10 min read

What Is M Sand?

M Sand means Manufactured Sand. It is manufactured from a cubical-shaped granite stone with grounded edges, washed and graded with consistency to be used as a substitute for river sand.

M Sand Meaning: A fine aggregate that is produced by crushing stone, gravel, or slag.

What Is M-Sand
M – Sand

Sand is an important ingredient in making concrete and mortar. The majority of counties in the world now promote the use of M-Sand (Manufactured Sand).

manufactured sand means sand that is produced by crushing quarry and rocks stones to desired sizes.


Read More: Concrete Mix Design Step By Step Full Calculation

Why Manufactured Sand

We know that the river sand is mostly used for construction purposes all around the world, majorly for concrete making, cement mortar, and concrete blocks.

Various factors that show the need for manufacturing sand

1. Global scarcity for Natural Sand

Excessive sand exploration and limit consumption of natural aggregate sources have led to the implementation of new environmental/land use legislation. This law makes the supply of natural sand difficult and expensive. Nowadays sand mining is heavily taxed/ banned in many parts of the world.

2. Growing Demand for Fine Aggregates In Construction

it is nearly 30 – 35% volume of concrete is made up of fine aggregate. The UK construction industry demands approximately 200 Million Tonnes of aggregates every year for various construction purposes.

3) The Remote Location of Sandpits

Due to legislative restrictions on sand mining, the source of sand supply is now limited. Also, there are available in a remote locations away from the area of consumption Leeds to the high cost of transportation.

4. Presence of Silt and Clay In Natural Sand

Natural sand contains a high amount of impurities like silt and clay which can damage screed and concrete if the sand is not given proper treatment to bring down clay and other impurity content to acceptable levels.

Some of the Alternatives to River Sand

  • Manufactured Sand
  • Fly Ash/ Bottom Ash/Pond Ash
  • Copper Slag – Filtered Sand
  • Sea Sand, Slag Sand
  • Crushed Waste Glass
  • Recycled Aggregate/C&D Waste Aggregate etc.

The demand for alternative materials of river sand for making concrete is increasing day by day as river sand cannot meet the rising demand of the construction sector. It is fact that the river sand takes millions of years to form. Because of limited sources of natural sand, the cost of River sand has skyrocketed and its consistent supply cannot be guaranteed. Under this condition the use of manufactured sand becomes inevitable.

Read More: Load Calculation On Column, Beam, And Slab


Issues and General Requirements of M Sand

The Civil engineers, Architects, Builders, and Contractors agree that the river sand, which is available today, is deficient in many respects. It does content very high silt fine particles (as in the case of Filter sand).

Sometimes the presence of other impurities like coal, bones, shells, mica, and silt, etc makes M–sand unfit for use in cement concrete, and due to weathering effect, this material decay which results in shortens the life of the concrete.

Nowadays, the government has implemented restrictions on river sand exploration and uses. Sand Mining from the river bed has a deep impact on the environment, as the water table goes deeper & ultimately dry.

 General Requirements Ideal M-sand

1. M-Sand particles should have a higher crushing value.

2. The surface texture of M Sand particles should be smooth and even.

3. The Particles should have a rounded shape.

4. The Percentage of fines below 600 microns in the sand should not be less than 3.

5. M sand should not contain any organic impurities.

6. Silt contain in M Sand should not be more than 2%, for crushed sand.

7.  The number of fines below 75 microns shall not exceed 15% in M–Sand.

Read More: How To Check Compressive Strength Of Concrete


Comparison of M Sand Vs River Sand

Difference Between M sand and River Sand
Comparison of M-Sand vs River Sand
River Sand M Sand
Excessive and illegal quarrying of  Natural sand at river beds, resulting in soil erosion and danger to the reservoir structures 100% replacement to River sand and & It is One of
the hi-product of aggregates
Scarcity due to ban on quarrying activities near the river bed by the Govt. to prevent depleting of natural resource No scarcity. as the Govt. is encouraging the business
to garner tapped revenue.
No control on silt content Govt. has identified the places and accorded the
the sanction for carrying out quarrying and crushing activities without  compromising on any environmental issues
Very long-distance transportation resulting in volume toss on the quantity of sand received at the site. Sand washing machine to ensure 0% silt content,
benefiting best-economized concrete with possibilities of reduction in cement content
Adulteration with filter sand (Unfit to be used in concrete)Uninterrupted supply even during the rainy season,
which in turn facilitating the timely completion of the project.
No guarantee on gradation No adulteration
Huge inventory cost during monsoon for non-availability World-class Machine is employed to get the Top Quality
Graded aggregates meeting both BIS and Customer requirements, the Consistency on the required gradation is guaranteed.
Fear of not getting sand, if rejected for quality No fear, the quality is the main focus.
Additional manpower for removal of pebbles & boulders while Loading into the belching plant to avoid pump choke ups No additional manpower is required to remove boulders or pebbles, which is again cost saving
No mechanism on pricing ethical Transparency in pricing as the manufacturing
the facility is legal and

Difference Between River Sand and M sand

IS Sieve River Sand % Age Passing M-Sand % Age Passing %  Age passing for single sized
aggregates of Normal Sand
115 383 – 19701 Zone II
4.75 mm 99.25 99.75 90 to 100
2.36 mm 93.50 78.25 75 to 100
1.18 mm 48.00 52.00 55 to 90
600 Microns 21.00 38.00 35 to 59
300 Microns 4.00 21.00 08 to 30
150 Microns 0.05 5.00 0 to 10
Comparison of Impurities – River Said Vs M-Sand
  River Sand M-Sand
Marine Products. 2 – 4 % Nil
Oversized Materials 6 – 10% Nil
Clay & Silt 5 – 20% Nil

Read More: What Next, If Concrete Cubes Failed After 28 Days


The Advantages of M Sand

More Cost-effective than Natural Sand

M–Sand manufacturing plant can be set up near the area of consumption, bringing down the cost of transportation and providing an assurance of consistent supply.

Compliant With the New European Standards

M-Sand can be used as aggregates in screed and concrete mixes, as per EN13139. As it can be utilized for blended mixture with natural sand.

Less Disruptive to the Environment

since the raw material for manufacturing M–sand is away from cities it is less environmental effect. Also, use of sand can save natural river bed conditions, which is essential for any river.

Lesser Impurities and Good Working Properties

It is free of silt and clay particles and has denser particle packing than natural sand. M–sand has better tests like higher flexural strength, better abrasion resistance, higher unit weight, and lower permeability.s


Disadvantages of Manufactured Sand

Workability Issues

M–Sand is come up with coarse classification and angular texture than natural sand, which is smooth and rounded due to natural gradation. To overcome this we have added more amount of cement to achieve the expected workability, leading to increased costs.

Larger Proportion of Micro Fines

M–Sand contains a large number of fine particles, this is due to its manufacturing process. The excessive fine can affect the strength and workability of concrete.


Manufactured Sand Price

M sand price is around 800 to 1000 rs. per tonne in India.


Expert Opinion

It is a proven fact that the concrete manufactured with M Sand performs better than concrete with natural sand as the property of crush sand is better than that of natural sand. M-Sand is environmentally friendly as it replaces natural sand. The cost of concrete made up of M-Sand is less than concrete made with natural sand. Also, Govt. has to encourage the use of M-Sand to save river natural bed strata.

FAQs: M Sand

What Is P Sand?

P Sand Means Plastering Sand. It is manufactured with a granule size of 0 – 2.36 mm which is suitable for all types of plastering requirements and It can be used for various purposes like Independent Houses, Apartments, and other Residential & Commercial Projects.

What Is M Sand?

M-Sand means Manufactured Sand. It is manufactured from a cubical-shaped granite stone with grounded edges, washed and graded with consistency to be used as a substitute for river sand.

M sand vs River sand

It is a proven fact that the concrete manufactured with M Sand performs better than concrete with river sand as the property of crush sand is better than that of natural sand. M-Sand is environmentally friendly as it replaces river sand. The cost of concrete made up of M-Sand is less than concrete made with River sand.

Difference Between M sand and River sand

Concrete made up of M sand has very poor permeability compare to rive sand. River Sand permeability is better when added in concrete compare to m sand. M sand has water around absorption 2 to 4 %. Whereas, river sand water absorption is less than 1.5 to 3%.

Drawbacks of M Sand

As M sand is manufactured from crushed stone which makes it coarse and angular. This causes the need for excessive cement and water in concrete to achieve required workability.

Generally, M sand content more micro-fine particles compared to river sand and this ultimately affects the strength and workability of concrete.

M Sand Disadvantages

As M sand is manufactured from crushed stone which makes it coarse and angular. This causes the need for excessive cement and water in concrete to achieve required workability.

Generally, M sand content more micro-fine particles compared to river sand and this ultimately affects the strength and workability of concrete.

M Sand Advantages

More cost-effective than River sand
Compliant with the new European Standards
Less Disruptive to the Environment
Lesser Impurities and Good Working Properties

Disadvantages of Manufactured Sand

Workability Issues:  M – Sand is come up with coarse classification and angular texture than natural sand, which is smooth and rounded due to natural gradation. To overcome this we have added more amount of cement to achieve the expected workability, leading to increased costs.
Larger Proportion of Micro Fines: M – Sand contains a large amount of fine particles, this is due to its manufacturing process. The excessive fine can affect the strength and workability of concrete.

M Sand Manufacturing Process

M Sand is manufactured from hard granite stone by machine crushing process. The crushed stone materials have a cubical shape with grounded edges, washed and graded to as a construction material. Manufactured Sand has a granule size of 0 – 2.36 mm.

P Sand

P Sand Means Plastering Sand. It is manufactured with a granule size of 0 – 2.36 mm which is suitable for all types of plastering requirements and It can be used for various purposes like Independent Houses, Apartments, and other Residential & Commercial Projects.


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Post Contents What Is M Sand?Why Manufactured Sand1. Global scarcity for Natural Sand2. Growing Demand for Fine Aggregates In Construction3) The Remote Location of Sandpits4. Presence of Silt and Clay In …

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