53 Grade cement

What Is 53 Grade Cement | Difference between 33, 43 and 53 Grade Cement | 43 Grade Cement | 33 Grade Cement | Difference between 43 and 53 Grade Cement9 min read

What Is 53 Grade Cement?

The Grade assigned to cement indicates the rolling resistance of cement. The strength gained by concrete usually compressive strength is measured after 28 days after curing.

Curing should be carried out in a very adequate manner to ensure the required strength of concrete. Curing controls the rate of hydration of the cement, which is necessary to obtain adequate compressive strength of the cement.

Very commonly used cement in construction is OPC (Ordinary Portland Cement) which has 3 grades 33, 43, and 53. As per The Bureau of Indian Standard, this grade indicates compressive strengths of cement and is expressed in Mega Pascal (Mpa), i.e. N/mm2.

Compressive Strength of cement or concrete after hardening obtained is proportional to load per unit area. The load has the unit Newton (N) and the area is calculated in mm2. The differences in grades 33, 43, and 53 grades cement are discussed below,

  • Grade-33 Cement.
  • Grade-43 Cement.
  • Grade-53 Cement.

Grade 33 Cement

Grade 33 OPC (Ordinary Portland Cement) is very rarely used nowadays for the construction of buildings. Higher Strength Cement is becoming popular nowadays because of its strength-providing capability.

What Is 53 Grade of Cement | Difference between 33, 43 and 53 Grade Cement
33 Grade Cement

However, OPC 33 can be suitable for general uses such as paving, mass concreting, and plain cement concreting. Also, the workability of Grade 33 Portland cement is higher as compared to other grades of cement.

It could also be used in plaster and masonry mortars. The fineness of Grade 33 cement is 300 kg/m2.

Crushing Strength of Grade 33 Cement at interval of 3, 7, and 28 days is listed below,

  • 3 days-   16 N/mm2
  • 7 days-   22 N/mm2
  • 28 days- 33 N/mm2

Read More: How to Check Cement Quality on Construction Site | How to Check Cement Grade


Grade 43 Cement

In many constructions works, Grade 33 is replaced by Grade 43 of cement, because of its higher strength and durability.

What Is 53 Grade of Cement | Difference between 33, 43 and 53 Grade Cement
43 Grade Cement

OPC possesses medium properties as compared to Grade 33 and Grade 43. Such as Grade 43 is cheaper than Grade 53 but is costly than Grade 33. Similarly, the workability of Grade is greater than Grade 55 cement but is lesser when compared to Grade 33.

Grade 43 cement is suitable in the construction of reinforced concrete (also called R.C.C), RMC (also called Pre Mixed Concrete or Ready Mix Concrete), and Pre Cast Concrete for Construction purposes.

Fineness value for Grade 43 OPC cement is 225 kg/m2. Grade 43 cement holds an excellent ability to resist sulfate attack and is made to have a low chloride content. Whereas, crushing resistance offered by the same is listed below,

  • 3 days-  23 N/mm2
  • 7 days-  33 N/mm2
  • 28 days- 43 N/mm2

Grade 53 Cement

53 Grade Cement (OPC) is widely used when comes to Construction Industry for projects that require high tensile strength. The strength gained by Grade 53 Cement is quite earlier than Grade 33 and grade 43.

What Is 53 Grade of Cement | Difference between 33, 43 and 53 Grade Cement
53 Grade Cement

The heat of Hydration of it is high, but it is further supported with magnesium strength which is 6.01% in OPC 53 which in turn finally affects compressive strength.

Grade 53 cement has a good ability to resist sulfate and requires a small amount of cement because of its high strength as compared to other grades of Portland cement.

Grade 53 cement uses in construction,

  • In the construction of Huge Structures such as Bridges.
  • Precast Components of Structure
  • Factories, Buildings, Complexes
  •  Construction of Concrete Sleeper to sustain the large load

Crushing Resistance values of grade 53 cement at an interval of 3, 7, and 28 days is listed below,

  • 3 days  = 27 N/mm2
  •  7 days = 37 N/mm2
  • 28 days = 53 N/mm2

Best Cement In India For House Construction 2021

The following are the best cement in India for house construction. This are the top 10 cement in India nowadays.

  • UltraTech Cement
  • ACC Cement
  • Ambuja Cement
  • Shree Cement
  • Ramco Cement
  • The India Cements Limited
  • Binani Cement
  • Wonder Cement
  • JSW Cement

Read More: 10 Best Steel for House Construction | TMT vs TMX | Best Steel Brand for House Construction In India | Best tmt bar In India | Best Steel In India


Price Of Various Cements In India

Cement Grade Grade 33 CementGrade 43 CementGrade 53 Cement
Cement Brand  NamePrice (in Rs.)/ BagPrice (in Rs.)/ BagPrice (in Rs.)/ Bag  
UltraTech330370400
Shree310340370
ACC315345375
Ambuja315345385
Ramco335355415
Cement Price

1. IS Codes For 53 Grades Of Cement

  • For Grade 33 Cement IS 269 is recommended
  • Grade 43 Cement follows IS 8112 for construction
  • For 53 grade IS 12269 is recommended

2. Compressive Strength

Compressive Strength is calculated using following procedure,

  • Water is added to the cement along with sand in proportion.
  • After proper mixing is ensured to obtain uniform concrete.
  • Which is later poured in formwork and cured till hardening.
  • Cubes obtained are tested in the laboratory at 27 ° C after 3 days, 7, and 28 days of intervals.
  • Testing shows the strength obtained by cement in that time interval.

3. Initial Strength

It can be noticed that the Initial Strength of 53 Grade Cement is greater than 33 Grade and 43 Grade of Cement. Initial quick strength gain does not allow Grade 53 cement to increase strength further after 28 days.

However, Grade 53 and 43 continues to gain strength after 28 days because of slow strength gain characteristics. Over the period of time Grade 33 cement and 43 grades, cement has the ability to achieve the same maximum strength as that of 53-grade cement.


4. Heat Of Hydration

At the time of initial setup, Grade 53 Cement releases heat during the curing period known as the heat of hydration at a much faster rate as compared to the heat liberated by 33 and 43-grade cement.

This increases the chances of microcracks in Grade 53 Cement, which may not be visible on the concrete surface. To counter strength problems, site supervisors suggest increasing the amount of cement in the mix. But this might lead to the problem of micro-cracks in the concrete.

Therefore, the Cement of Grade 53 should only be used only at such circumstances where quick strength gain of concrete is required.  


5. Price Comparison

The price of 33 Grade Cement is the lowest of all that is lesser than 43 Grade Cement and 53 Grade. The price of 43 Grade Cement is comparatively higher than Grade 33 but lesser when compared to Grade 53 of Cement.

The price of Grade 53 Cement is the highest of all because of its outstanding and reliable characteristics.


6. Uses

As mentioned earlier Grade 33 Cement is used rarely nowadays, because of the availability of higher strength cement with considerable cost.  Grade 33 Cement can be used in manufacturing low strength concrete i.e. below M20 concrete.

The cement of Grade 43 is used in PCC and RCC works, preferably where the concrete of grade M30 is required. For the works such as plastering, tiles, masonry and stone masonry, flooring, etc, the use of 43 Grade cement is recommended.

Similarly, Grade 43 Cement is recommended for finishing all types of buildings, bridges, culverts, roads, water retention structures, etc.

OPC i.e. Ordinary Portland Grade 53 Cement is used in all types of RCC Structures which include various components of structure such as footing, columns, beams, and slabs, where initial and final strength requirement is the main structural necessity.

A concrete grade of M30 and above are well suited for such cement grade.

Read More: Which Cement is Best for House Construction


Building – Activity,

  • Tiles, Building Blocks, Sleepers, Pipes, Paving Blocks, etc precast concrete materials.
  • For the works involving prestressed concrete, such are Flyover, Silos, and Bridges.
  • Other construction structures such as Railway Tracks, Concrete Roads, Bridges.
  • Concreting process for cold-weather regions, cement grouting, and instant clogging.

Each grade of cement mentioned above is suitable for a different set of tasks because of its differential properties. Each of them is having a variable level of resistance offered to the loading. Hence care should be taken while selecting each one of them for a specific purpose.

It is well suggested by the standards that the use of incorrect resistance levels for a job by selecting the specific grade of cement can affect your overall structural design.


FAQs

What does 33 43 and 53 grades of cement mean?

As per The Bureau of Indian Standard, the three grades of cement 33, 43, and 55 indicate compressive strengths of cement measured after 28 days and are expressed in Mega Pascal (Mpa), i.e. N/mm2.

What is the difference between 43 and 53-grade cement?

1. Price of Grade 53 Cement is higher than Grade 43.
2. Setting of Grade 53 Cement occurs earlier than that of Grade 43 Cement.
3. Grade 43 Cement is an older form of cement as compared to Grade 53 Cement.
4. Compressive Strength obtained by Grade 53 Cement is higher as compared to grade 43 after 28 days.

What are the 5 types of cement?

Types of Cement:
1. Ordinary
Portland Cement (OPC)
2. Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC)
3. Low Heat Cement
4. Blast Furnace Slag Cement.
5. Rapid Hardening Cement
6. Sulfates Resisting Cement
7. Quick Setting Cement
8. High Alumina Cement

Which cement is better 33 grade or 53 grade and why?

53 Grade Cement is better than 33 Grade Cement.
The Ultimate Strength Reached by both types of cement is the same however Grade 53 Cement acquires considerable strength with 28 days itself. This property fulfills the requirement of quick hardening for modern days huge structures. Also, 53 Grade Cement is the widely used cement nowadays and the popularity of 33 Grade Cement is fading away.

What is Type 2 cement used for?

Type 2 Cement is used for following purposes,
1. For Structures to be built in water
2. For Soil containing moderate amounts of sulfate in it
3. When heat build-up is of a concern in concrete. 

53 Grade Cement

Grade 53 OPC (Ordinary Portland cement) is widely used when comes to Construction Industry for projects that require high tensile strength. The strength gained by Grade 53 Cement is quite earlier than Grade 33 and grade 43.

opc 43 grade cement

In many constructions works, Grade 33 is replaced by Grade 43 of cement, because of its higher strength and durability. Grade 43 cement is suitable in the construction of reinforced concrete (also called R.C.C), RMC (also called Pre Mixed Concrete or Ready Mix Concrete), and Pre Cast Concrete for Construction purposes.

33 Grade Cement

Grade 33 OPC (Ordinary Portland Cement) is very rarely used nowadays for the construction of buildings. Higher Strength Cement is becoming popular nowadays because of its strength-providing capability.


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