Cement Test | 8 Different Types Of Cement Test

Cement Test

Cement Tests are performed to know the strength and characteristic properties of cement. Various Test on cement is known nowadays to check the quality of cement.

To know the properties of cement such as specific gravity, strength, fineness, consistency, etc. various Cement Testing Methods are used. Testing of materials is essential before use in construction work.

Tests on Cement

The following tests are conducted on cement in the laboratory (IS: 4031 – PT 1 to 15, 1989):

  1. Fineness Test of Cement
  2. Consistency Test of Cement
  3. Setting Time Test of Cement
  4. Soundness Test of Cement
  5. Heat of Hydration Test
  6. Specific Gravity Test of Cement
  7. Tensile Strength Test
  8. Chemical Composition Test

1. Fineness on Cement

The fineness of cement is a measure of cement particle size and is denoted as terms of the specific surface area of cement. The Test is done by sieving cement samples through a standard IS sieve. 

The weight cement particle whose size is greater than 90 microns is determined and the percentage of the retained particle are calculated. This is known as the Fineness of cement.


Cement Test | 8 Different Types Of Cement Test
Fineness Test Apparatus
  • 90µm IS Sieve
  • Weight Balance having a capacity of 10 mg to 100 g
  • Nylon or pure bristle brush

IS Code

Determining the fineness of cement by using a 90 µm IS sieve is done as per IS 4031 (Part 1) – 1996.


The standard value of fineness of cement should have a fineness of less than 10 % or fineness should not be more than 10% as per IS Recommendations.

Read More: What Is Fineness of Cement | Fineness Test of Cement

2. Standard Consistency Test

The standard consistency of cement paste is defined as the percentage of water added In 300gm weights of cement which will permit a Vicat plunger having 50 mm length and 10 mm diameter to penetrate in cement paste to a depth of 33-35 mm from the top of the mold.

Cement Test | 8 Different Types Of Cement Test
Vicat Apparatus


  • Vicat apparatus
  • Balance
  • Gauging Trowel
  • Stop Watch, etc.

IS Code

Consistency Test of Cement IS Codes – IS: 5513-1976,  IS: 4031 ( Part 4 ) – 1988


The standard consistency of cement paste generally varies between 25-35%.

3. Initial and Final Setting Time Of Cement Test

The Initial Setting Time gives an idea about how fast cement can start losing its plasticity and the final setting time of cement gives an idea about how much Time cement takes to lose its full plasticity and gain some strength to resist pressure.

Initial Setting Time of Cement: It is the time elapsed between the moments that the water is added to the cement, to the time that the paste starts losing its plasticity.

Final Setting Time of Cement: It is the time elapsed between the moment the water is added to the cement and the time when the cement paste loses its plasticity completely and has attained sufficient firmness to resist certain definite pressure. 

Cement Test | 8 Different Types Of Cement Test
Initial And Final Setting Time of Cement Test

IS Code

As Per IS: 4031 (Part 5) – 1988. The initial and final setting time of cement is calculated using the VICAT apparatus conforming to IS: 5513 – 1976.


  • Balance 
  • Vicat Apparatus 
  • Stop Watch
  • Gauging or Mixing Trowel
  • Glass Plate
  • Enamel Tray


As per standards, the initial setting time of cement should be less than 30 min for OPC cement. Whereas, it should not be more than 600 min for OPC cement.

Read More: Initial and Final Setting Time of Cement Test | Initial Setting Time of Cement | Final Setting Time of Cement

4. Soundness Test of Cement 

The soundness of cement indicates the stability of any cement during the volume change in the process of setting and hardening.

In case the volume change in cement is unstable after setting and hardening, the concrete element will crack, which can affect the quality of the structure or even cause serious accidents, known as poor dimensional stability.

Cement Test | 8 Different Types Of Cement Test
Soundness Test Apparatus (Le-Chatelier)


  1. Le-Chatelier mold
  2. Cement
  3. Glass sheets
  4. Mixing pan
  5. Trowel
  6. Wight

IS Code

IS Code for the soundness test of cement is IS: 4031-Part 3-1988


The soundness calculated L1 – L2 for the types of cement Ordinary or OPC, Rapid, Low Heat, PPC, and High alumina cement should not Exceeds 10mm.

5. Heat Of Hydration Test

During the Curing of Concrete, Hydro-thermal Reaction takes place, resulting in the production of heat because of chemical reactions. The rise of heat in concrete could be as high as 50oC.

Hence in order to reduce such heat, low-heat cement is used. The test is carried out using a calorimeter using the principle of heat gain.

Cement Test | 8 Different Types Of Cement Test


Calorimeter, insulated wood case, thermometer plus holder, vacuum jar with stopper, glass funnel, stirring paddle, and chuck are the apparatus required for the test.

IS Code

IS 4031-1968 is recommended for testing the heat of hydration of Cement. 


It has been Standardised that the low heat cement should not generate heat of 65 Calories per gram of cement in 7 days and 75 Calories per gram for the duration of 28 days.

 6. Specific Gravity Test On Cement

The specific gravity of cement is defined as the mass of cement of a specified volume to the mass of water of the same volume of cement. It can also be defined as the density of cement to the density of water for the same volume.

Cement Test | 8 Different Types Of Cement Test
Specific Gravity Test Apparatus


  1. Le Chaterlier flask
  2. Weighing balance
  3. Kerosene (free from water).

IS Code

IS code for Specific Gravity Test is IS 2720- Part 3


The Specific Gravity of Cement is 1440 kg/m3. Around this value, the Specific Gravity of Cement is Considered to be standard and suitable for construction.

Read More: Specific Gravity of Cement | Specific Gravity Test on Cement

7. Tensile Strength Test

The Tensile Strength of Cement is the maximum load that cement in its hardened state can withstand without fracture when tension is applied.

It is necessary to test the tensile strength of cement because concrete structures are highly prone to tensile cracking due to various kinds of load applied. As compared to Compressive Strength Tensile strength is very low.

Cement Test | 8 Different Types Of Cement Test
Testing Machine


  • Testing Machine
  • Tamping Rod
  • Concrete Mould
  • Trowel

IS Code

IS:456 2000 gives the formula for calculating the tensile strength of concrete.


The Tensile Strength of Cement is between 3-5 MPa i.e 300 – 700 psi.

8. Chemical Composition Test

The components present in cement for forming cement as the complete products are lime or limestone, silica (SiO2), alumina (Al2O2), magnesia (MgO), etc. Among which most important raw materials required for making cement are limestone, clay, and marl.

Cement Test | 8 Different Types Of Cement Test
Flame Photometer


Flame Photometer and ELE Flame Photometer are the instruments used to know the constitutes of Cement.

IS Code

IS 269-1998 is recommended for keeping a check on the chemical composition of cement.


A good cement should have the constitution of components as listed,

  • Lime or Limestone – 62% (Highest)
  • Silica (SiO2) – 22%
  • Alumina (Al2O2) – 7.5%
  • Magnesia (MgO) – 2.5 %
  • Other Components – remaining 6%


How the quality of cement is tested?

The quality of Cement is tested by performing various lab tests as well as on-site checks. In these tests properties of cement are tested, and the result is analyzed. Depending on the resulting quality of cement can be estimated.

What tests are done for cement in a laboratory?

Tests done on cement in the laboratory are – The fineness Test Cement, Consistency Test of Cement, Setting Time Test of Cement, Soundness Test Cement, The Heat of Hydration Test, Specific Gravity Test Cement, Tensile Strength Test, and Chemical Composition Test.

You might Also Like :

Share This Post

3 thoughts on “Cement Test | 8 Different Types Of Cement Test”

  1. Pingback: Cement Test | 8 Test On Cement | Cement Testing Methods | Contractors News Daily

  2. Pingback: Compressive Strength Of Concrete | Concrete Cube Strength At 3 Days, 7 Days, 14 Days & 28 Days - BDNEWSUP

  3. Pingback: Cement Test | 8 Test On Cement | Cement Testing Methods - BDNEWSUP

Leave a Reply

Download Construction Excel Sheet

Popular Post on Website

Scroll to Top
DMCA.com Protection Status