Unit of Measurement in Civil Engineering

Unit of Measurement & Rule of Measurement

Civil Engineering Measurement Units: item shall be fully described and shall include wherever necessary all material , transport, unloading, stacking, storing, waste handling, return of packing, necessary scaffolding, safety appliance, lighting at place of work, all labour required for finishing to its shape, size, setting, fitting and fixing in position, cutting, waste and all other incidental operation where necessary.

In booking dimension the order shall be in following sequence of length , breath and height or depth or thickness.

All work shall be measure net subjected to following tolerance, unless otherwise stated.

a. Dimension shall be measured to nearest 0.01 m.
b. Area shall be worked out to the nearest 0.01 sq. m.
c. Cubic content shall be calculated to nearest 0.01 cu.m.
d. Weight shall be worked out to the nearest 0.001 tonne.
e. The thickness of RCC slab shall be measured to nearest 0.005 m.
f. The thickness of woodwork shall be measured to the nearest to 0.002m.
g. The thickness of steel work shall be measure to nearest 0.001m.
h. The length of steel reinforcement bar shall be measured to the nearest 0.005 m and its diameter to nearest 0.0001m.
i. If the thickness of road is less than 20m,m its thickness shall be measured to nearest 0.005m.
j. Area shall be measured to the nearest 0.01 sq. M., but the area of steel shall be measured to the nearest 0.0001 cu.m. ,
k. Volume shall be measured to the nearest 0.01 cu.m., but volume of wood shall be measured to nearest 0.001 cu.m.

Civil Engineering Measurement Units

Same type of work under different condition and nature shall be measured separately under separate item e.g.
• Work under water
• Work in liquid mud
• Work under tides
• Work in snow, etc.

In case of structural concrete, brickwork or stone masonry, the work under following categories shall be measured separately and the height shall be described.
• From foundation to plinth
• From plinth level to first floor level
• From first floor level to second floor level and so on,

The bill quantities shall fully describe the material, proportion and workmanship and accurately represent the work to be executed.

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Measurement Unit for various types of Work:

A. Material:

Sr. No. Details of Material/ itemUnit of Measurement
1 Cement Bag
2 Sand, Aggregate, Brick bats Cu. m.
3 Bricks Nos.
4 White Cement Kg
5 Slacked Lime Quintal
6 Wood Cu. m.
7 Reinforcement steel Kg
8 G. I. Sheet Kg
9 A.C.  Sheet Sq. m.
10  Steel Sections ( angles, channel, I- sections) Kg
11 Adhesives Kg
12 Turpentine, Primer, Varnish Litre
13 Oil Paint Litre
14 Water proof Ower, Distemper Kg
15 Kotah Stone Sq. m.
16 Mozai Tiles Sq. m.
17 W. C. Tub No.
18 Nanhi Trap, Gully Trap No.
19 GI Pipe, CI pipe, PVC Pipe m
20 Rolling shutter Sq. m.
21 Wire Grill Sq. m.
22 Plywood Sheet Sq. m.
23 Wash Basin No.

Civil Engineering Measurement Units

B. Earthwork

Sr. No. Details of Material/ item Unit of Measurement
1Earthwork in excavation in ordinary Soil in Hard Soil in Muroom in Rock Cu. m.
2Surfacing Dressing Sq. m.
3Filling in plinth and Foundation Cu. m.
4Exaction for Pipe, cable, etc. m

C. Brick Masonry / Stone Masonry:

Sr. No. Details of Material/ item Unit of Measurement
1 Brickwork in foundation, plinth and superstructure Cu. m.
2 Brickwork in partition wall Sq. m.
3 Honeycomb brickwork Sq. m.
4 Stone masonry, Random rubble masonry, coursed masonry Cu. m.

Civil Engineering Measurement Units

D. Concreting:

Sr. No. Details of Material/ item Unit of Measurement
1 Brick bat cement concrete (B. B. C.C.) Cu. m.
2 P. C. C. Cu. m.
3 R. C. C. Cu. m.
4 Damp Proof Course(DPC) Sq. m
5Reinforcement Steel Kg
6 Centering and Shuttering Sq. m

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E. Wood Work

Sr. No. Details of Material/ item Unit of Measurement
1Wood work for Door Window frame Cu. m.
2Wood work for Door/ Window shuteers Sq. m
3Wooden floor Sq. m

F. Steel Work:

Sr. NoDetails of Material/ item Unit of Measurement
1Steel Sections ( angles, channel, I- sections) Kg
2Steel Doors and Windows Sq. m
3 Steel Gate Sq. m
4Steel Railing m
5Steel grill Sq. m
6Steel, C.I. Pipes m

G. Roofing:

Sr. No. Details of Material/ item Unit of Measurement
1 Tiled Roof Sq. m
2Country tile roof including bamboo jaffri Sq. m
3G.I. Sheet roof Sq. m
4Waterproofing of roof Sq. m

H. Plastering, Pointing Finishing:

Sr. No.Details of Material/ itemUnit of Measurement
1 Cement Plaster Sq. m
2 Pointing Sq. m
3 Skirting m
4 Dado Sq. m
5 White washing, Sq. m
6 Painting of Doors, Windows Sq. m
7 Painting of Letters No

Civil Engineering Measurement Units

I. Flooring:

Sr. No. Details of Material/ itemUnit of Measurement
1Tiles Flooring Terazzo Flooring Sq. m
2I.P.S. Flooring, Brick Flooring Sq. m
3Kotah Stone flooring, Marble Flooring Sq. m

J. Miscellaneous Item:

Sr. No.Details of Material/ itemUnit of Measurement
1 Glazing Work Sq. m
2 Plaster Repairing Sq. m
3 Brick/ Stone Pitching Cu. m
4 Fixting Frame to wall No

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