GFRG Panel

GFRG Panel | GFRG Panel House Cost | GFRG Panel Price | GFRG Panel Construction | GFRG Panels Disadvantages15 min read

GFRG Panel full form is Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum. It is a new trend in rapid building construction technology. GFRG panel is manufactured from high-quality gypsum plaster (beta plaster), reinforced with glass fiber rovings and special additives.

This product was originally developed and used in 1990 in Australia by Rapid wall Building Systems.

Presently, these panels are manufactured in a few Asian countries like India, China, Saudi Arabia, and Oman. In Australia, several buildings had been built using the Rapid wall technology, but the use of the panels was restricted to walls, resisting gravity loads. The floors were made of conventional reinforced concrete slabs.

Since 2003, the IITM research team has been engaged in extensive research on extending the use of these panels as structural members for all components of the building, including floor slabs and staircases, thereby it reduces the consumption of Reinforced Concrete (RC) significantly.

Furthermore, a detailed and accurate design of the Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum panel entire for the building has been developed including earthquake and windresistant design.

GFRG panels are qualified for carbon credits by the World Bank under the Kyoto protocol and certified as green building material by The United Nations Framework on Climate Change (UNFCC).

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Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum Panels Size

GFRG Panel Size
GFRG Panel Size

GFRG panel is available in the standard size of 12.0 m length, 3.0 m height, and 124 mm thick, with modular cavities. These cellular cavities are formed between outer skins (flanges), 15 mm thick, and interconnecting ribs, 20 mm thick, at 250 mm spacing.

Each of the Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum panels has cavities of size 230 mm in length and 94 mm wide. The below table shows the mechanical properties of both empty panels and panels filled with M20 concrete in all cavities.


Mechanical Properties of Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum

Sr. No Mechanical Property Characteristic Value
1 Unit weight 0.43 kN/m2
2 Uni-axial compressive strength 160 kN/m (empty panel) 1310 kN/m (filled panel)
3 Ultimate shear strength 21.6 kN/m (empty panel) 61.0 kN/m (filled panel)
4 Water absorption   1% in 1 hour, 3.85% in 24 hours*
5 Fire resistance   2.30 hour rating (empty panel) 4.0 hour rating (filled panel) – withstood 900-1000°C
6 Coefficient of thermal expansion 12 x 10-6 mm/mm/°C

Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum Panels Applications

GFRG panel has the following applications

  • To resist gravity load in the building they are used as loadbearing walls in buildings,
  • GFRG used infill walls or partition walls in multistoreyed framed RC structures.
  • Used for compound walls ensuring minimum used of concrete.
  • As shear walls, to resist both gravity load and lateral load from earthquakes and wind; also as walls of lift-well and parapet walls;
  • This panels used in pitched roof slabs, floor slabs/roof slabs and also as staircase waist slabs and mid-landing slabs;

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Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum Panels Advantages

  • High speed of construction;
  • More carpet area for the same builtup area: the thickness of wall panels is only 124mm;
  • Less embodied the energy and carbon footprint, a significant reduction in the use of steel, cement, sand, and water; recycling of industrial waste gypsum;
  • Less cost of construction: savings in materials; no cement plastering; Less building weight (panels weigh only 44 kg/m2), thereby reduction in design for seismic forces and savings in the foundation, especially in multistoreyed buildings;
  • 8 to 10 storeyed buildings can be designed using Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum panels, without the need of conventional RC beams and columns;
  • GFRG panel gives smooth finish: use of factory-made panels for all the walls, floors, and staircases;
  • Less CO2 emission compared to other conventional building materials.
  • Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum panel-made building gives better thermal comfort inside compared to conventional buildings.

Disadvantages of The Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum

The following are GFRG Panel Disadvantages,

  1. More space is required for the crane during gfrg house construction.
  2. Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum panel design is complicated. So, it makes the construction process less economical.
  3. For the Installation of Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum panels, highly qualified and experienced labor is required.
  4. Great care is required in the transportation and assembly process.
  5. GFRG panel cutting process on-site requires a special type of machine.
  6. The full process of assembly and placement of the GFRG panels is complicated and can be difficult to follow.
  7. These panels can not be used for the construction of walls with circular shapes.
  8. GFRG panes need to be stacked neatly to avoid abrasion.
  9. The free space around the residential building is limited to around 5m only.

GFRG Panels House

GFRG panel house is designed as a loadbearing system. Therefore, all walls are constructed from the foundation or plinth beam to the terrace. For most suitability, the same floor plan has to be replicated for all floors in multistory buildings.

Buildings can be designed up to ten stories in low seismic zones, using Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum panels (and to lesser height in high seismic zones), without conventional columns and beams.

In this building system, the foundation is conventional, while the entire structural elements in the superstructure are constructed using Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum panels.

Limit states design procedures are used for the design of GFRG buildings, considering the ultimate limit state for strength design, as well as serviceability requirements.

Most importantly while designing the Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum panel system the factor of safety for reinforcing steel and the GFRG panel (with and without concrete infill) is taken as γs = 1.15 and γm = 1.50 respectively, as recommended in IS 456: 2000.

Earthquake resistant design is carried out in compliance with the requirements of international codes (in India IS 1893 (Part 1): 2002), where the response reduction factor (R) is taken as 3.0 for seismic load calculations.

The GFRG building construction is not the same as a conventional system. It requires a special type of equipment, tools, and tackles such as an appropriate crane for loading, unloading, and erecting.

The panels, lifting jaws, and spreader bars for lifting the panels and resetting the prop later for supporting wall panels after erection.

The design and construction of important structural elements are summarized in the following sections.


1. GFRG Panels Building Foundation Construction

The conventional type of foundations is used in GFRG building constructions. The foundation is designed based on the safe bearing capacity of soil and soil profile at the particular site and the number of stories of the structure.

GFRG Panel Foundation Construction
GFRG Panel Foundation

Generally, strip footing is used, as the superstructure consists of loadbearing walls. For low-rise GFRG buildings, Simple masonry spread footings are sufficient with a network of reinforced concrete (RC) plinth beams on top, above which the GFRG wall panels can be placed.

Starter bars’ have to be inserted in the plinth beams, at the locations (Fig.3), where the cavities of the panel are to be filled with RC, with appropriate lap length in accordance with national codes. This ensures the connection of the superstructure with the foundation, spread over the entire wall length over the network of plinth beams.

If the foundation is deep, properly designed reinforced concrete pedestals can be used to support RC plinth beams, with small isolated footings. High rise GFRG panel System building, RCC wall may be provided to support the plinth beams, with appropriate strip or raft footing below.

GFRG Foundation
GFRG Foundation

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A system of reinforcing plinth has to be constructed as per the structural design drawings and the top has to be at a perfectly horizontal level.

A DPC layer on the RC plinth beam is mandatory in order to avoid the possible absorption of water by glass fibers in the Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum panels through capillary suction.


2. Construction of GFRG Panels Walls

The GFRG walls are designed to resist axial force (P) from gravity loads, lateral in-plane shear force (V), and in-plane bending moment (M) from wind and seismic loads.

The in-plane bending capacity of the walls depends on its length, the reinforcement provided, as well as the level of axial load and lateral shear. The values of Mud and in-plane shear strength increase with the length of the wall.

GFRG Wall Construction
GFRG Wall Construction

Experimental research and study indicate that when GFRG panels are subjected to lateral loading have shown that failure is initiated by vertical cracking caused by the shear failure of the GFRG.

Longer shear walls tend to attract larger lateral loads and will form vertical shear cracks in the middle region, causing a further redistribution of forces, and possible further vertical shear cracking.

Design interaction curves are developed for various lengths of Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum panels (from1.0m to 3.5m wide Based on the structural requirements and the design interaction curves, the interval of concrete infilling, and the size of reinforcement to be provided in walls are decided.

The cavities in the GFRG wall panels shall be filled, wherever structurally required, with concrete of grade not less than M20, using an aggregate of size less than 12mm.

For up to 3 storeyed high low rise GFRG buildings there is no need structural requirement to infill all cavities with reinforced concrete, although it is desirable to fill all cavities with PPC or Cement quarry dust, in view of public perception of safety against intrusion, and also facilitate nailing, drilling, fastening of non-structural components, etc.

Reinforcing bars may be provided where required, but in no case, do more than three adjoining cavities shall remain unreinforced. Single bar reinforcement of suitable diameter (not less than 8mm), may be used in such lowrise buildings.

GFRG Walls
GFRG Walls

The Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum panel building can be constructed fast using a crane. It is advisable to erect a panel without removing door/ window cut pieces from the panel.

This will keep the panel in balance and help to locate the center of gravity of the wall panel. Once the panel is brought in position, the plumb and level are to be checked. These props can be removed once the panels are in-filled with concrete and gain sufficient lateral stability.

The slump of concrete shall be 70mm + /- 20mm and the watercement ratio shall be 0.50 to 0.55 to the infill of cavities of the wall panel.

The first pour of concrete is to be of a maximum of 300 mm high from the base of cavities. After 2 hrs for allowing an initial set of 1st pour of concrete, 2nd pour of concrete up to window sill level shall be done.

Simultaneously, the cavities which are not structurally required to be in-filled with concrete shall be infilled with lean concrete or quarry dust mixed with cement (dry) in stages. All the electrical conduits and plumbing lines can be laid through cavities now.

It is mandatory to provide RC embedded lintels over openings for doors and windows, exceeding 1.2 m in width. 3rd pour of concrete shall be done up to the window/ door top (2.1m high) and 4th pour up to the bottom of a horizontal tie beam. This tie beam shall be done on top of walls, all around just below roof slabs.

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3. GFRG Panels Staircase Construction

GFRG Panel Staircase
GFRG Panel Staircase

GFRG panels can be utilized for the construction of staircase waist slabs. All the top flanges of panels shall be cut open and the reinforcement cage is to be inserted. This can be concreted after providing appropriate support. The steps can be constructed with either concrete or bricks.


GFRG Panels Building in Asian Countries

To demonstrate GFRG technology 2 storied GFRG building is constructed in IIT madras, India. The total builtup area of this building is 1981 sq. ft, shown in Fig.

This model house apartment houses four flats (two for the Economically Weaker Section of carpet area of 269 sqft each and two for the Lower Income Group of carpet area of 497 sqft each), which can be replicated for mass housing, horizontally and vertically. The entire building was completed in 30 days.

GFRG Panels Building
GFRG Panels Building

The use of prefabricated lightweight Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum panels for the entire building system facilitated a substantial reduction in building selfweight, construction time, and workforce requirement. So far, more than 300 buildings are constructed in India, most of them are individual residential buildings.

These panels can be used not only for residential buildings but also for industrial and institutional buildings. This building system gains popularity in a few Asian counties also like Oman, China, Saudi Arabia, etc. Buildings from a few Asian countries are shown in Fig.


Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum Panel Cost

A GFRG panel price is around Rs. 1120 per Sq.m and the entire panel cost is Rs. 40,000. These panels are manufactured in FRBL factory in Cochin, Kerala.


EXPERT VERDICT

GFRG panel can be effectively used for the entire superstructure of buildings, including all walls, slabs, staircases, parapets, etc.

This building system has many advantages over conventional buildings. GFRG building has significant potential to provide rapid affordable mass housing.

This is an eco-friendly and sustainable building system, making use of recycled industrial waste gypsum or natural gypsum and minimizing the use of cement, steel, sand, water, and labor input.

This technology is now gaining acceptance in India and other Asian countries.


FAQs:

What Is GFRG?

GFRG’s full form is Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum. It is a new trend in rapid building construction technology. GFRG panel is manufactured from high-quality gypsum plaster (beta plaster), reinforced with glass fiber rovings and special additives.

What is GFRG Panel House?

A house or building constructed using Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum Panels is known as a GFRG house. is a new trend in rapid building construction technology. GFRG panel is manufactured from high-quality gypsum plaster (beta plaster), reinforced with glass fiber rovings and special additives

What Is a GFRC Panel?

Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete (GFRC) panels are made from 1” thick composite glass fiber concrete skin which is mechanically attached by flexible steel pins to a sturdy steel frame.

What are the disadvantages of GFRG homes?

More space is required for the crane during gfrg house construction.
GFRG panel design is complicated. So, it makes the construction process less economical.
For the Installation of GFGG panels, highly qualified and experienced labor is required.
Great care is required in the transportation and assembly process.
GFRG panel cutting process on-site requires a special type of machine.

What are GFRG panels?

GFRG’s full form is Glass Fiber Reinforced Gypsum. It is a new trend in rapid building construction technology. GFRG panel is manufactured from high-quality gypsum plaster (beta plaster), reinforced with glass fiber rovings and special additives.

Is GFRC Waterproof?

GFRC panel used for the house is both waterproof and fireproof, so it is an ideal choice for exterior settings.

Advantages of GFRG Panel

High speed of construction;
More carpet area for the same built-up area: the thickness of wall panels is only 124mm;
Less embodied the energy and carbon footprint, a significant reduction in the use of steel, cement, sand, and water; recycling of industrial waste gypsum;
Less cost of construction: savings in materials; no cement plastering; Less building weight (panels weigh only 44 kg/m2), thereby reduction in design for seismic forces and savings in the foundation, especially in multi-storeyed buildings;

GFRG Construction

The following are the steps involved in the construction of the GFRG house,
1. GFRG Panels Building Foundation Construction
2. Construction of GFRG Panels Walls
3. GFRG Panels Staircase Construction

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3 thoughts on “GFRG Panel | GFRG Panel House Cost | GFRG Panel Price | GFRG Panel Construction | GFRG Panels Disadvantages”

  1. Hello Lohith,
    We provide GFRG construction in Bangalore, Kerala and TN. Kindly contact me – Leo Christo – 9845924885 for more details.

    Best Wishes!!

  2. It’s available in Hosur Tamilnadu???
    We need to construct 1800 sft approximately.
    Give me the price per m²

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